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The Brazil national football team (Portuguese: Seleção Brasileira de Futebol), nicknamed Seleção Canarinho ("Canary Squad", after their bright yellow jersey), represents Brazil in men's international football and is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and a member of CONMEBOL since 1916.

Brazil
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Seleção (The National Team)
Canarinho (Little Canary)
Amarelinha (Little Yellow)
Verde-Amarela (Green-Yellow)
AssociationConfederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF)
ConfederationCONMEBOL (South America)
Head coachVacant
CaptainThiago Silva
Most capsCafu (142)[1][2]
Top scorerPelé (77)
Neymar (77)[3]
Home stadiumVarious
FIFA codeBRA
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 1 Steady (22 December 2022)[4]
Highest1 (159 times on 8 occasions[5])
Lowest22 (6 June 2013)
First international
 Argentina 3–0 Brazil 
(Buenos Aires, Argentina; 20 September 1914)[6][7]
Biggest win
 Brazil 10–1 Bolivia 
(São Paulo, Brazil; 10 April 1949)[8]
 Brazil 9–0 Colombia 
(Lima, Peru; 24 March 1957)
Biggest defeat
 Uruguay 6−0 Brazil 
(Viña del Mar, Chile; 18 September 1920)
 Brazil 1–7 Germany 
(Belo Horizonte, Brazil; 8 July 2014)[9]
World Cup
Appearances22 (first in 1930)
Best resultChampions (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002)
Copa América
Appearances37 (first in 1916)
Best resultChampions (1919, 1922, 1949, 1989, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2007, 2019)
Panamerican Championship
Appearances3 (first in 1952)
Best resultChampions (1952, 1956)
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Appearances3 (first in 1996)
Best resultRunners-up (1996, 2003)
FIFA Confederations Cup
Appearances7 (first in 1997)
Best resultChampions (1997, 2005, 2009, 2013)

Brazil is the most successful national team in the FIFA World Cup, being crowned winner five times: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. The Seleção also has the best overall performance in the World Cup competition, both in proportional and absolute terms, with a record of 76 victories in 114 matches played, 129 goal difference, 247 points, and 19 losses.[12][13] It is the only national team to have played in all World Cup editions without any absence nor need for playoffs,[14] and the only team to have won the World Cup in four different continents: once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States), and once in Asia (2002 South Korea/Japan). Brazil is also the most successful team in the now-defunct FIFA Confederations Cup, winning it four times, in 1997, 2005, 2009, and 2013.

In ranking standings, Brazil have the highest average football Elo rating, and the fourth all-time peak football Elo rating, established in 1962.[15] In FIFA's ranking system Brazil holds the record for most Team of the Year first ranking wins with 13.[16] Many commentators, experts, and former players have considered the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest team of all time.[17][18][19][20][21] Other Brazilian teams are also highly estimated and regularly appear listed among the best teams of all time, such as the Brazil teams of 1958–62 and the squads of the 1994–02 period, with honorary mentions for the gifted 1982 side.[22][23][24][25] In 1996, the Brazil national team achieved 35 consecutive matches undefeated, a feat which they held as a world record for 25 years.[26]

Brazil has developed many rivalries through the years, with the most notable ones being with Argentina—known as the Superclássico das Américas in Portuguese,[27] Italy—known as the Clássico Mundial in Portuguese or the World Derby in English,[28][29] Uruguay due to the traumatic Maracanazo,[30] and the Netherlands due to several important meetings between the two teams at several World Cups.

History

Early history (1914–1922)

 
The first Brazil national team, 1914
 
Brazil's first match at home against Exeter City in 1914

It is generally believed that the inaugural game of the Brazil national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium.[31][32] Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman,[31][32][33] though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw.[34][35]

In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant. Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina (being defeated 3–0), Chile (first in 1916) and Uruguay (first on 12 July 1916).[36] However, led by the goalscoring abilities of Arthur Friedenreich, they were victorious at home in the South American Championships in 1919, repeating their victory, also at home, in 1922.

First World Cup and title drought (1930–1949)

In 1930, Brazil played in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay. The squad defeated Bolivia but lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition.[37] They lost in the first round to Spain in 1934 in Italy, but reached the semi-finals in France in 1938, being defeated 2–1 by eventual winners Italy. Brazil were the only South American team to participate in this competition.

The 1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles.[38] The last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship, also played on Brazilian soil.[38]

The 1950 Maracanazo

 
Brazil national team at the 1950 World Cup. National Archives of Brazil.

After that, Brazil first achieved international prominence when it hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Uruguay, however, won the match and the Cup in a game known as "the Maracanazo". The match led to a period of national mourning.[39]

For the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland, Brazil was then almost completely renovated, with the team colours changed (to a new design by Aldyr Schlee) from all white to the yellow, blue and green of the national flag, to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, known as the Battle of Berne.[40]

Pelé and the First Golden Era (1958–1970)

 
The Brazil national team at the 1959 Copa América

For the 1958 World Cup, Brazil were drawn in a group with England, the USSR and Austria. They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match, then drew 0–0 with England. Before the match, coach Vicente Feola made three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets: Zito, Garrincha and Pelé. From the kick-off, they kept up the pressure relentlessly, and after three minutes, which were later described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football",[41] Vavá gave Brazil the lead. They won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, and they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil then beat Sweden 5–2 in the final, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. Pelé described it tearfully as a nation coming of age.[42]

 
Defending champions Brazil at the 1962 FIFA World Cup

In the 1962 World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility laid upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of the tournament.[43][44]

