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Abu Hanifa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān (Persie: ابوحنیفه‎, Arabic: نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان‎), kent as Imam Abū Ḥanīfah (Arabic: أبو حنيفة‎ datit 699 – 767 AD / 80 – 150 AH) an aw,[5] wis the foonder o the Sunni Hanafi schuil o fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). He is considered a renained Islamic scholar an personality bi Zaydi Shia Muslims an aw.[6] He wis eften cried "the Great Imam" (ألإمام الأعظم, al-imām al-aʿẓam).[3]

Islamic scholar
Abū Ḥanīfah
Abu Hanifa Name.png
Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān wi Islamic calligrafie
TeetleImām e Azam
BornSeptember 5, 702 (80 Hijri)
Parvān, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate
Died14 Juin 772(772-06-14) (aged 69) (150 Hijri)
Baghdad, Black flag.svg Abbasid Caliphate
EthnicityPersie[1][2][3][4]
EraIslamic gowden age
RegionKufa[1]
ReleegionIslam
JurisprudenceSunni
Main interest(s)Jurisprudence
Notable idea(s)Istihsan
Notable wirk(s)Kitabul-Athar
Fiqh al-Akbar[dubious ]

References

  1. a b c A.C. Brown, Jonathan (2014). Misquoting Muhammad: The Challenge and Choices of Interpreting the Prophet's Legacy. Oneworld Publications. pp. 24–5. ISBN 978-1780744209.
  2. Mohsen Zakeri (1995), Sasanid soldiers in early Muslim society: the origins of 'Ayyārān and Futuwwa, p.293 [1]
  3. a b S. H. Nasr (1975), "The religious sciences", in R.N. Frye, The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4, Cambridge University Press. pg 474: "Abū Ḥanīfah, who is often called the "grand imam"(al-Imam al-'Azam) was Persian
  4. Cyril Glasse, "The New Encyclopedia of Islam", Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. pg 23: "Abu Hanifah, a Persian, was one of the great jurists of Islam and one of the historic Sunni Mujtahids"
  5. ABŪ ḤANĪFA, Encyclopædia Iranica
  6. Abu Bakr al-Jassas al-Razi. Ahkam al-Quran. Dar Al-Fikr Al-Beirutiyya. pp. volume 1 page 100.

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