Wiki English 2023: Main Page
Wiki EnglishWiki DeutschWiki Nederlands

117°16′50.1″E / 31.821972°N 117.280583°E / 31.821972; 117.280583

The University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) is a public research university in Hefei, Anhui, China. The university is affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and co-funded by the academy, the Ministry of Education, and the Anhui Provincial Government.

University of Science and Technology of China
中国科学技术大学
Logo of University of Science and Technology of China.svg
Motto红专并进,理实交融
Motto in English
Being both responsible and professional, integrating theory with practice
TypePublic
Established1958; 64 years ago (1958)
PresidentBao Xinhe
Academic staff
2621[1]
Students15,500
Undergraduates7,400
Postgraduates8,100
Location, ,
CampusUrban
AffiliationsC9, AEARU, APRU
Websiteustc.edu.cn
ustc.edu
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中国科学技术大学
Traditional Chinese中國科學技術大學
Zhongguokeda
Simplified Chinese中国科大
Traditional Chinese中國科大
Old North gate of the East Campus

Founded in Beijing by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in September 1958, the university moved to Hefei in the beginning of 1970 during the Cultural Revolution.[2] The university was founded with the mission of addressing urgent needs to improve China's economy, defense infrastructure, and science and technology education. Its core strength is scientific and technological research, and more recently has expanded into humanities and management with a strong scientific and engineering emphasis. The university has 13 schools, 11 national research platforms, 8 science-education integration colleges, and 5 joint cooperative institutes with local governments.[3] The university is a member of C9 League and the Double First Class University Plan.[4][5]

The University of Science and Technology of China is consistently ranked in the world's top 100 universities in the most-widely read university rankings in the world such as the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the QS World University Rankings.[6][7][8] Regarding scientific research output, the Nature Index 2022 ranks USTC the No.2 university in China and the Asia Pacific region, and 5th in the world among the global universities (after Harvard, Stanford, MIT, and UCAS).[9] Because of its dominant leadership position and reputation in Science & Engineering research, USTC is often being described as “the Caltech of China”.[10]

History

The university was founded in Beijing by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in September 1958. The Director of CAS, Mr. Guo Moruo was appointed the first president of USTC. USTC's founding mission was to develop a high-level science and technology workforce, as deemed critical for development of China's economy, defense, and science and technology education. The establishment was hailed as "A Major Event in the History of Chinese Education and Science." CAS has supported USTC by combining most of its institutes with the departments of the university. In 1959, USTC was listed in the top 16 national key universities, becoming the youngest national key university.[11]

Administration

Presidents:[12]

Present

 
A sculpture near the library on the East Campus

Since its participation in the CAS Experimental Program of Knowledge Innovation, USTC has achieved a batch of important and innovative results in the basic research of nano science and technology,[14] quantum information science, life science research, fire science and fire protection technology, polar scientific investigation and research, bio-mass clean energy research.

Rankings and reputation

General Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[15]62 (2022)
QS World[16]93 (2021)
THE World[17]74 (2023)
THE Reputation[18]51-60 (2021)
USNWR Global[19]102 (2023)
Regional – Overall
ARWU Asia[20]7 (2022)
QS BRICS[21]4 (2019)
THE Asia[22]10 (2020)
THE Emerging Economies[23]4 (2020)
National – Overall
THE National[24]4 (2021)
USNWR National[19]4 (2021)

USTC is generally considered one of the most competitive universities in the country,[25] and consistently ranked among the top universities in Asia according to several major international university rankings.[26][27] The joint THE-QS World University Rankings 2005 ranked USTC 4th in China (after Peking, Tsinghua and Fudan), 13th in Asia and 93rd in the world.[28] The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011 placed USTC 49th in the world, 7th in Asia and 2nd in China after Peking.[29] It ranked 10th in Asia and 4th in Emerging countries & Mainland China after (Tsinghua, Peking and Zhejiang) in 2020 by Times Higher Education.[30][31]

