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This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by land, water and total area, ranked by total area.

Dymaxion map of the world with the 30 largest countries and territories by total area according to the table below, roughly to scale

The top 10 largest countries occupy nearly half of the world's land

  Russia (11%)
  China (6.3%)
  United States (6.1%)
  Canada (6.1%)
  Brazil (5.6%)
  Australia (5.2%)
  India (2.0%)
  Argentina (1.8%)
  Kazakhstan (1.8%)
  Algeria (1.6%)
  Other (52.5%)

Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. All 193 member states of the United Nations plus the two observer states are given a rank number. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "notes" column for each country for clarification.

Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica or entities such as the European Union[Note 1] that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories.

This list includes three measurements of area:

  • Total area: the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines.
  • Land area: the aggregate of all land within international boundaries and coastlines, excluding water area.
  • Water area: the sum of the surface areas of all inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, and rivers) within international boundaries and coastlines.[2] Coastal internal waters may be included. Territorial seas are not included unless otherwise noted. Contiguous zones and exclusive economic zones are not included.

Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division unless otherwise noted.[3]

Map

 
World map, except Antarctica, colour-coded by areas of countries in square kilometres.

Countries and dependencies by area

RankCountry / dependencyTotal in km2 (mi2)Land in km2 (mi2)Water in km2 (mi2)% waterNotes
World510,072,000 (196,940,000)148,940,000 (57,510,000)361,132,000 (139,434,000)70.8
1  Russia17,098,246 (6,601,670)16,378,410 (6,323,740)719,836 (277,930)4.21Largest country in the world with 10.995% (about 1/9th) of the world's land mass; its European portion is roughly 4,000,000 km2, which is around 40% of the total landmass of Europe, making Russia the largest country in Europe; and its Asian portion, which covers all of Northern Asia, is around 13,100,000 km2, making Russia the largest country in Asia.
  Antarctica14,200,000 (5,500,000)14,200,000 (5,500,000)0 (0)013,916,000 km2 (5,373,000 sq mi) (98%) of the land area is covered by ice and snow. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries.[Note 2]
2  Canada[Note 3]9,984,670 (3,855,100)9,093,507 (3,511,023)891,163 (344,080)8.93Largest English- and largest French-speaking country; largest country completely in the Western Hemisphere by total area (second-largest by land area after the United States); with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, nor territorial waters of 200,000 km2.[4][5]
3/4  China9,596,961 (3,705,407)9,326,410 (3,600,950)270,550 (104,460)2.82Largest country entirely in Asia, and second-largest country in the world by land area. Excludes Taiwan, disputed territories with India, and disputed islands in the South China Sea. Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters.[Note 4]
  United States9,525,067 (3,677,649) –
9,833,517 (3,796,742)[7]
9,147,593 (3,531,905) –
9,147,643 (3,531,925)[7]
377,424 (145,724) –
685,924 (264,837)[7]
3.96–6.97Largest English-speaking country by land area and largest country in the Western Hemisphere by land area (second-largest by total area after Canada). Secondary figures for total area and water area include all coastal and territorial waters.[Note 4]
5  Brazil8,515,767 (3,287,956)8,460,415 (3,266,584)55,352 (21,372)0.65Largest Portuguese-speaking country, largest country in South America, largest country in the Southern Hemisphere,[Note 5] and the largest contiguous territory in the Americas.[11]
6  Australia7,692,024 (2,969,907)7,633,565 (2,947,336)58,459 (22,571)0.76Third-largest English-speaking country and largest country in Oceania, largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.[Note 6]
7  India3,287,263 (1,269,219)2,973,190 (1,147,960)314,073 (121,264)9.55Second-largest country entirely in Asia and largest country in South Asia.[Note 7] Largest Hindi-speaking country and most populous Hindu country.
8  Argentina2,780,400 (1,073,500)2,736,690 (1,056,640)43,710 (16,880)1.57Largest Spanish-speaking country and second-largest country in South America.[Note 8]
9  Kazakhstan2,724,900 (1,052,100)2,699,700 (1,042,400)25,200 (9,700)0.92Largest landlocked country.[16] The world's largest Muslim-majority country by land area (and the northernmost). Second-largest Russian-speaking country after Russia, and the largest country in Central Asia. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.
10  Algeria2,381,741 (919,595)2,381,741 (919,595)0 (0)0Largest country in Africa; also largest in the Arab world and the Mediterranean Basin.[Note 9]
11  Democratic Republic of the Congo2,344,858 (905,355)2,267,048 (875,312)77,810 (30,040)3.32Second-largest French-speaking country. Largest country in Central and Sub-Saharan Africa. Second-largest country in Africa, has the largest French-speaking city (Kinshasa).
  Kingdom of Denmark2,220,093 (857,183)2,220,072 (857,175)21 (8.1)0UN figure does not include the entire Kingdom area.
  Greenland (Denmark)2,166,086 (836,330)2,166,086 (836,330)[Note 10]0 (0)0Largest island in the world, largest territory in the Kingdom of Denmark, and the largest inhabited non-sovereign territory in the world.
12  Saudi Arabia2,149,690 (830,000)2,149,690 (830,000)0 (0)0Largest country in Western Asia. Second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria.
13  Mexico1,964,375 (758,449)1,943,945 (750,561)20,430 (7,890)1.04Second-largest Spanish-speaking country by area after Argentina; largest Spanish-speaking country by number of speakers.
14  Indonesia1,904,569 (735,358)1,811,569 (699,451)93,000 (36,000)4.87Transcontinental country located in Asia and Oceania. Largest country in Southeast Asia. Largest island country and archipelagic state in the world by area and population.[18]
15  Sudan1,861,484 (718,723)1,731,671 (668,602)129,813 (50,121)6.97 [Note 11]Third-largest country in Africa and third-largest in the Arab world.[1][19]
16  Libya1,759,540 (679,360)1,759,540 (679,360)0 (0)0
17  Iran1,648,195 (636,372)1,531,595 (591,352)116,600 (45,000)7.07Largest Persian-speaking country. Second-largest country in Western Asia and fourth-largest completely in Asia after China, India, and Saudi Arabia. [Note 12]
18  Mongolia1,564,110 (603,910)1,553,556 (599,831)10,560 (4,080)0.68Second-largest landlocked country and largest that does not border a closed sea.
19  Peru1,285,216 (496,225)1,279,996 (494,209)5,220 (2,020)0.41Third-largest Spanish-speaking country and third-largest country in South America.
20  Chad1,284,000 (496,000)1,259,200 (486,200)24,800 (9,600)1.93Third-largest landlocked country and largest outside of Asia. Fifth-largest country in Africa.
21  Niger1,267,000 (489,000)1,266,700 (489,100)300 (120)0.02Largest country in West Africa.
22  Angola1,246,700 (481,400)1,246,700 (481,400)0 (0)0
23  Mali1,240,192 (478,841)1,220,190 (471,120)20,002 (7,723)1.61
24  South Africa1,221,037 (471,445)1,214,470 (468,910)4,620 (1,780)0.38Largest country in Southern Africa.
25  Colombia1,141,748 (440,831)1,038,700 (401,000)100,210 (38,690)8.8
26  Ethiopia1,104,300 (426,400)1,000,000 (390,000)104,300 (40,300)0.7Largest country in East Africa.[Note 13]
27  Bolivia1,098,581 (424,164)1,083,301 (418,265)15,280 (5,900)1.39
28  Mauritania1,030,700 (398,000)1,025,520 (395,960)4,480 (1,730)0.44
29  Egypt1,002,450 (387,050)995,450 (384,350)6,000 (2,300)0.6Transcontinental country located in Asia and Africa.
30  Tanzania945,087 (364,900)885,800 (342,000)61,500 (23,700)6.49
31  Nigeria923,768 (356,669)910,768 (351,649)13,000 (5,000)1.41
32  Venezuela916,445 (353,841)882,050 (340,560)30,000 (12,000)3.29[Note 14]
33  Pakistan881,913 (340,509)856,690 (330,770)25,223 (9,739)2.86[Note 15]
34  Namibia825,615 (318,772)823,290 (317,870)2,425 (936)0.12
35  Mozambique801,590 (309,500)786,380 (303,620)13,000 (5,000)1.63
36  Turkey783,562 (302,535)769,632 (297,157)13,930 (5,380)1.78Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.
37  Chile756,102 (291,933)743,812 (287,187)12,290 (4,750)1.63[Note 16]
38  Zambia752,612 (290,585)743,398 (287,028)9,220 (3,560)1.23
39  Myanmar676,578 (261,228)653,508 (252,321)23,070 (8,910)3.41
40  Afghanistan652,864 (252,072)652,864 (252,072)0 (0)0
41  South Sudan644,329 (248,777)644,329 (248,777)0 (0)0
[Note 11]
[Note 17][21]
42  France640,679 (247,368)640,427 (247,270)3,374 (1,303)0.52Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic.[Note 18] Third-largest country in Europe after Russia and Ukraine, and the largest country in the European Union.
43  Somalia637,657 (246,201)627,337 (242,216)10,320 (3,980)1.62Figures include Somaliland.
44  Central African Republic622,984 (240,535)622,984 (240,535)0 (0)0
45  Ukraine603,500 (233,000)579,300 (223,700)24,200 (9,300)4.01Second-largest country in Europe after Russia. The largest country entirely within Europe.
46  Madagascar587,041 (226,658)581,540 (224,530)5,501 (2,124)0.94Largest island country in Africa and 2nd largest island country in the world.
47  Botswana581,730 (224,610)566,730 (218,820)15,000 (5,800)2.58[Note 19]
48  Kenya580,367 (224,081)569,140 (219,750)11,227 (4,335)1.93
49  Yemen555,000 (214,000)555,000 (214,000)0 (0)0The second largest country in the Arabian Peninsula.[Note 20] The area before signing of the Jeddah Treaty was 527,968 square kilometers.
  France (metropolitan)543,940 (210,020)Metropolitan France (the part of France located in Europe)
50  Thailand513,120 (198,120)510,890 (197,260)2,230 (860)0.43
51  Spain505,992 (195,365)498,980 (192,660)6,390 (2,470)1.26

Largest country in Southern Europe and second-largest member state of European Union.