In the 1966 World Cup, Brazil had their worst performance in a World Cup. The 1966 tournament was remembered for its excessively physical play, and Pelé was one of the players most affected. Against Portugal, several violent tackles by the Portuguese defenders caused Pelé to leave the match and the tournament. Brazil lost this match and was eliminated in the first round of the World Cup for the first time since 1934. They have not failed to reach the knockout stages of the competition since. Brazil became the second nation to be eliminated in the first round while holding the World Cup crown following Italy in 1950. After the 1998, 2002, 2010, 2014 and 2018 World Cups, France, Italy, Spain and Germany were also added to this list. After the tournament, Pelé declared that he did not wish to play in the World Cup again. Nonetheless, he returned in 1970.[45]

 
The 1970 FIFA World Cup-winning Brazil team, considered by many distinguished commentators as the greatest football team ever

Brazil won its third World Cup in Mexico in 1970. It fielded what has since then often been considered the best World Cup football squad ever,[17][18][19][22] led by Pelé in his last World Cup finals, captain Carlos Alberto Torres, Jairzinho, Tostão, Gérson and Rivelino. Even though Garrincha had retired, this team was still a force to be reckoned with. They won all six of their games—against Czechoslovakia, England and Romania during group play, and against Peru, Uruguay and Italy in the knockout rounds. Jairzinho was the second top scorer with seven goals, and is the only player to score in every match in a World Cup; Pelé finished with four goals. Brazil lifted the Jules Rimet trophy for the third time (the first nation to do so), which meant that they were allowed to keep it. A replacement was then commissioned, though it would be 24 years before Brazil won it again.[46]

The dry spell (1974–1990)

After the international retirement of Pelé and other stars from the 1970 squad, Brazil was not able to overcome the Netherlands at the 1974 World Cup in West Germany, and finished in fourth place after losing the third place game to Poland.[47]

In the second group stage of the 1978 World Cup, Brazil competed with tournament hosts Argentina for top spot and a place in the finals. In their last group match, Brazil defeated Poland 3–1 to go to the top of the group with a goal difference of +5. Argentina had had a goal difference of +2, but in its last group match, it defeated Peru 6–0, and thus qualified for the final in a match accused of ultimately-unproven match fixing. Brazil subsequently beat Italy in the third place play-off, and were the only team to remain unbeaten in the tournament.

At the 1982 World Cup, held in Spain, Brazil were the tournament favorites, and easily moved through the early part of the draw, but a 3–2 defeat in Barcelona to Italy, in a classic World Cup match, eliminated them from the tournament in the match that they refer to as "Sarriá's Tragedy", referencing the stadium's name.[48][49] The 1982 team, with a midfield of Sócrates, Zico, Falcão and Éder, is remembered as perhaps the greatest team never to win a World Cup.[23]

Several players, including Sócrates and Zico, from 1982 returned to play at the 1986 World Cup in Mexico. Brazil, still a very good team and more disciplined defensively than four years earlier, met the Michel Platini-led France in the quarter-finals in a classic of Total Football. The game played to a 1–1 draw in regulation time, and after a goalless extra time, it all came down to a penalty shoot-out, where Brazil was defeated 4–3.

After a 40-year hiatus, Brazil was victorious in the 1989 Copa América, this being their fourth victory in four tournaments hosted in Brazil. This achievement ended Brazil's 19-year streak absent a championship. The last one had been in the 1970 World Cup.

At the 1990 World Cup in Italy, Brazil was coached by Sebastião Lazaroni, that had been the coach in the 1989 Copa América. With a defensive scheme, whose main symbol was midfielder Dunga, forward Careca and three centre-backs, the team lacked creativity but made it to the second round. Brazil was eliminated by Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the round of 16 in Turin, losing to their South American archrivals 1–0.[50]

The Second Golden Era (1994–2002)

 
The Brazil squad during the 1994 FIFA World Cup

Brazil went 24 years without winning a World Cup or even participating in a final. Their struggles ended at the 1994 tournament in the United States, where a solid side headed by Romário and Bebeto in attack, captain Dunga in midfield, goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel and defender Jorginho, won the World Cup for a then-record fourth time. Highlights of their campaign included a 1–0 victory over the United States in the round of 16 at Stanford University, a 3–2 win over the Netherlands in the quarter-finals in Dallas, and a 1–0 victory over Sweden in the semi-finals at Pasadena's Rose Bowl. This set up Brazil–Italy in the final in Pasadena. A game played in searing heat which ended as a goalless draw, with Italy's defence led by Franco Baresi keeping out Romário, penalty kicks loomed, and Brazil became champions with Roberto Baggio missing Italy's last penalty.[51] Despite the triumph, the 1994 World Cup winning team is not held in the same high esteem in Brazil as their other World Cup winning teams. FourFourTwo magazine labelled the 1994 team "unloved" in Brazil due to their pragmatic, defensive style over the more typical Brazilian style of attacking flair.[46]

Entering the 1998 World Cup as defending champions, Brazil finished runner-up. Having topped their group and won the next two rounds, Brazil beat the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-final following a 1–1 draw. Player of the tournament Ronaldo scored four goals and made three assists en route to the final. The build up to the final itself was overshadowed by Ronaldo suffering a convulsive fit only hours before kick off.[52] The starting line up without Ronaldo was released to a shocked world media, but after pleading that he felt fine and requested to play, Ronaldo was reinstated by the coach, before giving a below par performance as France, led by Zidane won 3–0.[53]

