The FIFA World Cup is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, when it was not held because of World War II.

FIFA World Cup final
Founded1930; 93 years ago (1930)
Current champions Argentina (3rd title)
Most successful team(s) Brazil (5 titles)

The World Cup final match is the last of the competition, played by the only two teams remaining in contention, and the result determines which country is declared the world champion. It is a one-off match decided in regulation time. In case of a draw, extra time is used. If scores are then still level, a penalty shoot-out determines the winner,[1] under the rules in force since 1986; prior to that, finals still tied after extra time would have been replayed,[n 1] though this never proved necessary. The golden goal rule would have applied during extra time in 1998 and 2002, but was not put in practice either.

The only exception to this type of format was the 1950 World Cup, which featured a final round-robin group of four teams; the decisive match of that group is often regarded as the de facto final of that tournament, including by FIFA itself.[3]

The team that wins the final receives the FIFA World Cup Trophy, and its name is engraved on the bottom side of the trophy.[4] Of 80 different nations that have appeared in the tournament, 13 have made it to the final, and 8 have won. Brazil, the only team that has participated in every World Cup, is also the most successful team in the competition, having won five titles.[5] Italy and Germany[n 2] have four titles each. Current champion Argentina has three titles, Uruguay and France have two each, while England and Spain have one each. Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Sweden, the Netherlands and Croatia have played in the final without winning. The team with the most appearances in the final overall is Germany, with eight. Only teams from Europe (UEFA) and South America (CONMEBOL) have ever competed in the final.

Argentina defeated France on penalties in the latest final, staged at Qatar's Lusail Stadium in 2022.

List of final matches

Locations of finals held in the rest of the world
Key to the list
a.e.t.Match was won during extra time
pen.Match was won on a penalty shoot-out
List of finals of the FIFA World Cup
YearWinnersScore[3]Runners-upVenueLocationAttendanceRef.
1930Uruguay  4–2  ArgentinaEstadio CentenarioMontevideo, Uruguay68,346[7][8]
1934Italy  2–1 (a.e.t.)  CzechoslovakiaStadio Nazionale PNFRome, Italy55,000[9][10]
1938Italy  4–2  HungaryStade Olympique de ColombesParis, France45,000[11][12]
1950Uruguay  2–1[n 3]  BrazilMaracanã StadiumRio de Janeiro, Brazil173,850[13][14]
1954West Germany  3–2  HungaryWankdorf StadiumBern, Switzerland62,500[15][16]
1958Brazil  5–2  SwedenRåsunda StadiumSolna, Sweden49,737[17][18]
1962Brazil  3–1  CzechoslovakiaEstadio NacionalSantiago, Chile68,679[19][20]
1966England  4–2 (a.e.t.)  West GermanyWembley StadiumLondon, England96,924[21][22]
1970Brazil  4–1  ItalyEstadio AztecaMexico City, Mexico107,412[23][24]
1974West Germany  2–1  NetherlandsOlympiastadionMunich, West Germany78,200[25][26]
1978Argentina  3–1 (a.e.t.)  NetherlandsEstadio MonumentalBuenos Aires, Argentina71,483[27][28]
1982Italy  3–1  West GermanySantiago BernabéuMadrid, Spain90,000[29][30]
1986Argentina  3–2  West GermanyEstadio AztecaMexico City, Mexico114,600[31][32]
1990West Germany  1–0  ArgentinaStadio OlimpicoRome, Italy73,603[33][34]
1994Brazil  0–0 (a.e.t.)
(3–2 pen.)
  ItalyRose BowlPasadena, California, United States94,194[35][36]
1998France  3–0  BrazilStade de FranceSaint-Denis, France80,000[37][38]
2002Brazil  2–0  GermanyInternational StadiumYokohama, Japan69,029[39][40]
2006Italy  1–1 (a.e.t.)
(5–3 pen.)
  FranceOlympiastadionBerlin, Germany69,000[41][42]
2010Spain  1–0 (a.e.t.)  NetherlandsSoccer CityJohannesburg, South Africa84,490[43][44]
2014Germany  1–0 (a.e.t.)  ArgentinaMaracanã StadiumRio de Janeiro, Brazil74,738[45][46]
2018France  4–2  CroatiaLuzhniki StadiumMoscow, Russia78,011[47][48]
2022Argentina  3–3 (a.e.t.)
(4–2 pen.)
  FranceLusail StadiumLusail, Qatar88,966[49]
Upcoming finals
YearWinnersScoreRunners-upVenueLocationAttendanceRef.
2026

Results

 
Map of winning countries
Results by nation
TeamWinnersRunners-upTotal finalsYears wonYears runners-up
  Brazil5271958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 20021950, 1998
  Germany4481954, 1974, 1990, 20141966, 1982, 1986, 2002
  Italy4261934, 1938, 1982, 20061970, 1994
  Argentina3361978, 1986, 20221930, 1990, 2014
  France2241998, 20182006, 2022
  Uruguay2021930, 1950
  England1011966
  Spain1012010
  Netherlands0331974, 1978, 2010
  Hungary0221938, 1954
  Czechoslovakia0221934, 1962
  Sweden0111958
  Croatia0112018
Results by confederation
ConfederationAppearancesWinnersRunners-up
UEFA291217
CONMEBOL15105

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The 1962 and 1966 finals had provisions for only a single replay, and then a drawing of lots. For knockout matches other than the finals, penalty shoot-outs had been adopted from 1978, while lots would have been drawn between 1962 and 1974.[2]
  2. ^ The team's totals include the records of West Germany (1954–1990).[6]
  3. ^ Decisive match of a final stage; technically not a final but often regarded as such.

References

General

  • "World Cup 1930-2018". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). 9 August 2018.

Specific

External links

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