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I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

I
ISO basic Laitin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGg
HhIiJjKkLlMmNn
OoPpQqRrSsTtUu
VvWwXxYyZz
D'Nealian Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 31.gif
Cursive script 'i' and capital 'I' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

I (named i /ˈ/, plural ies)[1] is the nint letter an a vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

History

Egyptian hieroglyph ꜥPhoenician
Yodh
Etruscan
I
Greek
Iota
D36
   

In Semitic, the letter mey hae originatit in a hieroglyph for an airm that representit a voiced pharyngeal fricative (/ʕ/) in Egyptian, but wis reassigned tae /j/ (as in Inglis "yes") bi Semites, acause thair wird for "airm" began wi that soond. This letter coud an aa be uised tae represent /i/, the close front unrounded vowel, mainly in foreign wirds.

The Greeks adoptit a fairm o this Phoenician yodh as thair letter iota (⟨Ι, ι⟩) tae represent /i/, the same as in the Auld Italic alphabet. In Latin (as in Modren Greek), it wis an aa uised tae represent /j/ an this uise persists in the leids that descendit frae Latin. The modren letter 'j' wis firstly a variation o 'i', an baith wur uised interchyngeably for baith the vowel an the consonant, comin tae be differentiated anly in the 16t century. The dot ower the lawercase 'i' is whiles cried a tittle. In the Turkish alphabet, dotted an dotless I are considered separate letters, representin a front an back vowel, respectively, an baith hae uppercase ('I', 'İ') an lawercase ('ı', 'i') fairms.

In modren Inglis, 'i' represents different soonds, aither a "lang" diphthong /aɪ/ as in kite, which developed frae Middlin Inglis /iː/ efter the Great Vowel Shift o the 15t century, or the "short" /ɪ/ as in bill.

Uisage

The letter 'I' is the fift maist common letter in the Inglis leid. It is an aa uised in mathematics tae denote the imaginary unit  

Computin codes

CharacterIi
Unicode nameLATIN CAIPITAL LETTER I    LATIN SMAA LETTER I
Encodinsdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode73U+0049105U+0069
UTF-8734910569
Numeric chairacter referenceIIii
EBCDIC faimily201 0C9137 089
ASCII 173 049105 069
    1 An aa for encodings based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations

See an aa

Relatit letters an ither similar characters

References

  1. Brown & Kiddle (1870) The institutes of English grammar, p. 19.
    Ies is the plural of the English name of the letter; the plural of the letter itself is rendered I's, Is, i's, or is.

Freemit airtins

  •   Media relatit tae I at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionar defineetion o I at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionar defineetion o i at Wiktionary


The ISO basic Laitin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGgHhIiJjKkLlMmNnOoPpQqRrSsTtUuVvWwXxYyZz
Letter I with diacritics
Í íÌ ìĬ ĭÎ îǏ ǐÏïḮḯĨĩĮ įĪ īỈ ỉȈ ȉȊ ȋỊ ịḬ ḭƗ ɨİ iI ı
Related

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