 
2002 World Cup winning Brazil national football team airplane in Brazilian team livery

Fuelled by the "Three R's" (Ronaldo, Rivaldo and Ronaldinho), Brazil won its fifth championship at the 2002 World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan. Brazil beat all three opponents in group play in South Korea and topped the group. In Brazil's opening game against Turkey, in Ulsan, Rivaldo fell to the ground clutching his face after Turkey's Hakan Ünsal had kicked the ball at his legs. Rivaldo escaped suspension but was fined £5,180 for play-acting, and became the first player ever to be punished in FIFA's crackdown on diving. In their knockout round matches in Japan, Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0 in Kobe in the round of 16. Brazil defeated England 2–1 in the quarter-finals in Shizuoka, with the winning goal coming from an unexpected free-kick by Ronaldinho from 40 yards out.[54] The semi-final was against Turkey in Saitama; Brazil won 1–0. The final was between Germany and Brazil in Yokohama, where Ronaldo scored two goals in Brazil's 2–0 triumph.[55] Ronaldo also won the Golden Shoe as the tournament's leading scorer with 8 goals.[56] Brazil's success saw them receive the Laureus World Sports Award for Team of the Year.[57]

Brazil won the 2004 Copa América, their third win in four competitions since 1997.[58]Brazil also won the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup for the second time.[59] Manager Carlos Alberto Parreira built his side through a 4–2–2–2 formation. Nicknamed the "Magic quartet", the attack was built around four players: Ronaldo, Adriano, Kaká and Ronaldinho.[60]

World Cup drought (2006–present)

 
Brazil and Japan entering the field at the 2006 FIFA World Cup

In the 2006 World Cup, Brazil won its first two games against Croatia (1–0) and Australia (2–0). In the final group game against Japan, Brazil won 4–1. Ronaldo scored twice and equalled the record for the most goals scored across all World Cups. In the round of 16, Brazil beat Ghana 3–0. Ronaldo's goal was his 15th in World Cup history, breaking the record. Brazil, however, was eliminated in the quarter-finals against France, losing 1–0 to a Thierry Henry goal.[60]

Dunga was hired as Brazil's new team manager in 2006.[61] Brazil then won the 2007 Copa América, where forward Robinho was awarded the Golden Boot and named the tournament's best player. Two years later, Brazil won the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, defeating the U.S. 3–2 in the final, to seal their third Confederations Cup title.[62] Kaká was named as the player of the tournament while striker Luís Fabiano won the top goalscorer award.[63]

 
Brazil's Kaká against Chile at the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa

At the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, Brazil won their first two matches against North Korea (2–1) and the Ivory Coast (3–1), respectively. Their last match, against Portugal, ended in a 0–0 draw. They faced Chile in the round of 16, winning 3–0, although in the quarter-final they fell to the Netherlands 2–1.[64]

In July 2010, Mano Menezes was named as Brazil's new coach.[65] At the 2011 Copa América, Brazil lost against Paraguay and was eliminated in the quarter-finals. On 4 July 2012, due to a lack of competitive matches because the team had automatically qualified for the 2014 World Cup as tournament hosts, Brazil was ranked 11th in the FIFA ranking.

Return of Luiz Felipe Scolari (2013–2014)

In November 2012, coach Mano Menezes was sacked and replaced by Luiz Felipe Scolari.[66][67]

 
Brazilian players celebrate winning the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup. The team had five wins in five matches.

On 6 June 2013, Brazil was ranked 22nd in the FIFA ranking, their lowest-ever rank.[68] Brazil entered the 2013 Confederations Cup with the objective of defending their title. In the final, Brazil faced Spain,[69] winning 3–0 and sealing their fourth Confederations Cup title.[70][71] Neymar was named player of the tournament and received the Golden Ball Award and the Adidas Bronze Shoe, and Júlio César won the Golden Glove Award for the best goalkeeper of the tournament.[72]

2014 FIFA World Cup

In the opening match of the 2014 World Cup against Croatia, two goals from Neymar and one from Oscar saw the Seleção off to a winning start in their first World Cup on home soil in 64 years.[73] The team then drew with Mexico, before confirming qualification to the knockout stage by defeating Cameroon 4–1 with Neymar again scoring twice, and Fred and Fernandinho providing further goals.[74][75] Brazil faced Chile in the round of 16, taking an 18th-minute lead through David Luiz's first goal for the Seleção in a 1–1 draw. Brazil prevailed 3–2 on penalties, with Neymar, David Luiz and Marcelo converting their kicks, and goalkeeper Júlio César saving three times.[76]

 
Brazil line up against Colombia at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Neymar (front row, second from right) would play his last game at the tournament after being stretchered off with a fractured vertebra

The team again faced South American opposition in the quarter-final, defeating Colombia 2–1 with goals from central defenders David Luiz and the team captain Thiago Silva. Late in the match, Neymar was stretchered off after Juan Camilo Zúñiga's knee had made contact with the forward's back. Neymar was taken to hospital and was diagnosed with a fractured vertebra, ruling him out for the remainder of the tournament.[77] Prior to this, Neymar had scored four goals, provided one assist, and been named man of the match twice. Brazil faced further problems ahead of their semi-final against Germany, as Thiago Silva was to serve a one-match suspension for receiving his second yellow card of the tournament in the quarter-final.[78]

The Seleção went on to lose 1–7 to the Germans – their biggest ever defeat at the World Cup and first home loss in a competitive match since 1975.[79] Towards the end of the match, the home crowd began to "olé" each pass from the German team, and booed their own players off the pitch after the final whistle.[80] The match has been nicknamed the Mineirazo, making reference to the nation's previous World Cup defeat on home soil, the Maracanazo against Uruguay in 1950, and the Estádio do Mineirão where the match took place.[81] Brazil subsequently lost 0–3 to the Netherlands in the third-place play-off match.[82][83] The team ended the tournament with the worst defensive record of the 32 competing nations, having conceded 14 goals.[84] The only other countries to concede 12 or more goals in the current World Cup format are North Korea and Saudi Arabia.[85] Following these results, Scolari announced his resignation.[86]

Return of Dunga (2014–2016)

 
Brazil's 1994 World Cup winning captain Dunga was coach from 2006 to 2010 and 2014 to 2016.