52  Turkmenistan488,100 (188,500)469,930 (181,440)18,170 (7,020)3.72
53  Cameroon475,442 (183,569)472,710 (182,510)2,730 (1,050)0.57
54  Papua New Guinea462,840 (178,700)452,860 (174,850)9,980 (3,850)2.16Third-largest island country in the world.
55  Sweden450,295 (173,860)410,335 (158,431)39,960 (15,430)8.87Largest country in Northern Europe. Third-largest member state of European Union.
56  Uzbekistan447,400 (172,700)425,400 (164,200)22,000 (8,500)4.92
57  Morocco446,550 (172,410)446,300 (172,300)250 (97)0.06Does not include the disputed Western Sahara, shown separately.[Note 21]
58  Iraq438,317 (169,235)437,367 (168,868)950 (370)0.22[Note 22]
59  Paraguay406,752 (157,048)397,302 (153,399)9,450 (3,650)2.32
60  Zimbabwe390,757 (150,872)386,847 (149,362)3,910 (1,510)1
61  Norway385,207 (148,729)365,957 (141,297)19,520 (7,540)5.00The Kingdom of Norway, including Jan Mayen and Svalbard, but excluding Bouvet Island and the Antarctic territorial claims of Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land.[Note 23]
62  Japan377,976 (145,937)364,546 (140,752)13,430 (5,190)3.55Largest island country in East Asia and the world's 4th largest island country.[Note 24]
63  Germany357,114 (137,882)348,672 (134,623)8,350 (3,220)2.34Largest country in Central Europe. Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany was 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany was 108,333 (41,828).
64  Republic of the Congo342,000 (132,000)341,500 (131,900)500 (190)0.15
65  Finland338,425 (130,667)303,816 (117,304)34,330 (13,250)10.15[Note 25]
66  Vietnam331,212 (127,882)310,070 (119,720)21,140 (8,160)6.38
67  Malaysia330,803 (127,724)329,613 (127,264)1,190 (460)0.35
  Norway (mainland)323,802 (125,021)304,282 (117,484)19,520 (7,540)6.03Mainland Norway, excluding Jan Mayen, Svalbard, and the dependencies.[Note 23]
68  Ivory Coast322,463 (124,504)318,003 (122,782)4,460 (1,720)1.38
69  Poland312,696 (120,733)311,888 (120,421)791 (305)3.07
70  Oman309,500 (119,500)309,500 (119,500)0 (0)0
71  Italy301,339 (116,348)294,140 (113,570)7,200 (2,800)2.39
72  Philippines300,000 (120,000)298,170 (115,120)1,830 (710)0.61
73  Ecuador276,841 (106,889)256,369 (98,985)6,720 (2,590)2.37[Note 26]
74  Burkina Faso274,222 (105,878)273,602 (105,638)620 (240)0.23[Note 27]
75  New Zealand270,467 (104,428)262,443 (101,330)4,395 (1,697)1.65[Note 28]
76  Gabon267,668 (103,347)257,667 (99,486)10,001 (3,861)3.74
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic266,000 (103,000)266,000 (103,000)0 (0)0Disputed territory. Administrative control is limited to approximately one-third of this area, with the remaining area controlled by Morocco.
77  Guinea245,857 (94,926)245,717 (94,872)140 (54)0.06
78  United Kingdom242,495 (93,628)241,930 (93,410)1,680 (650)0.69

Largest island country in Europe and Western Hemisphere.[Note 29]