As of 2022, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked USTC 74th overall in the world.[6] The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as the "Shanghai Ranking", placed USTC 62nd in the world, 7th in Asia , and 5th in China.[7] The 2022 QS World University Rankings ranked USTC 93rd overall in the world.[8] The 2023 US News Best Global Universities ranked USTC 102nd overall in the world and 5th in Mainland China.[32] USTC is regarded as one of the most reputable Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where they ranked 51-60th globally.[33]

Research Strength and Subject Rankings

USTC has taken a leading position among Chinese universities on the number of high-quality research papers in science and engineering published internationally and in the citation rate of the papers. For example, the Nature Index Annual Tables 2022, which measures the largest groups of papers published in 82 leading high-quality science journals,[34] ranks USTC the No.2 university in China and the Asia Pacific region, and 4th in the world among the global universities (after Harvard, Stanford, MIT, and UCAS).[9] In 2021, USTC is ranked 57th globally by the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities with "Engineering" & "Life Science" related-fields ranked in the global top 10.[35]

In the 2021 ARWU Global Ranking of Academic Subjects, the USTC had six disciplines in the world's top 20, 14 disciplines in the world's top 50 and 18 disciplines in the world's top 100.[36]

ARWU Discipline Rankings[36]
Subjects2021
Global Ranking
Nanoscience and Technology4
Chemistry8
Energy Science and Engineering8
Materials Science and Engineering13
Mechanical Engineering17
Chemical Engineering18
Computer Science and Engineering24
Library & Information Science25
Metallurgical Engineering25
Biomedical Engineering29
Instruments Science & Technology30
Physics30
Transportation Science & Technology38
Telecommunication Engineering42
Automation & Control51-75
Mathematics51-75
Earth Science51–75
Environmental Science & Engineering51-75
Electrical & Electronic Engineering101-150
Management101-150
Atmospheric Science151-200
Biotechnology151-200
Statistics151-200
Civil Engineering201-300
Economics201-300
Biological Sciences301-400
Business Administration301-400
Human Biological Sciences301-400
Medical Technology301-400
Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences301-400
Agricultural Sciences401-500

Laboratories

Only the National Laboratories, State Key Laboratories, and Key Laboratories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences are listed below, among which the National Laboratories have the highest qualification. USTC is the only university in mainland China which possess two National Laboratories at the same time.

National Laboratories (2)

  • The National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory[37]
  • Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale (under construction).[38]

State Key Laboratories and Ministerial Level Units

  • The State Key Laboratory of Fire Science (SKLFS)[39]
  • National High Performance Computing Center (Hefei)[40]
  • National Engineering Laboratory of Speech and Language Information Processing[41]
  • The State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics (Under Construction)
  • Mengcheng National Geophysical Observatory
  • Microsoft Key Laboratory of Multimedia Computing and Communications, Ministry of Education

Key Laboratories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Schools and Departments

Highlights: USTC set up the first graduate school in China in 1978 to effectively cultivate its postgraduate students.

  • School for the Gifted Young[45]
  • School of Mathematical Sciences[46]
  • School of Physical Sciences[47]
    • Department of Modern Physics
    • Department of Astronomy
    • Department of Physics
    • Department of Optics and Optical Engineering
    • Physics Experiment Teaching Center
  • School of Chemistry and Materials Science[48]
    • Department of Chemistry
    • Department of Chemical Physics
    • Department of Materials Science and Engineering
    • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering
    • Chemical Experimental Teaching Center
  • School of Nuclear Science and Technology[49]
  • School of Life Science[50]
    • Molecular Biology and Cell Biology
    • Neurobiology and Biophysics
    • Systems Biology
    • Biomedicine and Biotechnology
  • School of Engineering Science[51]
    • Modern Mechanics
    • Thermal Science and Energy Engineering
    • Precision Machinery and Instrumentation
  • School of Information Science and Technology[52]
    • Electronic Science and Technology
    • Automation
    • Electrical Engineering and Information Science
    • Information Security
  • School of Computer Science and Technology[53]
    • Computer Science and Technology
  • School of Earth and Space Science[54]
    • Earth and Space Science
    • Faculty of Geochemistry and Environmental Science
  • School of Software Engineering[55]
  • School of Management[56]
    • Statistics and Finance
    • Management Science
    • Business Management (Information Management and Decision Science)
  • Humanities and Social Science[57]
    • Sci-tech Communication and Sci-tech Policy
    • The Teaching and Research Division of Marxism
    • Scientific History and Archaeometry
    • Center for Modern Art
  • School of Environment Science and Electrooptical Technology
  • School of Material Science and Engineering
  • Suzhou Institute for Advanced Study, USTC
  • Shanghai Institute for Advanced Studies, USTC
  • Institute of Advanced Technology, USTC
  • Continuing Education