On 22 July 2014, Dunga was announced as the new manager of Brazil, returning to the position for the first time since the team's exit at the 2010 World Cup.[87]

Dunga's first match in his second reign as Brazil's manager was a friendly match against 2014 World Cup quarter-finalists Colombia at Sun Life Stadium in Miami on 5 September 2014, with Brazil winning the match 1–0 through an 83rd-minute Neymar free-kick goal.[88] Dunga followed this up with wins against Ecuador (1–0),[89] in the 2014 Superclásico de las Américas against Argentina (2–0),[90] against Japan (4–0),[91] against Turkey (0–4),[92] and against Austria (1–2).[93] Dunga continued Brazil's winning streak in 2015 by defeating France 3–1 in another friendly. They followed this with wins against Chile (1–0), Mexico (2–0) and Honduras (1–0).

2015 Copa América

Brazil started the tournament with a victory against Peru after coming from behind by 2–1 (with Douglas Costa scoring in the dying moments),[94] followed by a 1–0 defeat against Colombia[95] and a 2–1 victory against Venezuela.[96] In the knockout stage, Brazil faced Paraguay and was eliminated after drawing 1–1 in normal time and losing 4–3 in the penalty shootout.[97] As such, Brazil was unable to qualify for a FIFA Confederations Cup (in this case, the 2017 edition) for the first time in almost 20 years.[98]

Copa América Centenario

Brazil began the 2016 Copa América Centenario with a scoreless draw against Ecuador, with the Ecuadorians having a goal wrongly disallowed in the second half. This was followed by an emphatic 7–1 victory over Haiti, with Philippe Coutinho scoring a hat-trick.[99] Needing only a draw to progress to the knockout stage of the tournament, Brazil suffered a controversial 1–0 loss to Peru, with Raúl Ruidíaz scoring in the 75th minute by guiding the ball into the net with his arm.[100] This loss, Brazil's first loss to Peru since 1985,[101] saw Brazil eliminated from the tournament in the group stage for the first time since 1987.[102][103][104]

Tite era (2016–2022)

 
Brazil team photograph prior to their group game against Costa Rica at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
 
Brazil supporters at the 2018 World Cup

On 14 June 2016, Tite replaced Dunga as manager of Brazil.[105] Tite, who had managed Corinthians, the 2015 Brazilian champions and 2012 Club World Cup champions, was confirmed as his replacement six days later.[106] Tite's debut was marked with a 3–0 away victory against Ecuador on 2 September,[107] followed by a 2–1 win over Colombia, a 5–0 win against Bolivia and a 0–2 victory away against Venezuela, bringing Brazil to the top of the World Cup Qualifiers leaderboard for the first time since 2011.[108] Brazil then defeated Paraguay 3–0 to become the first team, other than the hosts Russia, to qualify for the 2018 World Cup.[109]

Brazil started their 2018 World Cup campaign with a draw against Switzerland – Brazil's goal coming from a 25-yard bending strike from Philippe Coutinho – their first non-win in an opener since 1978.[110] In the following match against Costa Rica on 22 June, goals from Coutinho and Neymar in stoppage time saw Brazil win 2–0.[111] They won their final group game 2–0 over Serbia with goals from Paulinho and Thiago Silva, meaning qualification for the last 16 as group winners.[112] On 2 July, goals from Neymar and Roberto Firmino saw Brazil 2–0 win over Mexico to advance to the quarter-finals.[113] On 6 July, Brazil were eliminated from the 2018 World Cup by Belgium in the quarter-finals, losing 2–1, with Fernandinho scoring an own goal for Belgium while Renato Augusto scored the only goal for Brazil.[114][115][116]

In spite of World Cup failure, the CBF continued to trust Tite and allowed him to continue his job as coach of Brazil for the 2019 Copa América held at home. However, Brazilian perpetration for the tournament at home was hampered by the injury of Neymar in a friendly match where Brazil thrashed 2019 AFC Asian Cup champions Qatar 2–0.[117] Despite this loss, Tite managed Brazil to their first Copa América title since 2007. Brazil overcame Bolivia after a goalless first half[118] and Peru in a celebratory 5–0 demolition.[119] Between these matches, Brazil drew Venezuela in a 0–0 draw with three goals ruled out by VAR.[120] Brazil met Paraguay in the quarter-finals where they won a 4–3 penalty shootout after a goalless draw.[121] In the semi-finals Brazil beat neighboring Argentina 2–0 to setup a rematch with Peru.[122] In the final, Brazil managed to defeat the Peruvians once again 3–1 to conquer their ninth Copa América title.[123]

On 8 June 2021, Brazil beat Paraguay 2–0 in a World Cup qualifier in Asunción – the first time they had won in the country since 1985.[124] In the 2022 World Cup, Brazil finished first in their group, having beaten Serbia 2–0, Switzerland 1–0, and losing 1–0 to Cameroon.[125] The team then faced South Korea in the round of 16, winning with a 3-goal margin, and progressed to the quarterfinals where they eventually lost 4–2 on penalties to Croatia.[126] Following their exit from the World Cup, Tite resigned as head coach.[127]

