Ralf Rangnick (German pronunciation: [ˈʁaŋnɪk]; born 29 June 1958) is a German professional football manager, executive and former player who is currently the interim manager of Premier League club Manchester United.

Ralf Rangnick
2019-03-30 Fußball, Männer, 1. Bundesliga, RB Leipzig - Hertha BSC StP 3705 LR10 by Stepro (cropped).jpg
Rangnick with RB Leipzig in 2019
Personal information
Date of birth (1958-06-29) 29 June 1958 (age 63)
Place of birthBacknang, West Germany
Height1.81 m (5 ft 11 in)[1]
Position(s)Defensive midfielder
Club information
Current team
Manchester United
(interim manager)
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1976–1979VfB Stuttgart II
1979–1980Southwick
1980–1982VfR Heilbronn66(6)
1982–1983Ulm 184632(0)
1983–1985FC Viktoria Backnang
1987–1988TSV Lippoldsweiler
Teams managed
1983–1985FC Viktoria Backnang
1985–1987VfB Stuttgart II
1987–1988TSV Lippoldsweiler
1988–1990SC Korb
1990–1994VfB Stuttgart U19
1995–1997Reutlingen 05
1997–1999Ulm 1846
1999–2001VfB Stuttgart
2001–2004Hannover 96
2004–2005Schalke 04
2006–20111899 Hoffenheim
2011Schalke 04
2015–2016RB Leipzig
2018–2019RB Leipzig
2021–Manchester United (interim)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

After an uneventful career as a player, Rangnick began his coaching career in 1983, at age 25. In 1997, he was hired by former club Ulm 1846, with whom he won the Regionalliga Süd in his debut season. Rangnick was then appointed by Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart, winning the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 2000, but was dismissed in 2001. He subsequently joined Hannover 96, winning the 2. Bundesliga, but was dismissed in 2004. After a brief period with Schalke 04, Rangnick joined 1899 Hoffenheim in 2006, and achieved successive promotions to the Bundesliga. He departed the club in 2011 and returned to Schalke 04, where he won the 2011 DFB-Pokal and reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League. He later served as head coach at RB Leipzig across two periods between 2015 and 2019.

Rangnick joined Red Bull as director of football in 2012, helping oversee their expansion into European football, emphasising the recruitment of unproven players and developing youth systems with a worldwide scouting base and an attacking on-pitch philosophy across their clubs.[2][3] As a result, Red Bull clubs rose in market value from €120 million to €1.2 billion during his tenure.[4] Their clubs have also seen sustained domestic success[5] and generated sizable profits with player transfers,[6][7] which led to Rangnick's promotion to head of sport and development in 2019.[8] He resigned from Red Bull in 2020 and joined Russian club Lokomotiv Moscow as manager of sports and development in 2021. Later that year, Rangnick was appointed as interim manager of Manchester United until the end of the 2021–22 season.

Early life and playing career

Rangnick was born and raised in Backnang. His parents, Dietrich and Erika Rangnick, met in 1945 in Lichtenstein, Saxony, in the Ore Mountains. His mother is from Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland) and his father is from Königsberg.[9]

Rangnick began his playing career at VfB Stuttgart, but was noted for his strategic talents and was added as player-coach.[10] His playing career was short-lived and was primarily concentrated in Germany, but included a stint at English club Southwick while studying at the University of Sussex.[11]

Coaching career

Rangnick was one of the first coaches to publicize football tactics, notably during a ZDF SportsStudio TV broadcast in December 1998. As a result, Rangnick became known as the "professor"; a title initially used to jeer him, which then grew to be used to show respect.[12][13]

Early career

Rangnick began his coaching career in the 1980s, first as player-coach at his hometown club Viktoria Backnang, then continuing on to play and coach at VfB Stuttgart II and TSV Lippoldsweiler.[14]

In 1988, he became the head coach at SC Korb, remaining for two seasons before returning to VfB Stuttgart for four seasons to manage the Under 19 team. In 1991, he won the U-19 Bundesliga (German: A-Junioren Bundesliga), the highest honor in German U-19 football. Rangnick then returned to first team management in 1995 with two seasons as head coach at SSV Reutlingen 05.[15] He took the club to a fourth place finish in his first season.[16] They began the following campaign strong, with the club in the midst of the promotion push by Christmas. However, Rangnick would not see the season to its finish as he was sought after by his former club Ulm in January 1997.[17] Reutlingen were in fifth position when Rangnick left the club.[18]

His first match in charge of Ulm finished in a 2–0 loss to Greuther Fürth.[19] Ulm were also positioned in the Regionalliga Süd, and although Rangnick could only manage a sixth-place position from the remainder of the 1996–97 season, they started the following season with a 3–1 win against Karlsruher SC II.[20][21] They won the Regionalliga Süd Championship in 1998.[22] Rangnick adapted well to life in the 2. Bundesliga, and Ulm mounted a strong promotion push that led them to the Bundesliga for the first time in their history in 2000.