79  Uganda241,550 (93,260)197,100 (76,100)43,938 (16,965)18.23
80  Ghana238,533 (92,098)227,533 (87,851)11,000 (4,200)4.61
81  Romania238,397 (92,046)231,291 (89,302)7,100 (2,700)2.97
82  Laos236,800 (91,400)230,800 (89,100)6,000 (2,300)2.53Only landlocked country in Southeast Asia.
83  Guyana214,969 (83,000)196,849 (76,004)18,120 (7,000)8.43
84  Belarus207,600 (80,200)202,900 (78,300)4,700 (1,800)2.26Largest landlocked country in Europe.
85  Kyrgyzstan199,951 (77,202)191,801 (74,055)8,150 (3,150)4.08
86  Senegal196,722 (75,955)192,530 (74,340)4,192 (1,619)2.13
87  Syria185,180 (71,500)183,630 (70,900)1,550 (600)0.84[Note 30]
88  Cambodia181,035 (69,898)176,515 (68,153)4,520 (1,750)2.5
89  Uruguay176,215 (68,037)175,015 (67,574)1,200 (460)0.68
  Somaliland176,120 (68,000)[Note 31]
90  Suriname163,820 (63,250)156,000 (60,000)7,820 (3,020)4.77Smallest country in South America.
91  Tunisia163,610 (63,170)155,360 (59,980)8,250 (3,190)5.04
92  Bangladesh148,460 (57,320)134,208 (51,818)14,252 (5,503)9.6[Note 32]
93  Nepal147,181 (56,827)143,351 (55,348)3,830 (1,480)2.6Nepal is the largest country in the Himalayan range. The Government of Nepal gives its area as 147,516 square kilometres (56,956 sq mi), which includes an additional 335 square kilometers of disputed territory under Indian administration.[31]
94  Tajikistan143,100 (55,300)141,510 (54,640)2,590 (1,000)1.81
95  Greece131,957 (50,949)130,647 (50,443)1,310 (510)0.99
96  Nicaragua130,373 (50,337)119,990 (46,330)10,380 (4,010)7.96Largest country in Central America.
97  North Korea120,540 (46,540)120,538 (46,540)2 (0.77)0.11Excludes claim on South Korea.
98  Malawi118,484 (45,747)94,080 (36,320)24,404 (9,422)20.6
99  Eritrea117,600 (45,400)101,000 (39,000)16,600 (6,400)14.12
100  Benin114,763 (44,310)114,305 (44,133)457.569 (176.668)0.40[Note 33]
101  Honduras112,492 (43,433)111,890 (43,200)200 (77)0.18
102  Liberia111,369 (43,000)96,320 (37,190)15,049 (5,810)13.51
103  Bulgaria111,002 (42,858)108,612 (41,935)2,390 (920)2.16
104  Cuba109,884 (42,426)109,884 (42,426)0 (0)0.00Largest country in the West Indies.
105  Guatemala108,889 (42,042)107,159 (41,374)1,730 (670)1.59
106  Iceland103,000 (40,000)100,250 (38,710)2,750 (1,060)2.67
107  South Korea100,210 (38,690)99,909 (38,575)301 (116)0.3Excludes claim on North Korea.
108  Hungary93,028 (35,918)89,608 (34,598)3,420 (1,320)3.68
109  Portugal92,226 (35,609)91,119 (35,181)1,107 (427)1.2
110  Jordan89,342 (34,495)88,802 (34,287)540 (210)0.6
111  Serbia88,361 (34,116)88,246 (34,072)115 (44)0.13The largest former Yugoslav and Serbo-Croatian-speaking country. Includes Kosovo. [Note 34]
112  Azerbaijan86,600 (33,400)86,100 (33,200)500 (190)0.13Largest country in Caucasus. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe. [Note 35]
113  Austria83,871 (32,383)82,445 (31,832)1,426 (551)1.7
114  United Arab Emirates83,600 (32,300)83,600 (32,300)0 (0)0
115  Czech Republic78,871 (30,452)77,199 (29,807)1,672 (646)2.12
116  Panama75,417 (29,119)74,340 (28,700)1,080 (420)1.43Transcontinental country in North America and South America.
117  Sierra Leone71,740 (27,700)71,620 (27,650)120 (46)0.17
118  Ireland70,273 (27,133)68,883 (26,596)1,390 (540)1.98The figure shown is for the Republic of Ireland; the island of Ireland is 84,421 km2 or 32,595 sq mi.[34]
119  Georgia69,700 (26,900)69,700 (26,900)0 (0)0Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.[Note 36]
120  Sri Lanka65,610 (25,330)62,732 (24,221)2,878 (1,111)4.4
121  Lithuania65,300 (25,200)62,680 (24,200)2,620 (1,010)4.01
122  Latvia64,559 (24,926)62,249 (24,034)2,340 (900)3.62
  Svalbard (Norway)62,045 (23,956)62,045 (23,956)0 (0)0[Note 37]
123  Togo56,785 (21,925)54,385 (20,998)2,400 (930)4.23
124  Croatia56,594 (21,851)55,974 (21,612)620 (240)1.1
125  Bosnia and Herzegovina51,209 (19,772)51,187 (19,763)10 (3.9)0.02
126  Costa Rica51,100 (19,700)51,060 (19,710)40 (15)0.08
127  Slovakia49,037 (18,933)48,105 (18,573)930 (360)1.9
128  Dominican Republic48,671 (18,792)48,320 (18,660)350 (140)0.72
129  Estonia45,227 (17,462)42,388 (16,366)2,840 (1,100)6.28
130  Denmark43,094 (16,639)42,434 (16,384)660 (250)1.53Includes Denmark proper only, but excludes the autonomous territories in the Kingdom of Denmark, shown separately.
