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Anita Baker

Anita Denise Baker is an American singer-songwriter.

Anita Denise Baker (born January 26, 1958)[1] is an American singer-songwriter.

Anita Baker
Baker in 1998
Baker in 1998
Background information
Birth nameAnita Denise Baker
Born (1958-01-26) January 26, 1958 (age 65)
Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
OriginDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
Years active1979–2017

She is one of the most popular singers of soulful ballads, especially renowned for her work during the height of the quiet storm period in the 1980s.[1] Starting her career in the late 1970s with the funk band Chapter 8, Baker released her first solo album, The Songstress, in 1983. In 1986, she rose to stardom following the release of her Platinum-selling second album, Rapture, which included the Grammy-winning single "Sweet Love". As of 2017, Baker has won eight Grammy Awards and has four Platinum albums, along with two Gold albums.[2][3][4][5] Baker is a contralto with a range of nearly three octaves.[6][7][8]

Life and music career

1958–79: Early life, career beginnings and Chapter 8

Anita Baker was born on January 26, 1958, in Toledo, Ohio. When she was two, her mother abandoned her and Baker was raised by a foster family in Detroit, Michigan.[9] When Baker was 12, her foster parents died and her foster sister raised her afterwards.[9] By the time Baker was 16, she began singing R&B at Detroit nightclubs. After one performance, she was discovered by bandleader David Washington, who gave her a card to audition for the funk band, Chapter 8.[citation needed]

Baker joined Chapter 8 in 1975 and the group toured until securing a deal with Ariola Records in 1979. The group's first album, Chapter 8, was released that year and featured the singles "Ready for Your Love", a duet between Baker and bandmate Gerald Lyles, and the Baker-led "I Just Want to Be Your Girl."[10] After Ariola was bought out by Arista Records in 1979, Chapter 8 was dropped by the label who were convinced that Baker, as the group's lead singer, didn't have "star potential."[11] Baker returned to Detroit, working as a waitress and a receptionist until, in 1982, Otis Smith, a former associate of Ariola, convinced Baker to start a solo career under his Beverly Glen label.[12]

1983–89: The Songstress, Rapture and Giving You the Best That I Got

Baker released her debut solo album, The Songstress, in May 1983.[1] The album produced four singles: "No More Tears" and its B-side, "Will You Be Mine", "Angel" and "You're the Best Thing Yet". "Angel" became Baker's first top ten single, reaching number five on the R&B charts in late 1983. "You're the Best Thing Yet" followed it in the R&B top 40 early the following year.

Despite this early success, Baker later complained that she hadn't received any royalties from the work. In addition, the label delayed work on Baker's follow-up of The Songstress. By 1984, after two years, Baker sought to leave the label but was sued by Smith for breach of contract in 1985. After months in court debating the matter, it was concluded that Baker should be allowed to record for other labels, winning the case against Beverly Glen label owner Otis Smith. Baker then signed with the Warner Music Group-associated Elektra Records label in 1985 and began working on her next album. Her Elektra contract allowed the singer to have creative control and produce her own music.[citation needed]

Baker used her old Chapter 8 bandmate, songwriter and producer Michael J. Powell on her first Elektra album, though label execs were initially unhappy with her choice of Powell over more established producers.[citation needed]

In March 1986, Baker released her second album, Rapture. While sales were initially slow following the release of the album's debut single, "Watch Your Step", Elektra released the mid-tempo ballad, "Sweet Love", which became her first pop hit, reaching number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 and also reaching the UK Top 20. The album eventually launched three further hit singles, including "Caught Up in the Rapture", "No One in the World" and "Same Ole Love (365 Days a Year)".

