Germany

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Federal Republic of Germany jiske Germany (German Bundesrepublik Deutschland[1] aur Deutschland ke naam se bhi jaana jaae hae) Europe ke biich me ek des hae. International politics me ii ek khaas des hae. Germany ke north me North Sea, Baltic Sea, aur Denmark hae. Germany ke east me Poland aur Czechia hae. Germany ke south me Austria aur Switzerland hae. Germany ke west me France, Luxembourg, Belgium aur Netherlands hae. West Germany uu des me se ek rahaa jon ki European Union ke sruu karis rahaa.[2]

Bundesrepublik Deutschland
FlagCoat of arms
JhandaCoat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto:Unity and Justice and Freedom. (German Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit)
National anthem:Das Lied der Deutschen
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa:German
Abaadi:
  - Total:{{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City:Berlin
Sab se barraa City:Berlin
Area
  - Total:35703 (ranked 61)
  - Water:n/a km² (2.18%)
Politics / Government
Established:Treaty of Verdun (843)
January 18 1871
May 23 1949
October 3 1990
Leader:President Frank Walter Steinmeier
Chancellor Olaf Scholz
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam:Euro €
International information
Time ke zone:+01:00
Telephone ke dialing code:49
Internet domain:DE

Itihaas

Germanic tribes 1st century BC me Scandinavia aur northern Germany se south ke bagal jaawe ke suruu karin, jahan pe uu logan se aur hian pe rahe waala duusra jaat ke log se takkar bhaes. 9 AD ke saal me Romans aur ii Germanic tribe ke biich me pahila larrai bhaes jisme Romans ke haar bhaes aur Roman log Germanic log ke kabhi aapan niche nai kare paais rahaa. Bahut din talak ii logan apne me larre ke baad, ek Holy Roman Empire me Pope ke niche ek loose confederation from karin. 1871 me, Bismark sab German states ke jorr ke ek Germany banais.

Chapa ke gallery

Chancellor ke list

North German Confederation (1867–1871)

PictureNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeParty
 Prince Otto von Bismarck1 July 186716 April 1871

German Empire (1871–1918)

PictureNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeParty
 Prince Otto von Bismarck21 March 187120 March 1890
 Count Leo von Caprivi20 March 189026 October 1894
 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst29 October 189417 October 1900
 Prince Bernhard von Bülow17 October 190014 July 1909
 Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg14 July 190913 July 1917
 Georg Michaelis14 July 19171 November 1917
 Count Georg von Hertling1 November 191730 September 1918
 Prince Maximilian of Baden3 October 19189 November 1918
 Friedrich Ebert9 November 191811 February 1919Social Democrats

Weimar Republic (1919–1933)

PictureNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeDays in officeParty
 Philipp Scheidemann (Prime Minister (Reichsministerpräsident))13 February 191920 June 1919127Social Democrats
 Gustav Bauer (Chancellor since 14 August)21 June 191926 March 1920279Social Democrats
file:Hermannmueller.jpgHermann Müller (1st term)27 March 19208 June 192073Social Democrats
 Konstantin Fehrenbach25 June 19204 May 1921313Centre
 Joseph Wirth10 May 192114 November 1922553Centre
 Wilhelm Cuno22 November 192212 August 1923263
 Gustav Stresemann13 August 192330 November 1923109German People's Party
 Wilhelm Marx (1st term)30 November 192315 January 1925412Centre
 Hans Luther15 January 192512 May 1926482
 ilhelm Marx (2nd term)17 May 192612 June 1928757Centre
file:Hermannmueller.jpgHermann Müller (2nd term)28 June 192827 March 1930637Social Democrats
 Heinrich Brüning30 March 193030 May 1932792Centre
 Franz von Papen1 June 193217 November 1932169
 Kurt von Schleicher2 December 193228 January 193357

Third Reich (1933–1945)

PictureNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeParty
Adolf Hitler30 January 193330 April 1945National Socialist German Workers' Party
 Joseph Goebbels30 April 19451 May 1945National Socialist German Workers' Party
file:JohannLudwigGrafSchwerinvonKrosigk26zl.jpgLutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk2 May 194523 May 1945None (non-partisan conservative)

Federal Republic (since 1949)

PictureNameTook OfficeLeft OfficeParty
 Konrad Adenauer15 September 194916 October 1963Christian Democrats
 Ludwig Erhard16 October 19631 December 1966Christian Democrats
file:Foto KGKiesinger.jpgKurt Georg Kiesinger1 December 196621 October 1969Christian Democrats
 w:Willy Brandt:Willy Brandt21 October 19697 May 1974Social Democrats
 Helmut Schmidt16 May 19741 October 1982Social Democrats
 Helmut Kohl1 October 198227 October 1998Christian Democrats
 Gerhard Schröder27 October 199822 November 2005Social Democrats
 w:Angela Merkel:Angela Merkel22 November 2005PresentChristian Democrats

Duusra websites

References

  1. Grundgesetz, Preamble and Article 20 (1) Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist ein demokratischer und sozialer Bundesstaat.
  2. History of the European Union

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