Team image

Uniforms

Brazil's first team colors were white with blue collars, but following the defeat at Maracanã in the 1950 World Cup, the colors were criticised for lacking patriotism. With permission from the Brazilian Sports Confederation, the newspaper Correio da Manhã held a competition to design a new kit incorporating the four colors of the Brazilian flag.[128] The winning design was a yellow jersey with green trim and blue shorts with the white trim drawn by Aldyr Garcia Schlee, a nineteen-year-old from Pelotas.[129] The new colors were first used in March 1954 in a match against Chile, and have been used ever since. Topper were the manufacturers of Brazil's kit up to and including the match against Wales on 11 September 1991; Umbro took over before the next match, versus Yugoslavia in October 1991.[130] Nike began making Brazil kits in late 1996, in time for the 1997 Copa América and the 1998 World Cup.[131]

The use of blue and white as the second kit colors owes its origins to the defunct latter day Portuguese monarchy and dates from the 1930s, but it became the permanent second choice accidentally in the 1958 World Cup Final. Brazil's opponents were Sweden, who also wear yellow, and a draw gave the home team, Sweden, the right to play in yellow. Brazil, who travelled with no second kit, hurriedly purchased a set of blue shirts and sewed on them the badges taken from their yellow shirts.[132]

Kit sponsorship

Kit supplierPeriodContract
announcement
Contract
duration
ValueRef.
None1908–1954
Athleta1954–19771954–1977None[133]
Adidas1977–19811977–1981
Topper1981–19911981–1991
Umbro1991–19961991–1996
Nike1997–presentDecember 19961997–2007Total $200 million~$250 million[134]
Unknown2008–202669.5 million per year[135]

Nicknames

The Brazil national team is known by different names in various parts of the world. Nicknames for the squad in Brazil include: Canarinho, meaning 'Little Canary', a reference to a species of bird commonly found in Brazil that has a vivid yellow color, this phrase was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando "Mangabeira" Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup despite the team not wearing the color yet back then;[136] Amarelinha (Little Yellow One), Seleção (The National Squad), Verde-amarela (The Green and Yellow), Pentacampeão (Five-time Champions),[137] and Esquadrão de Ouro (The Golden Squad). Some Latin American commentators often refer to the Brazil team as El Scratch (The Scratch), among others.[138]

Training camp

 
Granja Comary complex is the training camp of the national team.

Brazil's training camp is the Granja Comary in Teresópolis, located 90 km (56 mi) from Rio de Janeiro.[139] Granja Comary was opened in 1987,[140] and underwent significant renovations in 2013 and 2014.

Results and fixtures

The following is a list of match results from the previous 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win  Draw  Loss

2022

v   Brazil
27 January 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Ecuador   1–1   Brazil Quito, Ecuador
16:00 ECT (UTC−5)Torres   75'ReportCasemiro   6'Stadium: Estadio Rodrigo Paz Delgado
Referee: Wilmar Roldán (Colombia)
v   Paraguay
1 February 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Brazil   4–0   Paraguay Belo Horizonte, Brazil
21:30 BRT (UTC−3)
ReportStadium: Mineirão
Attendance: 32,344
Referee: Facundo Tello (Argentina)
v   Chile
24 March 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Brazil   4–0   Chile Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
20:30 BRT (UTC−3)
ReportStadium: Estádio do Maracanã
Referee: Darío Herrera (Argentina)
v   Brazil
29 March 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Bolivia   0–4   Brazil La Paz, Bolivia
19:30 BOT (UTC−4)Report
Stadium: Estadio Hernando Siles
Referee: Éber Aquino (Paraguay)
v   Brazil
2 June Friendly South Korea   1–5   Brazil Seoul, South Korea
20:00 KST (UTC+9)Report
Stadium: Seoul World Cup Stadium
Attendance: 64,872
Referee: Ryuji Sato (Japan)
v   Brazil
6 June 2022 Kirin Challenge Cup Japan   0–1   Brazil Tokyo, Japan
19:20 JST (UTC+9)Report
Stadium: Japan National Stadium
Attendance: 63,638
Referee: Alireza Faghani (Iran)
v   Ghana
23 September Friendly Brazil   3–0   Ghana Le Havre, France
20:30 CEST (UTC+2)
ReportStadium: Stade Océane
Referee: Mikael Lesage (France)
v   Tunisia
27 September Friendly Brazil   5–1   Tunisia Paris, France
20:30 CEST (UTC+2)
Report
Stadium: Parc des Princes
Referee: Ruddy Buquet (France)
v   Serbia
24 November 2022 FIFA World Cup Group G Brazil   2–0   Serbia Lusail, Qatar
22:00 AST (UTC+3)
ReportStadium: Lusail Iconic Stadium
Attendance: 88,103
Referee: Alireza Faghani (Iran)
v   Switzerland
28 November 2022 FIFA World Cup Group G Brazil   1–0   Switzerland Doha, Qatar
19:00 AST (UTC+3)
ReportStadium: Stadium 974
Attendance: 43,649
Referee: Iván Barton (El Salvador)
v   Brazil
2 December 2022 FIFA World Cup Group G Cameroon   1–0   Brazil Lusail, Qatar
22:00 AST (UTC+3)
ReportStadium: Lusail Iconic Stadium
Attendance: 85,986
Referee: Ismail Elfath (United States)
v   South Korea
5 December 2022 FIFA World Cup R16 Brazil   4–1   South Korea Doha, Qatar
22:00 AST (UTC+3)
ReportStadium: Stadium 974
Attendance: 43,847
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)
v   Brazil
9 December 2022 FIFA World Cup QF Croatia   1–1 (a.e.t.)
(4–2 p)
  Brazil Al Rayyan, Qatar
18:00 AST (UTC+3)
Report
Stadium: Education City Stadium
Attendance: 43,893
Referee: Michael Oliver (England)
Penalties

Coaching staff

PositionName
Head coachVacant
Assistant coach
Goalkeeping coach
Fitness coach
General coordinator

Players

Current squad

The following 26 players were called up for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[141][142]

Information correct as of 9 December 2022, after the match against Croatia.

