Japanese (日本語) "Nihon-go" or "Nippon-go" Japanese me) ek bhasa hae jiske Japan me spoken bola jaae hae. Kuchh log soche hae ki Japanese, Mongolian, aur Turkish, Altaic languages ke bhasa se ais hae.

Japanese
日本語 Nihongo
Nihongo (Japanese) Japanese script me
日本語 (Japanese language)
Naam ke bole ke dhang[nʲihoŋɡo]
Spoken inMajority: Japan (日本)
Total speakers130 million[1]
Language familyJaponic
  • Japanese
Writing systemJapanese logographs and syllabaries, Chinese characters, rōmaji, Siddham script (occasionally in Buddhist temples.)
Official status
Official language in Japan
Template:Country data Palau (Angaur)[2][3]
Regulated byNone
Japanese government ke khaas haanth hae
Language codes
ISO 639-1ja
ISO 639-2jpn
ISO 639-3jpn
Japanese language extension.PNG
  The primary official language is Japanese.
  Japanese is a minority language.
Japanese calligraphy. It says Nihongo, which means "Japanese."

English me, sabd ke order bahut imporant hae. Jaise ki, sentences me "Is it?" aur "It is." ke different matlab rahe hae. Japanese me ii differences ke sabd ke ending ke badle se hoe hae. Tab Japanese sabd me ek stem rahe hae jiske "body" bola jaae hae, aur duusra hissa jiske "suffixes" bola jaae hae. Suffix ke badle se sabd ke matlab badla jaae sake hae.

Japanese me paanch vowel sound hae jiske dui different lambaii rahe sake hae. Ii hae ah, ee, oo, eh, aur o. Vowel ke lamba kare se sabd ke matlab badla jaae hae: jaise ki ojisan (おじさん, uncle) aur ojiisan (おじいさん, grandfather). Japanese me ek sound hae jon ki English ke "L" sound ke rakam hae, lekin English "R" sound ke rakam bi hae. (Ii kaaran se dher Japanese logan ke duuno "L" aur "R" sound bole me difficullty hoe hae, jab uu logan English me baat kare hae.) Japanese me ek sound hae jon ki English me common nai hae aur jon ki Tsu likha jaae hae. Iske alawa, "o" aur "u" chhotaa nai to lambaa rahe sake hae. Jaise ki, benkyousuru (べんきょうする)(parrho).

Japanese me, verb, sentence ke end me rahe hae, aur subject suruu me rahe hae. Bahut sentences me koi bhi subject nai rahe hae. Sune waala subject ke anumaan aur verb ke form se work out kare sake hae.

Japanese me Japan ke Nihon (日本) bola jaae hae, aur Japanese language ke Nihongo (日本語) (-go ke matlab language hae). Nihongo ke matlab bhi Japanese hae. Kabhi kabhi Nippon aur Nippongo sabd ke bhi kam me lawa jae hae lekin aaj kal ii sabd ke jaada nationalist socha jaae hae, jab ki Nihon jaada neutral sabd hae. Ii sabd ke kanji characters ke matlab "sun-root" hae, jiske kaaran hae ki Japan ke "The Land of Rising Sun" bola jaae hae.

Likhe ke dhang

Japanese bhasa tiin writing system ke use kare hae. Pahila dui hae hiragana (ひらがな) aur katakana (カタカナ). Hiragana ke Japan ke sabd ke likhe me use karaa jaae hae. Katakana ke jaada kar ke sound effects likhe khatir aur uu sabd ke likhe khatir jon ki Japan ke baaahar se aais hae, ke khatir use araa jaae hae. Duuno writing system me symbols use karaa jaae hae jiske matlab ek syllable hae. Katakana ke straighter edges aur sharper corners rahe hae. Hiragana me jaada curves rahe hae.

Japanese likhe ke ek tiisra dhang bhi hae, jiske kanji (漢字) bola jaae hae, jisme har ek sabd ke ek chapa hae jon ki Chinese bhasa se aai s hae. Japanese parrhe ke khatir, students ke 2,000 kanji sikhe ke parre hae. Dher kanji ke chhotaa kanji se banawa gais hae.

Likha gais Japanese me sabd ke biich me koi space nai rahe hae, aur kanji sabd ke sentence me separate kare me madat kae hae.

Japanese ke dui rakam se likha jaae hae:

  1. Left se right, aur panna ke uppar se niche (English bhasa ke rakam).
  2. Top se bottom, aur aur panna ke right se left.

Japanese me sentences ke ii rakam banawa jaae hae: subject, object, verb. Jaise ki, Aaj ham aapul khaya (今日、私はりんごを食べました).

Examples

Niche kuchh Japanese sabd ke example hae :

  • 私 (わたし) (watashi) Ham
  • 人 (ひと) (hito) : log
  • 女 (おんな) (onna) : aurat
  • 男 (おとこ) (otoko) : admi
  • 本 (ほん) (hon) : book
  • 水 (みず) (mizu) : Paani
  • こんにちは (konnichiwa) : kaise (during the middle of the day or afternoon)
  • さようなら (sayonara) : goodbye
  • はい (hai) : haan
  • いいえ (iie) : nai

Japanese me ginti

Number Japanese meNumber Fiji Hindi me
ichiek
nidui
santiin
shichaar
gopaanch
rokuchhe
shichisaat
hachiaath
kunau
juudas

[4]

Hafta ke din

Fiji HindiJapanese
Sombaargetsuyōbi
Mangarkayōbi
Budhsuiyōbi
Bifmokuyōbi
Sukkin'yōbi
Sanichardoyōbi
Etwaarnichiyōbi

[5]

References

  1. "Japanese". Languages of the World. Archived from the original on 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2008-02-29.
  2. "CIA – The World Factbook – Field Listing :: Languages". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on February 17, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  3. Lewis, Paul M. (ed) (2009). "Languages of Palau". SIL International. Archived from the original on February 17, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2010.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. Numbers in Million-Speaker Languages
  5. Japanese Days of the Week: the 'Seven Luminaries'

Aur websites

 Ii bhasa ke aapan Wiki  hai.
Japanese bhasa edition   ke dekho


This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Japanese bhasa, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license ("CC BY-SA 3.0"); additional terms may apply. (view authors). Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.
#Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Wiki (duhoctrungquoc.vn) is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.