131  Netherlands41,850 (16,160)33,893 (13,086)7,650 (2,950)18.41Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.[Note 38]
132  Switzerland41,284 (15,940)39,997 (15,443)1,280 (490)3.1[Note 39]
133  Bhutan38,394 (14,824)38,394 (14,824)0 (0)0
  Taiwan36,193 (13,974)32,260 (12,460)3,720 (1,440)10.34Between 1945 and 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan, and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi).[Note 40]
134  Guinea-Bissau36,125 (13,948)28,120 (10,860)8,005 (3,091)22.16
135  Moldova33,846 (13,068)32,891 (12,699)960 (370)2.84[Note 41]
136  Belgium30,528 (11,787)30,278 (11,690)250 (97)0.82
137  Lesotho30,355 (11,720)30,355 (11,720)0 (0)0
138  Armenia29,743 (11,484)28,342 (10,943)1,401 (541)4.71
139  Solomon Islands28,896 (11,157)27,986 (10,805)910 (350)3.15
140  Albania28,748 (11,100)27,398 (10,578)1,350 (520)4.7
141  Equatorial Guinea28,051 (10,831)28,051 (10,831)0 (0)0
142  Burundi27,834 (10,747)25,680 (9,920)2,150 (830)7.73
143  Haiti27,750 (10,710)27,560 (10,640)190 (73)0.68
144  Rwanda26,338 (10,169)24,668 (9,524)1,670 (640)6.34
145  North Macedonia25,713 (9,928)25,433 (9,820)280 (110)1.09
146  Djibouti23,200 (9,000)23,180 (8,950)20 (7.7)0.09
147  Belize22,966 (8,867)22,806 (8,805)160 (62)0.7
148  El Salvador21,041 (8,124)20,721 (8,000)320 (120)1.52Smallest country on the American continent.
149  Israel20,770 (8,020)20,330 (7,850)440 (170)2.12[Note 42]
150  Slovenia20,273 (7,827)20,151 (7,780)122 (47)0.6
  New Caledonia (France)18,575 (7,172)18,275 (7,056)300 (120)1.62
151  Fiji18,272 (7,055)18,274 (7,056)0 (0)0
152  Kuwait17,818 (6,880)17,818 (6,880)0 (0)0
153  Eswatini17,364 (6,704)17,204 (6,643)160 (62)0.92
154  East Timor14,919 (5,760)14,919 (5,760)0 (0)0
155  The Bahamas13,943 (5,383)10,010 (3,860)3,870 (1,490)27.88
156  Montenegro13,812 (5,333)13,452 (5,194)360 (140)2.61
157  Vanuatu12,189 (4,706)12,189 (4,706)0 (0)0
  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)12,173 (4,700)12,173 (4,700)0 (0)0
158  Qatar11,586 (4,473)11,586 (4,473)0 (0)0
159  The Gambia11,295 (4,361)10,000 (3,900)1,295 (500)11.47Smallest country in continental Africa.
160  Jamaica10,991 (4,244)10,831 (4,182)160 (62)1.46
  Kosovo10,887 (4,203)[Note 43]
161  Lebanon10,452 (4,036)10,230 (3,950)170 (66)1.63Second smallest country in continental Asia.
162  Cyprus9,251 (3,572)9,241 (3,568)10 (3.9)0.11[Note 44]
  Puerto Rico (United States)9,104 (3,515)9,104 (3,515)3,054 (1,179)35.2An American territory, the third-largest island of the United States after the Big Island of Hawaii and Kodiak Island of Alaska. Also the smallest part of Hispanic America.
  Abkhazia8,660 (3,340)[Note 45]
  French Southern Territories (France)7,747 (2,991)7,668 (2,961)79.8 (30.8)1.03Excludes claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica.[Note 46]
  United States Minor Outlying Islands6,959.41 (2,687.04)34.2 (13.2)6,937 (2,678)99.68
163  State of Palestine6,020 (2,320)6,000 (2,300)220 (85)3.9[Note 47]
164  Brunei5,765 (2,226)5,265 (2,033)500 (190)8.67
165  Trinidad and Tobago5,130 (1,980)5,128 (1,980)0 (0)0
  French Polynesia (France)4,167 (1,609)3,827 (1,478)340 (130)8.16
  Transnistria4,163 (1,607)[Note 48]
166  Cape Verde4,033 (1,557)4,033 (1,557)0 (0)0
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom)3,903 (1,507)3,903 (1,507)0 (0)0[Note 17]
  South Ossetia3,900 (1,500)[Note 49]
  Northern Cyprus3,355 (1,295)[Note 50]
  Artsakh3,170 (1,220)3,170 (1,220)--Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan, and has no international recognition as a state
167  Samoa2,842 (1,097)2,821 (1,089)10 (3.9)0.35
  Hong Kong (China)2,755 (1,064)1,106 (427)1,649 (637) [41]59.8
168  Luxembourg2,586 (998)2,586 (998)0 (0)0The smallest country that is not a European microstate or island country.
 Bir Tawil (terra nullius)2,060 (800)2,060 (800)0 (0)0
169  Mauritius2,040 (790)2,030 (780)10 (3.9)0.49[Note 51]
170  Comoros1,862 (719)1,862 (719)0 (0)0[Note 52]
  Åland Islands (Finland)1,580 (610)[Note 53]
  Faroe Islands (Denmark)1,393 (538)1,393 (538)NegligibleNegligible[Note 54]
171  São Tomé and Príncipe964 (372)964 (372)0 (0)0
  Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom)948 (366)430 (170)0 (0)0[Note 17]
172  Kiribati811 (313)811 (313)0 (0)0[Note 55]
173  Bahrain785 (303)785 (303)0 (0)0