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11GKAlisson (1992-10-02) 2 October 1992 (age 30)610  Liverpool
121GKWeverton (1987-12-13) 13 December 1987 (age 35)90  Palmeiras
231GKEderson (1993-08-17) 17 August 1993 (age 29)190  Manchester City

22DFDanilo (1991-07-15) 15 July 1991 (age 31)491  Juventus
32DFThiago Silva (captain) (1984-09-22) 22 September 1984 (age 38)1137  Chelsea
42DFMarquinhos (1994-05-14) 14 May 1994 (age 28)765  Paris Saint-Germain
62DFAlex Sandro (1991-01-26) 26 January 1991 (age 32)402  Juventus
132DFDani Alves (1983-05-06) 6 May 1983 (age 39)1268Free agent
142DFÉder Militão (1998-01-18) 18 January 1998 (age 25)271  Real Madrid
162DFAlex Telles (1992-12-15) 15 December 1992 (age 30)100  Sevilla
242DFBremer (1997-03-18) 18 March 1997 (age 25)30  Juventus

53MFCasemiro (1992-02-23) 23 February 1992 (age 30)696  Manchester United
73MFLucas Paquetá (1997-08-27) 27 August 1997 (age 25)398  West Ham United
83MFFred (1993-03-05) 5 March 1993 (age 29)320  Manchester United
153MFFabinho (1993-10-23) 23 October 1993 (age 29)290  Liverpool
173MFBruno Guimarães (1997-11-16) 16 November 1997 (age 25)101  Newcastle United
223MFÉverton Ribeiro (1989-04-10) 10 April 1989 (age 33)223  Flamengo

94FWRicharlison (1997-05-10) 10 May 1997 (age 25)4220  Tottenham Hotspur
104FWNeymar (1992-02-05) 5 February 1992 (age 30)12477  Paris Saint-Germain
114FWRaphinha (1996-12-14) 14 December 1996 (age 26)165  Barcelona
184FWGabriel Jesus (1997-04-03) 3 April 1997 (age 25)5919  Arsenal
194FWAntony (2000-02-24) 24 February 2000 (age 22)152  Manchester United
204FWVinícius Júnior (2000-07-12) 12 July 2000 (age 22)202  Real Madrid
214FWRodrygo (2001-01-09) 9 January 2001 (age 22)121  Real Madrid
254FWPedro (1997-06-20) 20 June 1997 (age 25)41  Flamengo
264FWGabriel Martinelli (2001-06-18) 18 June 2001 (age 21)60  Arsenal

Recent call-ups

The following players have been called up to the Brazil squad in the last 12 months.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GKEverson (1990-07-22) 22 July 1990 (age 32)00  Atlético Mineirov.   Bolivia, 29 March 2022
GKSantos (1990-03-17) 17 March 1990 (age 32)00  Flamengov.   Bolivia, 29 March 2022

DFRenan Lodi (1998-04-08) 8 April 1998 (age 24)160  Nottingham Forestv.   Tunisia, 27 September 2022
DFRoger Ibañez (1998-11-23) 23 November 1998 (age 24)10  Romav.   Tunisia, 27 September 2022
DFGuilherme Arana (1997-04-14) 14 April 1997 (age 25)40  Atlético Mineirov.   Japan, 6 June 2022
DFGabriel Magalhães (1997-12-19) 19 December 1997 (age 25)00  Arsenalv.   Japan, 6 June 2022
DFLéo Ortiz (1996-01-03) 3 January 1996 (age 27)00  Red Bull Bragantinov.   Japan, 6 June 2022
DFFelipe (1989-05-16) 16 May 1989 (age 33)20  Atlético Madridv.   Bolivia, 29 March 2022
DFEmerson (1999-01-14) 14 January 1999 (age 24)70  Tottenham Hotspurv.   Paraguay, 1 February 2022 SUS

MFPhilippe Coutinho (1992-06-12) 12 June 1992 (age 30)6821  Aston Villav.   Japan, 6 June 2022
MFDanilo (2001-04-19) 19 April 2001 (age 21)00  Nottingham Forestv.   Japan, 6 June 2022
MFArthur (1996-08-12) 12 August 1996 (age 26)221  Liverpoolv.   Bolivia, 29 March 2022
MFGerson (1997-05-20) 20 May 1997 (age 25)40  Flamengov.   Paraguay, 1 February 2022

FWRoberto Firmino (1991-10-02) 2 October 1991 (age 31)5517  Liverpoolv.   Tunisia, 27 September 2022
FWMatheus Cunha (1999-05-27) 27 May 1999 (age 23)80  Wolverhampton Wanderersv.   Tunisia, 27 September 2022
FWGabriel Barbosa (1996-08-30) 30 August 1996 (age 26)185  Flamengov.   Paraguay, 1 February 2022

  • INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to injury
  • SUS Player served suspension
  • WIT Player withdrew from the squad due to non-injury issue

Individual records

Player records

    As of 9 December 2022[3]
    Players in bold are still active with Brazil.