During the winter break of his second season, he signed a deal to move to top flight VfB Stuttgart for the next season. This was supposed to remain secret until the end of the season, but in February it was leaked out into public knowledge. This caused an outcry, especially as the team began to lose ground in the table, and by the end of March, Rangnick resigned from the post prematurely[17] and, on 3 May 1999, took control of Stuttgart[23] for the club's final five matches.[24] His final match was a 2–0 loss to SpVgg Unterhaching.[25][26]

VfB Stuttgart

On 3 May 1999, Rangnick took control of VfB Stuttgart,[23] for the final five games[24] and saw the club finish 1998–99 season in 11th place.[27] He won two out of the club's five final matches.[24] His first match was a 2–0 loss to Bayern Munich.[24] Rangnick was now first team coach at the club he had served as a player and coached at amateur and under 19 level previously. His first full season in the 1999–2000 Bundesliga saw the club finish in a respectable eighth position.[28] The following season was much tougher, however the team succeeded in making the round of 16 in the 2000–01 UEFA Cup after winning the UEFA Intertoto Cup, and the semi-finals of the DFB-Pokal. Nonetheless, Stuttgart's Bundesliga form left them hovering in the relegation zone by the halfway point. After their European exit in February 2001, Stuttgart dismissed Rangnick.[29] His final match was 2–1 loss to Celta de Vigo in the UEFA Cup on 22 February 2001.[30] Stuttgart were in 17th place at the time of his sacking.[31] Rangnick finished with a record of 36 wins, 16 draws and 34 losses.[23]

Hannover 96

The next season brought a new post, as Rangnick took over 2. Bundesliga side Hannover 96 on 23 May 2001.[32] His first match was a 1–1 draw against Union Berlin on 30 July 2001.[33] His first season was a complete success as they romped home as champions and were promoted to the Bundesliga after a 13-year absence.[34] Their first season back at the top level saw them consolidate with an 11th-place finish,[35] but, as their form nosedived in the second half of the 2003–04 season, Rangnick was dismissed following a 0–1 defeat at Borussia Mönchengladbach in March 2004.[36] Hannover were in 15th place at the time of his sacking.[37] Rangnick finished with a record of 44 wins, 22 draws and 32 losses.[38]

Schalke 04

After missing out on the role as assistant manager for the German national team to Joachim Löw, Rangnick was hired by Schalke 04 on 28 September 2004,[39] after Jupp Heynckes left just weeks into the 2004–05 season. Rangnick again tasted European action as the club had earned a UEFA Cup spot via the UEFA Intertoto Cup. His first match was in the UEFA Cup.[40] Schalke won 4–0 against Metalurgs Liepājas.[40] He led them through the group phase, but they exited in the knockout rounds to Shakhtar Donetsk.[40] However, the DFB-Pokal was to prove more successful, as Rangnick took the club to the final, where they fell 2–1 to Bayern Munich.[40] Bayern would also pip Rangnick's side in the league as Schalke ended as runners-up.[41]

The next season started well, with Rangnick defeating former club VfB Stuttgart 1–0 and securing the 2005 DFL-Ligapokal.[42] Their second-place league finish of the previous year had also qualified them for the 2005–06 UEFA Champions League, Rangnick's first entry into the prestigious competition. However, the team would fail to progress beyond the group stage, and sat ten points off the pace in the Bundesliga,[43] as well as having crashed 0–6 in the DFB-Pokal to Eintracht Frankfurt.[42] Shortly before the winter break, these results prompted the club to dismiss Rangnick on 12 December 2005.[44] He left with a record of 36 wins, 15 draws and 14 losses.[45]

1899 Hoffenheim

 
Rangnick with Hoffenheim in 2007

Rangnick's next appointment as head coach was at 1899 Hoffenheim of the Regionalliga Süd for the 2006–07 season.[46] His first match was a 2–2 draw against 1860 Munich II on 5 August 2006.[47] The team instantly won promotion and played the 2007–08 season in the 2. Bundesliga for their first time in their history.[48] The stay in the 2. Bundesliga was short, as a second-place finish for Hoffenheim in 2007–08 earned the club, and Rangnick, promotion to the Bundesliga for the 2008–09 season.[49] They also reached the quarter-finals of the DFB-Pokal.[50] During the 2008–09 season, Hoffenheim reached the second round of the DFB-Pokal.[51] In the first half of the season, Hoffenheim won 35 out of 51 available points,[52] however in the second half, the club won only 20 out of 51 points to drop down to seventh place.[52][53]