174  Dominica751 (290)751 (290)0 (0)0
175  Tonga747 (288)717 (277)30 (12)4.02
176  Singapore728 (281)716 (276)10 (3.9)1.43
177  Federated States of Micronesia702 (271)702 (271)NegligibleNegligible
178  Saint Lucia616 (238)606 (234)10 (3.9)1.62[Note 56]
  Isle of Man (British Crown dependency)572 (221)572 (221)0 (0)0
  Guam (United States)549 (212)544 (210)0 (0)0
179  Andorra468 (181)468 (181)0 (0)0European microstate.
  Northern Mariana Islands (United States)464 (179)464 (179)0 (0)0
180  Palau459 (177)459 (177)0 (0)0
181  Seychelles452 (175)455 (176)0 (0)0Smallest country in Africa.
  Curaçao (Netherlands)444 (171)444 (171)0 (0)0[Note 38]
182  Antigua and Barbuda442 (171)442.6 (170.9)0 (0)0
183  Barbados430 (170)431 (166)0 (0)0
  Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia)412 (159)412 (159)0 (0)0[Note 17]
184  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389 (150)389 (150)0 (0)0
  Jan Mayen (Norway)377 (146)377 (146)0 (0)0
  U.S. Virgin Islands (United States)347 (134)346 (134)1,564 (604)81.88
185  Grenada344 (133)344 (133)0 (0)0
186  Malta316 (122)316 (122)0 (0)0European microstate. Smallest European Union member state.
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)308 (119)308 (119)0 (0)0[Note 57]
187  Maldives300 (120)298 (115)0 (0)0Smallest country in Asia.
  Bonaire (Netherlands)294 (114)294 (114)0 (0)0[Note 38]
  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)264 (102)264 (102)0 (0)0
188  Saint Kitts and Nevis261 (101)261 (101)0 (0)0Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
  Niue (New Zealand)260 (100)260 (100)0 (0)0[Note 58]
  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (United Kingdom)253.8 (98.0)not determinednot determinednot determinedThere is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)242 (93)242 (93)0 (0)0
  Cook Islands (New Zealand)236 (91)236 (91)0 (0)0[Note 59]
  American Samoa (United States)199 (77)199 (77)0 (0)0
189  Marshall Islands181 (70)181 (70)11,673 (4,507)98.47
  Aruba (Netherlands)180 (69)180 (69)0 (0)0[Note 38]
190  Liechtenstein160 (62)160 (62)0 (0)0European microstate.
  British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)151 (58)151 (58)0 (0)0
  Wallis and Futuna (France)142 (55)142 (55)0 (0)0
  Christmas Island (Australia)135 (52)135 (52)0 (0)0[Note 60]
  Jersey (British Crown dependency)116 (45)116 (45)0 (0)0
  Montserrat (United Kingdom)102 (39)102 (39)0 (0)0
  Anguilla (United Kingdom)91 (35)91 (35)0 (0)0
  Guernsey (British Crown dependency)78 (30)78 (30)0 (0)0
191  San Marino61 (24)61 (24)0 (0)0European microstate.
  British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom)60 (23)60 (23)54,340 (20,980)99.89[Note 61]
  Saint Martin (France)54 (21)54.4 (21.0)NegligibleNegligible[Note 17]
  Bermuda (United Kingdom)54 (21)54 (21)0 (0)0
  Bouvet Island (Norway)49 (19)49 (19)0 (0)0[Note 17]
  Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom)47 (18)47 (18)0 (0)0[Note 62]
  Norfolk Island (Australia)36 (14)36 (14)0 (0)0
  Sint Maarten (Netherlands)34 (13)34 (13)0 (0)0[Note 38]
  Macau (China)31.3 (12.1)28.2 (10.9)0 (0)0[Note 63]
192  Tuvalu26 (10)26 (10)0 (0)0Smallest Commonwealth realm.
193  Nauru21 (8.1)21 (8.1)0 (0)0Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that is not a city-state
  Saint Barthélemy (France)21 (8.1)not determinednot determinednot determined[Note 17]
  Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)21 (8.1)not determinednot determinednot determined[Note 38]
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)14 (5.4)14 (5.4)0 (0)0[Note 60]
  Saba (Netherlands)13 (5.0)not determinednot determinednot determined[Note 38]
  Tokelau (New Zealand)12 (4.6)12 (4.6)0 (0)0
  Gibraltar (United Kingdom)6 (2.3)6.5 (2.5)0 (0)0British Overseas Territory
  Clipperton Island (France)6 (2.3)2 (0.77)4 (1.5)66.67
  Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia)5 (1.9)5 (1.9)0 (0)0
 Spratly Islands (disputed)< 5
(< 1.9)
< 5
(< 1.9)
0 (0)0
  Coral Sea Islands (Australia)< 3
(< 1.2)
< 3
(< 1.2)
0 (0)0
194  Monaco2.02 (0.78)2.02 (0.78)0 (0)0European microstate. Smallest country with a coastline. Smallest United Nations member state.
195  Vatican City0.49 (0.19)0.49 (0.19)0 (0)0European microstate. Smallest country in the world.[Note 64]