Notable people

Alumni

Notable faculty members

  • Zhou Guangzhao (1929–) – Famous theoretical physicist, Vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China, Honorary President of USTC at present.
  • Yan Jici (1901–1996) – Pioneer of Modern physics research and education in China, former Vice-president, President and Honorary President of USTC.
  • Qian Linzhao (1906–1999) – Famous physicist and educator, pioneer of scientific history and education in China, former Vice-president of USTC.
  • Hua Luogeng (1910–1985) – Pioneer of modern mathematics research and education in China, former Chairman of the Department of Mathematics and Vice-president of USTC.
  • Guo Moruo (1892–1978) – A Chinese author, poet, historian, archaeologist, the first president of USTC.
  • Meng Xuenong (1948–) – Former Mayor of Beijing, and former Governor of Shanxi Province
  • Qian Xuesen (1911–2009) – Father of missiles of China, former Chairman of the Department of Mechanics with USTC.
  • Zhao Zhongyao (1902–1998) – Pioneer of modern particle physics research and education in China, one of the first in the world to find positrons, former Chairman of the Department of Modern Physics with USTC.

See also

References

  1. ^ "中国科学技术大学人力资源部". hr.ustc.edu.cn.
  2. ^ "ABOUT at the University of Science and Technology of China". Archived from the original on 2011-05-28.
  3. ^ "院系介绍-中国科学技术大学". University of Science and Technology of China. Archived from the original on 2022-11-25. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  4. ^ "Best universities in China 2018". Times Higher Education. 6 September 2017.
  5. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设学科名单的通知 - 中华人民共和国教育部政府门户网站". www.moe.gov.cn.
  6. ^ a b "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2022-10-04. Retrieved 2022-10-13.
  7. ^ a b "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2022-10-13.
  8. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2021 Results". February 2017.
  9. ^ a b "2022 tables: Institutions - academic | Annual tables | Nature Index". www.natureindex.com. Retrieved 2022-07-14.
  10. ^ "Science vs. the state: a family saga at the Caltech of China". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  11. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China(USTC)". Archived from the original on 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
  12. ^ "China Vitae". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  13. ^ "国务院任免国家工作人员(2017年6月9日)".
  14. ^ "提示信息". Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2007-03-07.
  15. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". www.shanghairanking.com.
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2021 : Top Global Universities". Top Universities.
  17. ^ "World University Rankings". 20 August 2019.
  18. ^ "THE Reputation World University Rankings 2021". October 27, 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  19. ^ a b https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/university-of-science-and-technology-of-china-505547[bare URL]
  20. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". www.shanghairanking.com.
  21. ^ "QS University Rankings: BRICS 2019". Top Universities.
  22. ^ "Asia University Rankings". 2018-02-05.
  23. ^ "THE Emerging University Rankings 2020". 22 January 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  24. ^ "World University Rankings". 25 August 2020.
  25. ^ "China University Ranking - China Education Center". www.chinaeducenter.com. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  26. ^ "QS Asia World University Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  27. ^ "Asia University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2021-05-18. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  28. ^ "Times Higher Education: WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS 2005". www.timeshighereducation.co.uk. October 7, 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09.