Throughout 1986 and 1987, Baker promoted the album by touring, headlining her first tour, The Rapture Tour, a show from which was later released on home video as A Night of Rapture. By 1988, the album had sold over 8 million copies worldwide, 5 million of which were sold in the United States alone. The album resulted in Baker's winning two Grammy Awards at the 1987 ceremony.[citation needed]

In 1987, Baker collaborated with The Winans on their song, "Ain't No Need to Worry", which gave Baker a third Grammy, this time in the Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus category.[citation needed]

Baker's follow-up album, Giving You the Best That I Got, was released in October 1988 and immediately became a success, topping the Billboard 200 and selling 5 million copies worldwide, 3 million of which sold alone in the United States. The title track reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and topped the R&B and adult contemporary charts, becoming her most successful charted single.[13] The follow-up, "Just Because", reached the top 20 on the pop chart while also becoming an R&B chart-topper, while a third single, "Lead Me Into Love", became a top ten R&B hit. The album resulted in three more Grammy Awards for the singer.[citation needed]

1990–96: Compositions, motherhood, Rhythm of Love and tour

In 1990, Baker released Compositions, which had Baker more involved in the songwriting and production process and the first in which she began incorporating more jazz elements than in previous albums. The album launched the singles "Talk to Me", "Soul Inspiration" and "Fairy Tales", and eventually sold over a million copies.[citation needed]

After the end of the album's touring and promotion schedule in 1991, Baker took a break from the business to settle down with her husband at the time, later having two children with him. Meanwhile, Elektra bought the rights to, and reissued, her first album, The Songstress. It has since sold more than 300,000 copies.[citation needed]

After appearing on Frank Sinatra's Duets album, Baker returned to the charts with Rhythm of Love in 1994. The album featured "Body and Soul", her first top 40 pop hit since 1989. The second single, the mid-tempo "I Apologize", won Baker an eighth Grammy. The album eventually sold over two million copies: her fourth consecutive platinum-selling album. Baker undertook the Rhythm of Love World Tour from December 14, 1994 to November 14, 1995. Baker was transferred to another label within the Warner Music Group, Atlantic Records, in 1996.[14]

Taking a hiatus after the end of the Rhythm of Love Tour to care for her two sons, Baker returned to the studio in 2000. In May 2001, she filed a lawsuit against Zomba Recording and its Dreamhire division for alleged damage to her recordings by a hired 24-track tape machine.[1][15] Due to a label restructuring, Baker was let go from Atlantic that November without releasing any material with the company.[16] During this hiatus, Rhino Records released the compilation, The Best of Anita Baker (named Sweet Love: The Very Best of Anita Baker in the UK) in June 2002. The album eventually was certified platinum by the RIAA, denoting sales in excess of 1,000,000 units in the US.

2004–08: My Everything, Christmas Fantasy and tour

That year, Baker returned to live performing, signing with Blue Note Records in March 2004. That September, Baker released the album, My Everything. The album peaked at number four on the Billboard 200 and number-one on the R&B charts, eventually being certified gold.

In 2005, Baker released Christmas Fantasy, winning a Grammy nomination for the song, "Christmas Time Is Here". In May 2005, Baker was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music.[17] Starting in 2007, Baker embarked on a two-year concert tour titled An Evening with Anita Baker. She occasionally sang the American national anthem at sports events.[18] "I met Anita at the Grammy Awards in 2007," said Mary J. Blige. "I told [her] how much she meant to me. She said, 'I'm glad that you picked up the ball where I left off.' That meant a lot."[19]

2010–present: New music, tour, brief retirement, and comeback

Baker had been working on a new album featuring the single, "Only Forever", since 2010. In August 2012, Baker released her version of Tyrese's hit, "Lately". The song made headlines for Baker after the song was played every hour, on the hour, throughout the day on urban adult contemporary radio, making her the first artist to make this kind of debut. Though Blue Note set release dates for the album in October and December 2012, Baker decided she still needed to work on the album, causing delays. The album never materialized.

In February 2013, Baker returned to the national spotlight, performing "Lately" and "Same Ole Love" on Jimmy Kimmel Live!. That same month, she appeared at the Grammys where "Lately" was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance. In January 2017, Baker confirmed she had retired.[20] She emerged from retirement in 2018.

