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SCOVietnameseEnglish
U
ISO basic Laitin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGg
HhIiJjKkLlMmNn
OoPpQqRrSsTtUu
VvWwXxYyZz
D'Nealian Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Cursive script 'u' and capital 'U' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

U (named u /ˈjuː/, plural ues[1][2]) is the twinty-first letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet an a vowel in the Inglis alphabet. Seembol 'U' is the chemical seembol for uranium.

History

The letter U ultimately comes frae the Semitic letter Waw bi wey o the letter Y. See the letter Y for details.

Durin the late Middlin Ages, twa forms o 'v' developit, which wur baith uised for its auncestor 'u' an modren 'v'. The pyntit fairm 'v' wis written at the beginnin o a wird, while a roondit fairm 'u' wis uised in the middlin or end, regairdless o soond. Sae whauras 'valor' an 'excuse' appeared as in modren printin, 'hae' an 'upon' wur printed 'haue' an 'vpon'. The first distinction atween the letters 'u' an 'v' is recordit in a Gothic alphabet frae 1386, whaur 'v' precedit 'u'. Bi the mid-16t century, the 'v' fairm wis uised tae represent the consonant an 'u' the vowel soond, givin us the modren letter 'u'. Caipital 'U' wis nae acceptit as a distinct letter till mony years later.[3]

Uisage

In maist leids that uise the Latin alphabet, 'U' represents the close back roondit vowel /u/.

In Inglis the letter is pronoonced differently in different wirds. In closed syllables, it commonly represents /ʌ/ ("short U" as in 'duck') or /ʊ/ (as in 'put'). In open syllables, it commonly represents /u(ː)/ (as in 'blue') or /ju(ː)/ ("long U" as in 'mule'). Addeetionally, the letter U is uised in text messagin an internet an ither written slang tae denote 'you', bi virtue o baith bein pronoonced [juː].

In French the letter represents the close front roondit vowel; /u/ is representit bi 'ou'.

U is an aa the mathematics seembol for Union, which is uised mainly for Venn diagrams an geometry.

Relatit letters an ither similar characters

Computin codes

CharacterUu
Unicode nameLATIN CAIPITAL LETTER U    LATIN SMAA LETTER U
Encodinsdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode85U+0055117U+0075
UTF-8855511775
Numeric chairacter referenceUUuu
EBCDIC faimily228 0E4164 0A4
ASCII 185 055117 075
    1 An aa for encodins based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations

References

  1. "U", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993)
  2. Brown & Kiddle (1870) The institutes of English grammar, page 19.
    Ues is the plural of the name of the letter; the plural of the letter itself is rendered U's, Us, u's, or us.
  3. Pflughaupt, Laurent (2008). Letter by Letter: An Alphabetical Miscellany. trans. Gregory Bruhn. Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 123–124. ISBN 978-1-56898-737-8. Retrieved 21 Juin 2009.

Freemit airtins

  •   Media relatit tae U at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionar defineetion o U at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionar defineetion o u at Wiktionary


The ISO basic Laitin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGgHhIiJjKkLlMmNnOoPpQqRrSsTtUuVvWwXxYyZz
Letter U with diacritics
ÚúÙùŬŭÛûǓǔŮůÜüǗǘǛǜǙǚǕǖŰűŨũṸṹŲųŪūṺṻỦủȔȕȖȗƯưỨứỪừỮữỬửỰự
ỤụṲṳṶṷṴṵɄʉ
Related