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F

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

F
ISO basic Laitin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGg
HhIiJjKkLlMmNn
OoPpQqRrSsTtUu
VvWwXxYyZz
D'Nealian Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 31.gif
Cursive script 'f' and capital 'F' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

F (named ef[1] /ˈɛf/)[2] is the saxt letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

History

Proto-Semitic
W
Phoenician 
waw
Etruscan
V or W
Greek
Digamma
Roman F
     

The origin o 'F' is the Semitic letter vâv (or waw) that representit a soond lik /v/ or /w/. Graphically it oreeginally probably depictit aither a huik or a club. It mey hae been based on a comparable Egyptian hieroglyph sic as that which represented the wird mace (transliteratit as ḥ(dj)):-

T3

The Phoenician fairm o the letter wis adoptit intae Greek as a vowel, upsilon (which resembled its descendant, 'Y' but wis an aa ancestor tae Roman letters 'U', 'V', an 'W'); an wi anither fairm, as a consonant, digamma, which resembled 'F', but indicatit the pronunciation /w/, as in Phoenician. (Efter /w/ disappeared frae Greek, digamma wis uised as a numeral anly.)

In Etruscan, 'F' probably representit /w/, as in Greek; an the Etruscans fairmed the digraph 'FH' tae represent /f/. When the Romans adoptit the alphabet, thay uised 'V' (frae Greek upsilon) tae staund for /w/ as well as /u/, leavin 'F' available for /f/. (At that time, the Greek letter phi 'Φ' representit an aspiratit voiceless bilabial plosive /pʰ/, tho in Modren Greek it approximates the soond o /f/.) An sae oot o the various vav variants in the Mediterranean warld, the letter F entered the Roman alphabet attached tae a soond which its antecedents in Greek an Etruscan did nae hae. The Roman alphabet fairms the basis o the alphabet uised the day for Inglis an mony ither leids.

The lawercase ' f ' is nae relatit tae the visually seemilar lang s, ' ſ ' (or medial s). The uise o the lang s lairgely died oot bi the beginnin o the 19t century, maistly tae prevent confusion wi ' f ' when uisin a short mid-bar (see mair at: S).

Relatit letters an ither similar characters

Computin codes

CharacterFf
Unicode nameLATIN CAIPITAL LETTER F    LATIN SMAA LETTER F
Encodinsdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode70U+0046102U+0066
UTF-8704610266
Numeric chairacter referenceFFff
EBCDIC faimily198 0C6134 086
ASCII 170 046102 066
    1 An aa for encodings based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodings.

Ither representations

References

  1. Spelled eff as a verb
  2. "F", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); "ef", "eff", "bee" (under "bee eff"), op. cit.

Freemit airtins

  •   Media relatit tae F at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionar defineetion o F at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionar defineetion o f at Wiktionary


The ISO basic Laitin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGgHhIiJjKkLlMmNnOoPpQqRrSsTtUuVvWwXxYyZz
Letter F with diacritics
ḞḟƑƒ
Related

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