Coordinates: 33°N 44°E / 33°N 44°E / 33; 44 .

44°E / 33°N 44°E / 33; 44

Iraq (pronounced /iːˈrɑːk/ (deprecatit template) or /ɪˈræk/, Arabic: العراق Al-Irāq), offeecially the Republic o Iraq (Arabic: Aboot this soondجمهورية العراق Jumhūrīyat Al-Irāq, Kurdish: كؤماری عێراق‎‎, Komara Îraqê)[6] is a kintra in Wastren Asie spannin maist o the northwastren end o the Zagros muntain range, the eastren pairt o the Sirie Desert an the northren pairt o the Arabie Desert.[7]

Republic o Iraq

  • جمهورية العـراق (Arabic)
  • كۆماريى عێراق (Kurdish)
Motto: الله أكبر (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar" (transleeteration)
"God is the Greatest"
"My Homeland"
Location o Iraq
Location o Iraq
and largest city
33°20′N 44°26′E / 33.333°N 44.433°E / 33.333; 44.433
Offeecial leids
  • Arabic
  • Kurdish
GovrenmentFederal pairlamentary republic
• Preses
Barham Salih
• Prime Meenister
Mustafa Al-Kadhimi
LegislaturCooncil o Representatives
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Total
437,072 km2 (168,754 sq mi) (59t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
38,146,025[1][2] (36t)
• Density
82.7/km2 (214.2/sq mi) (125t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$612 billion[3] (34t)
• Per capita
$16,551[3] (71st)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Tot
$240.006 billion[3] (47t)
• Per capita
$6,491[3] (88t)
Gini (2012)29.5[4]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.654[5]
medium · 121st
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+964
ISO 3166 codeIQ
  1. Constitution o Iraq, Airticle 4 (1st).
Territorial Organization

Iraq is bordered bi Jordan tae the wast, Sirie tae the northwast, Turkey tae the north, Iran tae the east, an Kuwait an Saudi Arabie tae the sooth. Iraq haes a narrae section o coastline measurin 58 km (35 mile) on the northren Persie Gulf. The caipital ceety, Baghdad is in the centre-east o the kintra.

Twa major rivers, the Tigris an Euphrates, run throu the centre o Iraq, flowin frae northwast tae sootheast. Thir provide Iraq wi agriculturally capable land an contrast wi the steppe an desert landscape that covers maist o Wastren Asie.

Historically, the territory comprisin o the land cawed "Iraq" wis kent in Europe bi the Greek toponym 'Mesopotamie' (Land atween the rivers). Iraq haes been hame tae conteenous successive ceevilizations syne the 6t millennium BC. The region atween the Tigris an Euphrates rivers is identifee'd as the cradle o ceevilization an the birthplace o writin an the wheel.


  1. Embassies overseas of Republic of İraq Archived 2014-02-08 at the Wayback Machine: جريدة الصباح تنشر احصائية وزارة التخطيط لعدد نفوس سكان العراق لسنة Archived Februar 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Iraq". CIA Factbook. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 11 Mey 2017.
  3. a b c d "Iraq". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "World Bank GINI index". Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  5. "2015 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. p. 9. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  6. "Kurdistan Regional Government". KRG. Archived frae the original on 1 Mey 2011. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2009.
  7. "Declaration of Principles for a Long-Term Relationship of Cooperation and Friendship Between the Republic of Iraq and the United States of America".

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