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South Dakota

State of the United States of America

South Dakota is a state in the United States. South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. Its capital is Pierre and largest city is Sioux Falls. Other important cities are Rapid City and Aberdeen. Famous attractions include Mount Rushmore, the Black Hills, and the Wall Drug Store. The Corn Palace is also famous, and it is in Mitchell.

South Dakota
State of South Dakota
The Mount Rushmore State (official)
Under God the People Rule
Anthem: Hail, South Dakota!
Map of the United States with South Dakota highlighted
Map of the United States with South Dakota highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodDakota Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 2, 1889 (39th or 40th)
Largest citySioux Falls
Largest metro and urban areasSioux Falls metropolitan area
 • GovernorKristi Noem (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorLarry Rhoden (R)
LegislatureSouth Dakota Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJohn Thune (R)
Mike Rounds (R)
U.S. House delegationDusty Johnson (R) (list)
 • Total77,116 sq mi (199,729 km2)
 • Land75,811 sq mi (196,350 km2)
 • Water1,305 sq mi (3,379 km2)  1.7%
Area rank17th
 • Length380 mi (610 km)
 • Width210 mi (340 km)
2,200 ft (670 m)
Highest elevation7,244 ft (2,208 m)
Lowest elevation968 ft (295 m)
 • Total884,659
 • Rank46th
 • Density11.44/sq mi (4.42/km2)
 • Density rank46th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
Demonym(s)South Dakotan
 • Official languageEnglish[5]Sioux[6]
Time zones
eastern halfUTC−06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
western halfUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-SD
Traditional abbreviationS.D., S.Dak.
Latitude42°29′ N to 45°56′ N
Longitude96°26′ W to 104°03′ W
South Dakota state symbols
Flag of South Dakota.svg
Seal of South Dakota.svg
Living insignia
BirdRing-necked pheasant
FlowerAmerican Pasque flower
GrassWestern wheat grass
InsectWestern honeybee
TreeBlack Hills Spruce
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
GemstoneFairburn agate
RockRose quartz
OtherKuchen (state dessert)
State route marker
South Dakota state route marker
Lists of United States state symbols

South Dakota is bordered to the north by North Dakota, to the south by Nebraska, to the east by Iowa and Minnesota, and to the west by Wyoming and Montana.

There are Nine Native American tribes that live in South Dakota.

Related pages


  1. "Black Elk Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. "South Dakota Codified Laws (1–27–20)". South Dakota State Legislature. Archived from the original on January 21, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  6. "South Dakota recognizes official indigenous language". Argus Leader. Retrieved March 26, 2019.

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