Ucraina es un land situat in li ost de Europa.

Ucraina
Україна
Ukrayina
Flag of Ukraine.svgLesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Situation de Ucraina Україна Ukrayina
Cité capitalKiev
Prim-MinistreDenys Shmyhal
PresidenteVolodímir Zelenski
LinguesUkrainan
Area603 700 km²  
Population41 510 726
ValutaGrivna (UAH)

Li capital cité de Ucraina es Kiev.

Li himne national de Ucraina es li canzon Shche ne vmerla Ukraina.

Ucraina have 45 994 287 habitantes. 140 000 bulgares de Bessarabia e 10 100 rusynes vive in Ucraina.

Historie

  • 1922 Ucraina devenit un parte del nov-fundat Soviet-Union.
  • 1932-1933 Per un famine quel es causat per li politica del soviet-dictator Josef Stalin morit in li tal-nóminat Holodomor inter 3,5 e 5 milliones homes in Ukraina.
  • 1991 Ucraina devenit un state índependent. Declaration del índependentie ye li 24-im de august 1991.
  • 2014 Pos quelc mensus de protestes contra li por-russian politica lil presidente Victor Yanukovich fugit a Russia e nov por-europan presidente e guvernament es electet.
  • 2022 Russia comensat li 24-im de febuar 2022 un atacca militari contra li tot land. Li 30-im de septrembre 2022 Russia anexet li Popul Republica Luhansk, li Popul Republica Donetsk e li russ ocupat territorias del districtes Cherson e Zaporizhia.

Politica

Secun li constitution de 1996 Ucraina es un semi-presidential political sistema. Pos changeamentes in li annu 2004 nu li parlament es plu fort. Li presidente es electet directmen per li popul por quin annus e es li chef del state. Li parlament have li nómine Verkhovna Rada e have 450 membres, queles es electet directmen. Li parlament anc decide pri li composition del guvernament.


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