Charts

The charts below are based on the CIA World Factbook[44] as of 15 February 2005.

Sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, and are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included.

Countries larger than 1.5 million km2

MongoliaIranLibyaSudanIndonesiaMexicoSaudi ArabiaGreenlandDemocratic Republic of the CongoAlgeriaKazakhstanArgentinaIndiaEuropean UnionAustraliaBrazilGeography of China#Boundary disputesChinaUnited StatesCanadaAntarcticaRussia

Countries between 100,000 km2 and 1.5 million km2

South KoreaIcelandGuatemalaCubaBulgariaLiberiaHondurasBeninEritreaMalawiNorth KoreaNicaraguaGreeceTajikistanNepalBangladeshTunisiaSurinameUruguayCambodiaSyriaSenegalKyrgyzstanBelarusGuyanaLaosRomaniaGhanaUgandaUnited KingdomGuineaWestern SaharaGabonNew ZealandBurkina FasoEcuadorPhilippinesItalyOmanPolandCôte d'IvoireNorwayMalaysiaVietnamFinlandRepublic of the CongoGermanyJapanZimbabweParaguayIraqMoroccoUzbekistanSwedenPapua New GuineaCameroonTurkmenistanSpainThailandYemenFranceKenyaBotswanaMadagascarUkraineCentral African RepublicSomaliaSouth SudanAfghanistanBurmaZambiaChileTurkeyMozambiqueNamibiaPakistanVenezuelaNigeriaTanzaniaEgyptMauritaniaBoliviaEthiopiaColombiaSouth AfricaMaliAngolaNigerChadPeru

See also

Explanatory notes

Notably, Encyclopædia Britannica specifies the United States' area (excluding coastal and territorial waters) as 9,525,067 km2, which is less than either source's figure given for China's area.[7] Therefore, while it can be determined that China has a larger area excluding coastal and territorial waters, it is unclear which country has a larger area including coastal and territorial waters.