In March 2021, Baker entered into a conflict with Elektra Records over rights to her master recordings, which she claimed were supposed to return to her after the expiration of her contract, according to copyright law. She asked fans to stop buying and streaming her music until the rights to her music were given to her. In September 2021, she announced that the dispute had been settled and that she owned her masters.[21][22][23][24]

Baker performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Philadelphia's Lincoln Financial Field prior to the 2022 NFC Championship Game between the Eagles and San Francisco 49ers.[25]

Personal life

Baker married Walter Bridgforth, Jr. on December 24, 1988. The couple separated in 2005 and finalized their divorce two years later.[26] They have two sons, Walter Baker Bridgforth (born January 1993) and Edward Carlton Bridgforth (born May 1994).[27] Baker currently lives in Grosse Pointe Park, Michigan.[28]

More than five years after her divorce, Baker filed for a legal name change from Bridgforth to Baker in her private life.[29]

Baker publicly endorsed presidential candidate Andrew Yang in the 2020 Democratic presidential primary.[30]


    Studio albums


Awards and honors

In 2013, Anita Baker was inducted into the Michigan Rock and Roll Legends Hall of Fame.[31]

BET Awards

The BET Awards were established in 2001 by the Black Entertainment Television network to celebrate African Americans in music, acting, sports, and other fields of entertainment over the past year. The awards are presented annually, and are broadcast live on BET.[32]

YearNominee / workAwardResult
2018Anita BakerLifetime Achievement AwardWon

Grammy Awards

The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Baker has received eight awards from 18 nominations.

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1987RaptureBest R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
"Sweet Love"Best Rhythm & Blues SongWon
1988"Ain't No Need to Worry" (with The Winans)Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo, Group, Choir or ChorusWon
1989"Giving You the Best That I Got"Record of the YearNominated
Song of the YearNominated
Best R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
Best Rhythm & Blues SongWon
1990Giving You the Best That I GotBest R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
1991CompositionsBest R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
CompositionsBest Album PackageNominated
1995"Body and Soul"Best Female R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
Rhythm of LoveBest R&B AlbumNominated
1996"When You Love Someone" (with James Ingram)Best Pop Collaboration with VocalsNominated
"I Apologize"Best Female R&B Vocal PerformanceWon
2005"You're My Everything"Best Traditional R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
My EverythingBest R&B AlbumNominated
2007"Christmas Time Is Here"Best Traditional R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
2013"Lately"Best Traditional R&B PerformanceNominated

American Music Awards

The American Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony created by Dick Clark in 1973. Baker has received four awards from nine nominations.

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1987Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistNominated
RaptureFavorite Soul/R&B AlbumNominated
1988Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistWon
RaptureFavorite Soul/R&B AlbumWon
1990Anita BakerFavorite Pop/Rock Female ArtistNominated
Favorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistWon
"Just Because"Favorite Soul/R&B SingleNominated
1995Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistWon
1996Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistNominated

Soul Train Music Awards

The Soul Train Music Awards is an annual award show aired in national broadcast syndication that honors the best in African American music and entertainment established in 1987.

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1987"Sweet Love"Best Single, FemaleWon
Best Music VideoNominated
RaptureAlbum of the Year, FemaleNominated
1989"Giving You the Best That I Got"Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Song of the YearWon
Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Single, FemaleWon
Giving You the Best That I GotBest R&B/Urban Contemporary Album of the Year, FemaleWon
1991"Talk to Me"Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Single, FemaleNominated
CompositionsBest R&B/Urban Contemporary Album of the Year, FemaleNominated
1995"Body and Soul"Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music VideoNominated
Best R&B/Soul Single, FemaleWon
Rhythm of LoveR&B/Soul Album of the Year, FemaleWon
2010Anita BakerLegend Award, FemaleWon

Other honors

1994Hollywood Walk of FameStar at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.
2005International Artist of the YearCanadian Smooth Jazz Award[33]Won



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