During the 2009–10 season, Hoffenheim reached the quarter-finals of the DFB-Pokal.[54] Hoffenheim finished in 11th place in the Bundesliga.[55] On 2 January 2011, Rangnick resigned as head coach of Hoffenheim, citing the sale of midfielder Luiz Gustavo to Bayern Munich, of which he had not been informed, as his reason for resigning from the club.[56][57] Rangnick's final match was a 2–0 win against Borussia Mönchengladbach on 21 December 2010 in the DFB-Pokal.[58] Hoffenheim were in eighth place when Rangnick left the club.[59] Rangnick finished with a record of 79 wins, 43 draws and 44 losses.[60]

Return to Schalke 04

In March 2011, Rangnick was named as the replacement for Felix Magath as coach of Schalke 04.[61] His first match was a 2–0 forfeit win against FC St. Pauli on 1 April 2011.[62] The game was stopped in the 89th minute after a beer mug was thrown at the assistant, overshadowing Rangnick's successful debut at Millerntor. At the time of the cancellation, Schalke was leading 2–0.[63] Just weeks after being named the new Schalke coach, Rangnick led his old club to their first UEFA Champions League semi-finals by defeating holders Inter Milan 7–3 on aggregate.[64] However, Schalke were eliminated by Manchester United in the semi-finals.[65]

Schalke began the 2011–12 season by defeating Borussia Dortmund in a shootout in the 2011 DFL-Supercup.[66] On 22 September 2011, Rangnick stepped down as Schalke's coach due to chronic fatigue syndrome, stating he did not have "the necessary energy to be successful and to develop the team and the club".[67][68][69] He finished with a record of ten wins, three draws and ten losses.[45]

RB Leipzig

 
Rangnick managing RB Leipzig in 2018

In February 2015, Rangnick announced he would be taking over as coach at RB Leipzig for the 2015–16 season. Achim Beierlorzer took over until the end of the season following the immediate resignation of Alexander Zorniger. In addition, Rangnick resigned as director of football of Red Bull Salzburg.[70] His first match was a 1–0 win against FSV Frankfurt on 25 July,[71] and Rangnick secured promotion to the Bundesliga with the win against Karlsruher SC on 8 May 2016.[72][73] On 16 May, Leipzig announced Ralph Hasenhüttl would take over from Rangnick.[74] Rangnick finished with a record of 21 wins, 7 draws and 8 losses.[75]

On 9 July 2018, Rangnick took over, once again, as coach of RB Leipzig.[76][77] He won his first match on his return 4–0 against Swedish club Häcken in the second qualifying round of the Europa League.[78][79] RB Leipzig eventually won the tie 5–1 on aggregate.[80] They then eliminated Universitatea Craiova in the third qualifying round.[81] The first domestic match (and victory) came against Viktoria Köln in the German Cup,[78] as Leipzig won the match 3–1.[82] Leipzig's first Bundesliga match took place on 26 August 2018.[78] Leipzig lost to Borussia Dortmund 4–1.[83] Leipzig qualified for the Europa League group stage after knocking out Zorya Luhansk with a 3–2 aggregate score in the play-off round.[84] In the group stage, they were drawn against RB Salzburg, Celtic, and Rosenborg,[85] finishing 3rd position in group stage.

Notwithstanding, the club ended the season 3rd in Bundesliga, qualified to the UEFA Champions League for the 2019–20 season, and reached the DFB-Pokal final, losing to Bayern Munich. Rangnick finished his second term as coach with a record of 29 wins, 13 draws and 10 losses.[75]

Manchester United

Following the dismissal of Ole Gunnar Solskjær after a poor run of results in the first few months of the 2021–22 season, Rangnick was shortlisted as a potential short term manager by Manchester United.[86] Although the board had initially decided to give caretaker manager Michael Carrick a longer run of games while scouting replacements, Rangnick quickly emerged as the outstanding candidate during interviews and was appointed as interim manager until the end of the season on 29 November 2021.[87][88] Following this period he will continue in a consultancy role for a further two years.[89] He officially took charge a few days later on 2 December following the approval of his work permit.[90][91] His first match saw the club defeat Crystal Palace 1–0 with a goal from Fred.[92]

