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The ultimate guide to different types of mold and how to get rid of them

Green, red, or black – learn the different kinds of mold and how to treat them.


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Not only is it unsightly but mold can also be damaging to our health and wellbeing. It's essential to recognise mold when it occurs and to treat it as soon as possible and this guide will explain the different kinds of mold that can occur in your home and how to prevent them.

Don’t take any chances if you think your black mold is the toxic variety. Go to the doctor if you experience any of the common symptoms such as breathing difficulties, irritation of the eyes, nose and mouth, and an increase in tiredness and headaches. Use professionals to remove this type of mold to avoid releasing the spores into the air in your home.

Safety precautions when dealing with mold

  • Here are a few things you need to remember when dealing with mold:

  • Wear protective clothing such as glasses, a face mask and gloves.

  • Wear old clothes you won’t mind getting dirty.

  • Keep the room well ventilated – the chemicals you use to clean mold can be strong.

  • Take frequent breaks to get some fresh air to look after your health.

  • Test any mold cleaners on a small area to ensure it doesn’t damage the surface.

  • Follow manufacturer’s instructions when using commercial products.

  • Call a professional if you are unsure about dealing with mold yourself.

Getting rid of mold: 3 easy methods

Choose one of the following methods depending on the type of mold you have.

How to get rid of green mold

Rather than a specific type of mold, green mold is used to refer to any type of mold with a greenish coloring. Some common examples include Penicillium and Aspergillus.

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Where is it found?

Green mold is mostly found on damp walls and can usually be identified because of its green colour and fluffy appearance.

How do you get rid of it?

  1. Make a homemade cleaner using equal parts baking soda and water OR equal parts white vinegar and water.

  2. Add your chosen cleaner to a spray bottle.

  3. Spray your solution along the surface of any area affected by green mold.

  4. Leave to soak for 10-15 minutes.

  5. Use a damp sponge to wipe away the green mold.

  6. Use a clean cloth to dry the surface and remove excess water or the mold may grow back.

How to get rid of red mold

Any mold that is red or orange in colour is referred to as red mold. This mold is usually harmless but can cause allergy symptoms.

Where is it found?

Red mold can develop on household surfaces such as drywall, especially if it’s been exposed to flooding. It’s possible for red mold to grow both indoors and outdoors.

How do you get rid of it?

  1. Make up a homemade mold remover using one-part bleach and three-parts water.

  2. Dip a clean rag into the mixture.

  3. Spread it over the area affected by red mold; applying a generous layer.

  4. Allow it to soak for at least 1 hour.

  5. Dip a stiff bristled brush into the bleach mixture and use it to scrub away the red mold.

  6. Rinse with clean, fresh water to remove any traces of mold and bleach mixture.

  7. Dry with a clean cloth to remove excess moisture from the surface.

How to get rid of black mold

A number of different molds or fungi can be black in color and referred to as black mold. Some varieties of black mold, including Stachybotrys Atra, are toxic so it’s very important that you take care when identifying or removing it.

Where is it found?

Toxic black mold can grow both indoors and outdoors. As it occurs naturally in soil, it prefers low nitrogen and high cellulose areas. You can spot black mold by its black color and wet, slimy texture. It will also cause a strong mildew odor.

How do you get rid of it?

  1. Mix up a homemade black mold remove using equal parts ammonia and water OR 1 tsp tea tree oil and 1 cup water OR 1-part 3% hydrogen peroxide and two-parts water.

  2. Put your solution into spray bottle.

  3. Spray the mixture over any area contaminated by black mold.

  4. Use a small brush to remove the mold.

  5. Use a sponge to wipe the surface clean.

  6. Remove excess moisture and dry the surface with a clean cloth.

With this simple guide you now know not only how to identify different types of mold but how to treat and get rid of them. For more mold removal advice check out our guide to how to elimimate mold from walls.

Do you want to learn which household cleaning tasks cause the most stress?  Then read our Heated Household data analysis. 

Originally published