The United Nations Statistics Division's figure for the United States is 9,833,517 km2 and China is 9,596,961 km2. These closely match the CIA World Factbook figures and similarly include coastal and territorial waters for the United States, but exclude coastal and territorial waters for China.


A discrepancy was deduced from comparing the CIA World Factbook and its previous iterations[10] against the information for United States in Encyclopædia Britannica, particularly its footnote section.[7] In sum, according to older versions of the CIA World Factbook (from 1982 to 1996), the U.S. was listed as the world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and China) with a total area of 9,372,610 km2. However, in the 1997 edition, the U.S. added coastal waters to its total area (increasing it to 9,629,091 km2). And then again in 2007, the U.S. added territorial water to its total area (increasing it to 9,833,517 km2). During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no coastal or territorial water area was added to China's total area figure. The United States has a coastal water area of 109,362 km2, and a territorial water area of 195,213 km2, for a total of 304,575 km2 of additional water space. This is larger than entire countries like Italy, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Adding this figure to the U.S. will boost it over China in ranking since China's coastal and territorial water figures are currently unknown (no official publication) and thus cannot be added into China's total area figure.

  • ^ Approx. 7% of Brazil's land is located in the Northern Hemisphere. Its Southern Hemisphere portion (approx. 7,920,000 km2) is still significantly bigger than Australia. Although the U.S. has American Samoa, Jarvis Island, and a small portion of its territorial sea south of Baker Island in the Southern Hemisphere, it is not generally regarded as a Southern Hemisphere country.
  • ^ Figures exclude the external territories of Norfolk Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands,[12] each shown separately. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi). The UN's previous data,[13] as well as the current data shown by the World Bank and the CIA,[1][14] give the figure as 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,900 sq mi).
  • ^ The total area given is from Encyclopædia Britannica and includes disputed territories not under Indian control but claimed by India. The total area claimed by India, according to the figure given by the United Nations and the Indian government, totals 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi).[15]
  • ^ Excludes claims on Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), on Malvinas/Falkland Islands (12,173 km2 or 4,700 sq mi) and on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (3,903 km2 or 1,507 sq mi).
  • ^ The area of internal waters is officially reported as 0[17] even though several seasonal lakes and permanent reservoirs exist in the country.
  • ^ A total of 1,755,636 km2 (677,855 sq mi) (81%) of the land area is covered by ice; the ice-free area amounts to 410,450 km2 (158,480 sq mi).[14]
  • ^ a b The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  • ^ The area given is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][13] The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  • ^ Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km2 or 5,400 sq mi).
  • ^ Excludes claims on Guayana Esequiba (160,000 km2 or 62,000 sq mi)
  • ^ By default, internationally sourced and published statistics include data for the Pakistani-administered territories of Kashmir: Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit-Baltistan (72,971 km2 or 28,174 sq mi) in this area value.[20] Further including Pakistani claims over the Indian-administered territories of Jammu and Kashmir (42,241 km2 or 16,309 sq mi) and Ladakh (59,146 km2 or 22,836 sq mi) would produce a total land area figure of 984,010 km2 (379,928 sq mi), and a total area figure of 1,009,230 km2 (389,666 sq mi) for the country. Excluding all of these territories in the disputed Kashmir region (including Pakistani-administered territories) would produce a land area figure of 796,355 km2 (307,473 sq mi) and a total area figure of 821,575 km2 (317,212 sq mi). The total area figure is equal to Pakistan's land area added to its water area of 25,220 km2 (9,740 sq mi).
  • ^ Excludes claims in Antarctica.
  • ^ a b c d e f g Figures shown in this entry are taken from the CIA.[1]
  • ^ Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).[1] Another source, the French Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies), gives an area figure of 632,759 km2 (244,310 sq mi).[22] (The CIA gives a water area of metropolitan France as 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi).)
  • ^ All figures are those cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization.[23]
  • ^ All figures are those cited by the International Atomic Energy Agency.[24]
  • ^ If the whole of Western Sahara is included (which Morocco controls approximately two-thirds of), the area would be 710,800 km2 (274,460 sq mi) and the rank would be #39.
  • ^ Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[1][13] The UN figure of 435,244 km2 (168,049 sq mi) excludes the three autonomous provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  • ^ a b Figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook; the UN data refers to mainland area only. All figures exclude Bouvet Island (49 km2 or 19 sq mi), Jan Mayen (377 km2 or 146 sq mi), and Svalbard (62,045 km2 or 23,956 sq mi), shown separately, and the Antarctic territorial claims of Peter I Island (154 km2 or 59 sq mi) and Queen Maud Land (2,700,000 km2 or 1,000,000 sq mi).
  • ^ Figure shown is from the 2020 (Reiwa 2) Geospatial Information Authority of Japan.[25][26]
  • ^ Includes Åland (1,552 km2 or 599 sq mi).
  • ^ May or may not include the Galápagos Islands (7,880 km2 or 3,040 sq mi). The 2007 data,[13] as well as the current data given by the CIA, explicitly includes the Galápagos and gives the figure as 283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi).[1]
  • ^ The total area figure is that reported by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography of Burkina Faso (INSD).[27] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization[28] and the land area is taken to be the difference between these two figures.
  • ^ The government gives the total figure as 266,838 square kilometres (103,027 sq mi).[29] CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi). All figures exclude Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau, shown separately, as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency.