  29. ^ "World University Rankings 2011". Times Higher Education (THE). 13 April 2015. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  30. ^ "Asia University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2020-05-28. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  31. ^ "Emerging Economies". Times Higher Education (THE). 2020-01-22. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  32. ^ "US News Best Global Universities 2022-2023 Results". US News. Retrieved 2022-10-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  33. ^ "World Reputation Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2021-10-25. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  34. ^ "FAQ | Nature Index". www.natureindex.com. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  35. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China". nturanking.csti.tw. Retrieved 2021-08-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  36. ^ a b "ShanghaiRanking-University of Science and Technology of China". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 2021-05-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  37. ^ "National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  38. ^ "Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  39. ^ "State Key Laboratory of Fire Science". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  40. ^ "National High Performance Computing Center at Hefei". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  41. ^ jumbot,随风缘. "语音及语言信息处理国家工程实验室 -". Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  42. ^ "Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, USTC, CAS". Archived from the original on 2011-08-20.
  43. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China(USTC)". Archived from the original on 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
  44. ^ "中国科学技术大学等离子体物理实验室". Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  45. ^ "School of Gifted Young, USTC". en.scgy.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  46. ^ "School of Mathematical Sciences, USTC". math.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-22.
  47. ^ "School of Physical Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  48. ^ "School of Chemistry and Materials Science". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  49. ^ "School of Nuclear Science and Technology". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  50. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China". en.biox.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  51. ^ "School of Engineering Science USTC". en.ses.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  52. ^ "Welcome to School of Information Science and Technology!". en.sist.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  53. ^ "School of Computer Science and Technology, USTC". en.cs.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  54. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China". en.ess.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  55. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China". sse_en.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  56. ^ "The School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China". en.business.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  57. ^ "University of Science and Technology of China". en.hsss.ustc.edu.cn. Retrieved 2016-03-13.

External links

#Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Wiki (Study in China) is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article University of Science and Technology of China, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license ("CC BY-SA 3.0"); additional terms may apply. (view authors). Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.

🔥 Top trends keywords English Wiki:

Main Page2022 FIFA World CupSpecial:SearchIrene CaraFIFA World CupWednesday (TV series)Jenna OrtegaLionel MessiHervé RenardKylian MbappéNick Fuentes2026 FIFA World CupCristiano RonaldoArgentina national football team2018 FIFA World CupAlexis Mac AllisterWiki:Featured picturesGuillermo OchoaCleopatraConstitution Day (India)List of FIFA World Cup finalsYusra MardiniRobert LewandowskiKantara (film)YouTubeSaudi Arabia national football teamFrance national football teamQatarThe Guardians of the Galaxy Holiday SpecialDeaths in 2022Bhediya (film)Drishyam 2 (2022 film)Mexico national football teamBlack Panther: Wakanda ForeverVikram GokhaleSurvivor Series WarGames1899 (TV series)ArgentinaMatt Rhule2014 FIFA World CupMichigan–Ohio State football rivalryThe Addams FamilyChristina RicciDiego MaradonaFIFA World Cup top goalscorersFIFAGwendoline ChristieMatty CashNeymarTunisia2010 FIFA World Cup2030 FIFA World CupDoddie WeirList of A Certain Magical Index charactersSaudi ArabiaBrazil national football teamConrad PalmisanoEnzo Fernández (footballer, born 2001)J. J. McCarthyWednesday AddamsPoland national football teamAnsel AdamsNullMitchell Duke2008 Mumbai attacksElon Musk2006 FIFA World CupFIFA Men's World RankingCatherine Zeta-JonesGlass Onion: A Knives Out MysteryAndor (TV series)Christina ApplegateHugh FreezeAberfan disasterKris WuOlivier Giroud2002 FIFA World CupMohamed Al-FayedBlack Adam (film)🡆 More