Li botanica (gr. βοτάνη botáos; plante) es li scientie pri li plantes or vegetales. It tracta li vive de plantes (clasifiction taxonomie, lose georaphic, cicle de vive, formes de reproduction etc.) lor metabolisme (nutrition e crescentie, e biochimie), lor chimie (substanties contenent e sus propietates por exemple terapeutic), lor ecologia (le conservation de species)e lor aplication practical agricultura (pro alimentation e altres, pro ex. biocombustibles e fivras textil).

Utensiles traditional del botanist

La botanica general recovra li taxinomie (classification del plantes), li morfologie (descrint li parts del plante), li istologie, li fysiologie, li biogeografie (pri u li specie de plantes cresce) e li patologie. Cert disciplines, quam li dendrologie, es specialisat pri un specifamilie de plantes.

Li conossentie exact del plantes trove del aplications in li farmacologie, del selection e del ameliorament del plantes cultivat in agricultura e orticultura.

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