Most capped players

 
Cafu is the all-time most capped player for Brazil, with 142 appearances
RankPlayerCapsGoalsFirst capLatest cap
1Cafu142512 September 19901 July 2006
2Dani Alves126810 October 20065 December 2022
3Roberto Carlos1251126 February 19921 July 2006
4Neymar1247710 August 20109 December 2022
5Thiago Silva113712 October 20089 December 2022
6Lúcio105415 November 20005 September 2011
7Cláudio Taffarel10107 July 198812 July 1998
8Robinho1002813 July 200325 January 2017
9Djalma Santos98310 April 19529 June 1968
Ronaldo986223 March 19947 June 2011

Top goalscorers

Pelé (left) and Neymar are Brazil's joint all-time top scorers, with 77 goals each.
RankPlayerGoalsCapsAverageFirst capLatest capPos
1Pelé (list)77920.847 July 195718 July 1971FW
Neymar (list)771240.6210 August 20109 December 2022FW
3Ronaldo62980.6323 March 19947 June 2011FW
4Romário56700.7923 May 198727 April 2005FW
5Zico48710.6825 February 197621 June 1986MF
6Bebeto39750.5228 April 198512 July 1998FW
7Rivaldo35740.4716 December 199319 November 2003MF
8Jairzinho33810.417 June 19643 March 1982FW
Ronaldinho33970.3426 June 199924 April 2013MF
10Ademir32390.8221 January 194515 March 1953FW
Tostão32540.5915 May 19669 July 1972FW

Youngest goalscorer

Oldest goalscorer

  • Romário (39 years and two months) vs.   Guatemala, 27 April 2005[144]

Most goals scored in a single match

First goal scored


Manager records

Mário Zagallo became the first person to win the FIFA World Cup both as a player (1958 and 1962) and as a manager (1970). In 1970, when he was of age 38, he won the FIFA World Cup which made him the second youngest coach to win the FIFA World Cup. While still in Brazil as an assistant coach, the team won the 1994 FIFA World Cup.[146]

Competitive record

  Champions    Runners-up    Third place     Fourth place      Tournament played fully or partially on home soil  

FIFA World Cup

Brazil has qualified for every FIFA World Cup they entered, never requiring a qualifying play-off. With five titles, they have won the tournament on more occasions than any other national team.

FIFA World Cup recordQualification record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGASquadPldWDLGFGA
  1930Group stage6th210152SquadQualified as invitees
  1934Round of 1614th100113SquadQualified automatically
  1938Third place3rd53111411Squad
  1950Runners-up2nd6411226SquadQualified as hosts
  1954Quarter-finals5th311185Squad440081
  1958Champions1st6510164Squad211021
  1962Champions1st6510145SquadQualified as defending champions
  1966Group stage11th310246Squad
  1970Champions1st6600197Squad6600232
  1974Fourth place4th732264SquadQualified as defending champions
  1978Third place3rd7430103Squad6420171
  1982Second group stage5th5401156Squad4400112
  1986Quarter-finals5th5410101Squad422062
  1990Round of 169th430142Squad4310131
  1994Champions1st7520113Squad8521204
  1998Runners-up2nd74121410SquadQualified as defending champions
    2002Champions1st7700184Squad189363117
  2006Quarter-finals5th5401102Squad189723517
  20106th531194Squad189723311
  2014Fourth place4th73221114SquadQualified as hosts
  2018Quarter-finals6th531183Squad1812514111
  20227th531183Squad171430405
      2026To be determinedTo be determined
Total5 titles22/2211476191923710812782331228075

Copa América

South American Championship / Copa América record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGASquad
  1916Third place3rd302134Squad
  1917Third place3rd310278Squad
  1919Champions1st4310123Squad
  1920Third place3rd310218Squad
  1921Runners-up2nd310243Squad
  1922Champions1st523072Squad
  1923Fourth place4th300325Squad
  1924Withdrew
  1925Runners-up2nd4211119Squad
  1926Withdrew
  1927
  1929
  1935
  1937Runners-up2nd64021711Squad
  1939Withdrew
  1941
  1942Third place3rd6312157Squad
  1945Runners-up2nd6501195Squad
  1946Runners-up2nd5311137Squad
  1947Withdrew
  1949Champions1st8701467Squad
  1953Runners-up2nd7403179Squad
  1955Withdrew
  1956Fourth place4th522145Squad
  1957Runners-up2nd6402239Squad
  1959Runners-up2nd6420177Squad
  1959Third place3rd4202710Squad
  1963Fourth place4th62131213Squad
  1967Withdrew
  1975Third place3rd6501164Squad
  1979Third place3rd6222109Squad
  1983Runners-up2nd824285Squad
  1987Group stage5th210154Squad
  1989Champions1st7520111Squad
  1991Runners-up2nd7 412128Squad
  1993Quarter-finals5th412164Squad
  1995Runners-up2nd6420103Squad
  1997Champions1st6600223Squad
  1999Champions1st6600172Squad
  2001Quarter-finals6th420254Squad
  2004Champions1st6321136Squad
  2007Champions1st6411155Squad
  2011Quarter-finals8th413064Squad
  20155th421154Squad
  2016Group stage9th311172Squad
  2019Champions1st6420131Squad
  2021Runners-up2nd7511123Squad
  2024Qualified
Total9 titles37/471911083845430204

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGASquad
  1992Did not qualify
  1995
  1997Champions1st5410142Squad
  1999Runners-up2nd5401186Squad
    2001Fourth place4th512233Squad
  2003Group stage5th311133Squad
  2005Champions1st5311126Squad
  2009Champions1st5500145Squad
  2013Champions1st5500143Squad
  2017Did not qualify
Total4 titles7/103323557828

Olympic Games

Olympic Games record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGASquad
  1900Did not participate
  1904
  1908
  1912
  1920
  1924
  1928
  1936
  1948
  1952Quarter-finals6th320196Squad
  1956Did not participate
  1960Group stage6th3201106Squad
  1964Group stage9th311152Squad
  1968Group stage11th302145Squad
  1972Group stage12th301246Squad
  1976Fourth place4th521266Squad
  1980Did not qualify
  1984Silver medal2nd641195Squad
  1988Silver medal2nd6411124Squad
Since 1992See Brazil national under-23 football team
Total2 silver medals8/1932157105940

Head-to-head record

Below is a result summary of all matches Brazil have played against FIFA recognized teams.[147] Updated to 9 December 2022.

