Ernest Rutherford

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This person is a Nobel prize winner

Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, OM, PC, FRS (30 August 187119 October 1937) ek New Zealand ke scientist rahaa, jiske Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908 me mila rahaa uske nuclear physics, aur theory of the structure of the atom ke khatir.

Ernest Rutherford
Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson (1871-1937)
Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson (1871-1937)
Born30 August 1871(1871-08-30)
Brightwater, New Zealand
Died19 October 1937 (aged 66)
Cambridge, England
ResidenceNew Zealand, UK, Canada
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
NationalityBritish-New Zealander
Alma materUniversity of Canterbury
University of Cambridge
Notable students  Alexander MacAulay
Ernest Walton
Robert William Boyle
Cecil Powel]
Nazir Ahmed (physicist)
Known forFather of nuclear physics
Rutherford model
Rutherford scattering
Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy
Discovery of proton
Rutherford (unit)
Coining the term 'artificial disintegration'

Rutherford nuclear physics ke ek pahila researcher rahaa, French physicist,Antoine Henri Becquerel ke 1896 me radiation ke discovery ke baad. Rutherford radiation ke tiin hissa ke discover karis jiske uu Alpha, Beta, and Gamma naam diis. Rutherford ii bhi paais ki alpha particles, helium nucleihae. Rutherford ke study se atomic structure ke baare me log samjhe sakin, jisme atom ek nucleus aur uske round electron hae.

1919 me , Rutherforddunia ke pahila artificial nuclear reaction karis, jisme uu alpha particle nitrogen gas me jorr ke oxygen isotopes aur protons banais.

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