Executive career

Red Bull

In June 2012, Rangnick became the director of football for both Red Bull Salzburg and RB Leipzig. Under Rangnick's leadership, by 2018, RB Leipzig saw promotion from regional league (tier IV) to the Bundesliga (tier I), and reached the UEFA Champions League; their highest domestic finish was runners-up in the 2016–17 season, while their highest European finish was reaching the semi-finals in the 2019–20 season.[citation needed] Despite consistent off-field success, RB Leipzig won one trophy, the Saxony Cup, with Rangnick. Meanwhile, Red Bull Salzburg won Austrian Bundesliga and Austrian Cup multiple times, and reached the Champions League and UEFA Europa League.[93][94]

In 2019, Rangnick was promoted to head of sport and development for Red Bull GmbH, thus overseeing global football initiatives, including New York Red Bulls and their takeover of Red Bull Bragantino.[95][96] Under Rangnick's tenure, New York Red Bulls won the Supporters Shield in 2013, 2015, 2018, while Red Bull Bragantino gained promotion to Série A in 2020. He resigned from Red Bull in 2020,[97] with a reported move to Milan failing during negotiations.[98] While at Red Bull, their clubs rose in market value from €120 million to €1.2 billion during his tenure, with its largest club, RB Leipzig, peaking in value to €270 million in 2019.[4] Red Bull also generated sizable profits with player transfers.[6][7]

Lokomotiv Moscow

On 6 July 2021, he signed a three-year contract as manager of sports and development for Russian Premier League club Lokomotiv Moscow.[99] He left the post on 29 November 2021 to become interim manager of Manchester United.[87]

Style of management

"He was one of the very first to implement a back four in Germany and introduce the style of not man-marking and still being aggressive, and was one of the pioneers to introduce a 4-4-2 and high pressing. Still he is one of the leaders of this development in German football so tactically for sure he is an elite coach."

 — Thomas Tuchel praised Rangnick’s influence on German football, November 2021[100]

Rangnick is regarded as the "godfather" of modern German football.[101] He is credited with developing Gegenpressing,[102] whereby the team, after losing possession, immediately attempts to win back possession, rather than falling back to regroup together with evolving player's spatial coverage by increasing memory space and processing pace.[103][104][105] He developed this after playing a friendly against Dynamo Kyiv in 1984, being inspired by the pressing philosophy of Valeriy Lobanovskyi.[106][107] His sides have been noted for their pressing and high attacking output, as well as for popularizing zonal marking.[108]

Rangnick has cited his main coaching influences as Ernst Happel, Valeriy Lobanovskyi, Arrigo Sacchi and Zdeněk Zeman,[109] and is credited for influencing Thomas Tuchel, Jürgen Klopp, Julian Nagelsmann, Ralph Hasenhüttl, Marco Rose, Roger Schmidt, Adi Hütter, Oliver Glasner, Jesse Marsch, David Wagner, Matthias Jaissle, Zsolt Lőw and Sebastian Hoeneß.[110][111][112][113]

Rangnick has said that a parental seminar about "education with love and consistency" describes the role of a coach.[112]

Philanthropy

In 2018, Rangnick established the Ralf Rangnick Foundation which aims to support children in their development and enable their personalities to flourish.[114][115]

Managerial statistics

As of matches played on 22 January 2022
TeamFromToRecord
GWDLWin %Ref.
VfB Stuttgart II1 July 1985[14]30 June 1987[14]70281626040.00
Reutlingen 051 July 1995[15]31 December 1996[15]51261213050.98[16][18]
Ulm 18461 January 1997[17]16 March 1999[17]75361821048.00[19][21][25]
VfB Stuttgart3 May 1999[15]24 February 2001[29]86361634041.86[23]
Hannover 9623 May 2001[32]8 March 2004[36]98442232044.90[38]
Schalke 0428 September 2004[39]12 December 2005[44]65361514055.38[45]
1899 Hoffenheim22 June 2006[46]2 January 2011[57]166794344047.59[60]
Schalke 0421 March 2011[61]22 September 2011[67]2310310043.48[45]
RB Leipzig29 May 2015[70]16 May 2016[74]362178058.33[75]
RB Leipzig9 July 2018[76]30 June 201952291310055.77[75]
Manchester United (interim)2 December 2021present10631060.00[116]
Total732351168213047.95

Honours

Manager

Ulm 1846[117]

VfB Stuttgart[117]

Hannover 96[117]

Schalke 04[117]

RB Leipzig[117]

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External links