  Positive Record  Neutral Record  Negative Record

Opponent
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Win %
  Algeria440080+8100.00%
  Andorra110030+3100.00%
  Argentina109432640166162+439.45%
  Australia8611211+2075.00%
  Austria10730175+1270.00%
  Belgium5302118+360.00%
  Bolivia32234510825+8371.88%
  Bosnia and Herzegovina220031+2100.00%
  Bulgaria9810192+1788.89%
  Cameroon7502123+971.43%
  Canada422084+450.00%
  Chile755314817061+10970.67%
  China3210120+1266.67%
  Colombia35211136718+4960.00%
  Costa Rica111001349+2590.91%
  Croatia633094+550.00%
  Czech Republic[note 1]1911623215+1757.89%
  Denmark320167−166.67%
  DR Congo[note 2]110030+3100.00%
  East Germany[148]4310104+675.00%
  Ecuador3527629824+7477.13%
  Egypt[note 3]6600184+14100.00%
  El Salvador3300130+13100.00%
  England26111143423+1142.31%
  Estonia110010+1100.00%
  Finland330093+6100.00%
  France167452720+743.75%
  Gabon110020+2100.00%
  Germany[note 4]2313554131+1056.52%
  Ghana5500162+14100.00%
  Greece211030+350.00%
  Guatemala211041+350.00%
  Haiti3300171+16100.00%
  Honduras8611296+2375.00%
  Hong Kong110071+6100.00%
  Hungary62131214−233.33%
  Iceland220091+8100.00%
  Iran110030+3100.00%
  Iraq110060+6100.00%
  Israel3300111+10100.00%
  Italy168353023+750.00%
  Ivory Coast110031+2100.00%
  Jamaica321020+266.67%
  Japan131120355+3084.62%
  Kuwait110040+4100.00%
  Latvia110030+3100.00%
  Lithuania110031+2100.00%
  Malaysia110040+4100.00%
  Mexico41247107536+3958.54%
  Morocco220050+5100.00%
  Netherlands123541518−325.00%
  New Zealand3300100+10100.00%
  Nigeria211041+350.00%
  Northern Ireland110030+3100.00%
  North Korea110021+1100.00%
  Norway402258−30.00%
  Oman110020+2100.00%
  Panama5410171+1680.00%
  Paraguay8249221117966+11359.77%
  Peru50369510933+7672.00%
  Poland1310214020+2076.92%
  Portugal2013343916+2365.00%
  Qatar110020+2100.00%
  Republic of Ireland7511182+1671.43%
  Romania541094+580.00%
  Russia[note 5]13931279+1869.23%
  Saudi Arabia5500183+15100.00%
  Scotland10820163+1380.00%
  Senegal10101100.00%
  Serbia[note 6]2112724123+1857.14%
  Slovakia110050+5100.00%
  South Africa5500123+9100.00%
  South Korea8701206+1487.50%
  Spain9522148+655.56%
  Sweden1610423618+1862.50%
  Switzerland10442129+340.00%
  Tanzania110051+4100.00%
  Thailand110070+7100.00%
  Tunisia220092+7100.00%
  Turkey6420103+766.67%
  Ukraine110020+2100.00%
  United Arab Emirates110080+8100.00%
  United States1918014112+2994.74%
  Uruguay7838202014298+4448.72%
  Venezuela282431969+8785.71%
  Wales10811205+1580.00%
  Zambia110020+2100.00%
  Zimbabwe110030+3100.00%
Total (88)10316582121612244910+133463.82%
  1. ^ Includes matches against   Czechoslovakia
  2. ^ Includes matches against   Zaire
  3. ^ Includes matches against   United Arab Republic
  4. ^ Includes matches against   West Germany
  5. ^ Includes matches against   Soviet Union
  6. ^ Includes matches against   Yugoslavia

Matches against non-FIFA and clubs


Honours

 
Brazil's national team celebrating the title of the 1958 FIFA World Cup
 
Brazil champions of 2019 Copa América.

Major competitions

South American tournaments

Olympic Games

Friendlies

Awards

    • Winners (2): 1982, 2002

Chronology of titles

HeadquartersTournamentYearN.º
  BrazilCopa América1919
  BrazilCopa América1922
  BrazilCopa América1949
  ChilePanamerican Championship1952
  MexicoPanamerican Championship1956
  SwedenFIFA World Cup1958
  ChileFIFA World Cup1962
  MexicoFIFA World Cup1970
  BrazilCopa América1989
  United StatesFIFA World Cup199410º
  BoliviaCopa América199711º
  Saudi ArabiaFIFA Confederations Cup199712º
  ParaguayCopa América199913º
   South Korea–JapanFIFA World Cup200214º
  PeruCopa América200415º
  GermanyFIFA Confederations Cup200516º
  VenezuelaCopa América200717º
  South AfricaFIFA Confederations Cup200918º
  BrazilFIFA Confederations Cup201319º
  BrazilCopa América201920º

Summary

Senior competition   Total
World Cup5229
Copa América912728
Panamerican Championship2103
Gold Cup0213
Confederations Cup4105
Total20181048

See also

Citations

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Sources

  • Ruy Castro (2005). Garrincha – The triumph and tragedy of Brazil's forgotten footballing hero. Translated by Andrew Downie. London: Yellow Jersey Press. ISBN 0-224-06433-9.
  • Ivan Soter (2015). Enciclopédia da Seleção: 100 anos de seleção brasileira de futebol. Rio de Janeiro: Folha Seca. ISBN 978-85-87199-29-4.

External links

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