  • ^ Does not include the three Crown dependencies (768 km2 or 297 sq mi) or the 14 overseas territories (1,742,857 km2 or 672,921 sq mi), each shown separately.
  • ^ Includes the parts of the Golan Heights (1,295 km2 or 500 sq mi) occupied by Israel.
  • ^ Somaliland is claimed in whole by Somalia, and has no international recognition
  • ^ Area according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is 147,570 km2 or 56,980 sq mi.[30]
  • ^ Benin's official total area increased from 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi) to 114,763 km2 (44,310 sq mi) following the resolution of the Lete Island dispute in 2005.[32] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization[33] and the land area is the difference between these two figures, rounded to the nearest square kilometre.
  • ^ The figure shown includes the area of Kosovo and Metohija 10,887 km2 or 4,203 sq mi). The area of Serbia without Kosovo is 77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi).[1]
  • ^ The figure shown includes the area of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (3,000 km2 or 1,200 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Azerbaijan.
  • ^ The figure shown includes the areas of Abkhazia (8,660 km2 or 3,340 sq mi)[35] and South Ossetia (3,900 km2 or 1,500 sq mi),[36] both de facto independent from Georgia.
  • ^ The UN gives a combined area for Svalbard and Jan Mayen as 62,422 km2 (24,101 sq mi). The separate figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook.[1]
  • ^ a b c d e f g Data for the Netherlands is from the Central Bureau of Statistics.[37] Source gives area of European Netherlands as 41,528 km2 (16,034 sq mi) and lists the three special municipalities separately, whose areas sum to 322 km2 (124 sq mi). Adding these gives the total shown here for the entire country of the Netherlands.[38] Adding the constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, the total area of the Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,508 km2 (16,412 sq mi).
  • ^ The figure from the UN demographic yearbook (41,277 km2 or 15,937 sq mi) excludes the areas of state forests and communanzas,[further explanation needed] which amount to 7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi). The figure here is from the 2007 data.[13]
  • ^ The UN source does not include data for the Republic of China on Taiwan. The figure shown is from the 2012 Statistical Data from the Ministry of the Interior, Republic of China. The CIA gives a total area of 35,980 km2 (13,890 sq mi). The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,420,000 km2 (4,410,000 sq mi), which includes modern-day Taiwan, Mongolia, and Mainland China.[39]
  • ^ The figure shown includes the area of Transnistria (4,163 km2 or 1,607 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Moldova.
  • ^ Figures shown are from the CIA.[1] The UN/Israel Central Bureau of Statistics figure of 22,072 km2 (8,522 sq mi) includes the Golan Heights (1,200 km2 or 460 sq mi) and East Jerusalem (70 km2 or 27 sq mi), which are not internationally recognised as part of Israel.
  • ^ Kosovo is claimed in whole by Serbia, and has limited international recognition
  • ^ Includes the largely unrecognized but de facto independent Northern Cyprus (3,355 km2 or 1,295 sq mi), the UN buffer zone (346 km2 or 134 sq mi) and Akrotiri and Dhekelia (254 km2 or 98 sq mi).[1]
  • ^ Abkhazia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  • ^ The UN source has no data for the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The figure given here is the total of all areas listed separately in the CIA World Factbook.[40]
  • ^ The CIA gives the areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip separately as 5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi) and 360 km2 (140 sq mi) respectively (https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/west-bank/; https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/gaza-strip/). The figure for the West Bank includes East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land, but excludes Mount Scopus.[1]
  • ^ Transnistria is claimed in whole by Moldova, and has limited international recognition
  • ^ South Ossetia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  • ^ Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a self-declared state recognised only by Turkey.
  • ^ Figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook.[1] The UN figure of 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi) excludes the Agaléga Islands and Cargados Carajos.[13]
  • ^ The CIA World Factbook[1] and the UN give an area of 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi), which includes Mayotte (374 km2 (144 sq mi)), an overseas department of France.
  • ^ Åland Islands is an Autonomous region of Finland. As an Autonomous region of Finland, part of the European Union.
  • ^ There are some lakes and streams of unknown area.
  • ^ The figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook,[1] and refers to land area only. The UN figure excludes 84 km2 (32 sq mi) of uninhabited islands.
  • ^ The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook.[1] The UN value of 539 km2 (208 sq mi) refers to habitable area only and excludes the country's central forest reserve.
  • ^ The total area of Saint Helena is 122 square kilometres (47 sq mi), Ascension Island is 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi), and Tristan da Cunha is 98 square kilometres (38 sq mi).
  • ^ Niue, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  • ^ The Cook Islands, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  • ^ a b Data is from the 2007 statistics.[13]
  • ^ The UN gives no information for the British Indian Ocean Territory. The figure given here was taken from the CIA Factbook, and refers to land area only.[1]
  • ^ The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook, and includes Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Island.[1] The UN figure is 5 km2 or 1.9 sq mi, and only includes area for Pitcairn island itself, the only inhabited island in the group.
  • ^ Current statistics: March 2014 – Direcção dos Serviços de Cartografia e Cadastro (Cartography and Cadastre Bureau) Including University of Macau's New Hengqin Campus
  • ^ The De Agostini Atlas Calendar listed the area of Vatican City as 0.44 km2 in its 1930 edition[42] but corrected it to 0.49 km2 in its 1945–46 edition.[43] The figure of 0.44 km2 is still widely cited by many sources despite its inaccuracy.
  • References

    External links