Afghanistan

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Afghanistan (د افغانستان اسلامي امارت) Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske west me Iran south west me Pakistan north me Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan aur north east me China hae. Afghanistan ke capital city, Kabul hae.

Afghanistan
د افغانستان اسلامي امارت
Jhanda
Jhanda
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto:Allah is powerful. There is no God other than Allah and Mohammad is his prophet.
National anthem:"Soroud-e-Melli"
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa:Farsi (Dari), Pashtu
Abaadi:
  - Total:32,564,342 (ranked 40)
  - Density:50 per km²
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City:Kabul
Sab se barraa City:Kabul aur Herat
Area
  - Total:647,500 (ranked 40)
  - Water:0 km² (0%)
Politics / Government
Established:1747 me Persia se independence
Leader:President Ashraf Ghani
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam:Afghani (Af) (AFA)
International information
Time ke zone:+04:30
Telephone ke dialing code:93
Internet domain:.AF

Ii des ke main dharam Islam hae. Iske khaas bhasa Farsi (Dari) aur Pashto hae.

Bahut din talak Afghanistan me Taliban raj karat rahaa.

Chapa ke gallery

Administrative divisions

Afghanistan ke (34) provinces (welayats) me baata gais hae, aur sab province me ek capital hae. Ii province ke fir Ministry of Interior sab province ke Governor ke chune hae aur ii Governor logan sab district ke Prefects ke chune hae. Afghanistan ke central government ke Governor represent kare hae aur province ek administration ke jimewaar hae. Ministry of Interior, provincial Chief of Police ke bhi chune hae aur ii Governor ke saathe kanuun ke enforce kare hae.

 
Map jon ki Afghanistan ke 34 Province ke dekhae hae.
  1. Badakhshan
  2. Badghis
  3. Baghlan
  4. Balkh
  5. Bamyan
  6. Daykundi
  7. Farah
  8. Faryab
  9. Ghazni
  10. Ghor
  11. Helmand
  12. Herat
  13. Jowzjan
  14. Kabul
  15. Kandahar
  16. Kapisa
  17. Khost
  1. Konar
  2. Kunduz
  3. Laghman
  4. Lowgar
  5. Nangarhar
  6. Nimruz
  7. Nurestan
  8. Oruzgan
  9. Paktia
  10. Paktika
  11. Panjshir
  12. Parvan
  13. Samangan
  14. Sare Pol
  15. Takhar
  16. Wardak
  17. Zabol

Sab se barraa city

Afghanistan me khaali ek city, Kabul, hae jiske population ek million se jaada hae. Aur barraa city, population ke order me hae: Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-e Sharif, Jalalabad, Ghazni aur Kunduz.

Demographics

 
Herat

Population

    31,056,997 (July 2006 est.)
 
Afghanistan ke populations hajaar me

Umar ke structure

    0-14 saal: 44.6% (larrkaa 7,095,117/larrkii 6,763,759)
    15-64 saal: 53% (admii 8,436,716/aurat 8,008,463)
    65 saal aur jaada: 2.4% (admii 366,642/aurat 386,300) (2006 est.)

Median age

    Puura: 17.6 saal
    Admii: 17.6 saal
    Aurat: 17.6 saal (2006 est.)

Population ke barrhe ke rate

    2.67% (2006 est.)

Janam ke rate

    46.6 janam/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Maut ke rate

    20.34 maut/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate

    0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Baby ke mare ke rate

    Puura: 160.23 maut/1,000 jinda janam
    Admii: 164.77 maut/1,000 jinda janam
    Aurat: 155.45 maut/1,000 jinda janam (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

    Total population: 46 years (2004 est.)[2]
    Male: 46 years
    Female: 46 years

Gender ratio

 
Kabul me aurat.
    At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
    Total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

    6.69 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS

    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.01% (2001 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 61 (as of 2006)
    HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4

Khaas faile waala bemaari

    degree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk countrywide below 2,000 meters from March through November
    animal contact disease: rabies (2005)

Jaati

 
Ethnic groups of Afghanistan (percentages are from Encyclopædia Iranica[3] and CIA World Factbook[4])

Afghanistan me dher jaat ke log rahe hae. Ii des me bahut din se census nai karaa gais hae aur ii kaaran se sab jaati ke log ke number ke anumaan achchha se nai lagawa jaae sake hae.[5] Therefore most figures are approximations only.

CIA World Factbook ke anusaar[4] ii des ke jaati ke population hae:

  • Pashtun: 42%
  • Tajik: 27%
  • Hazara: 9%
  • Uzbek: 9%
  • Aimak: 4%
  • Turkmen: 3%
  • Baloch: 2%
  • Duusra: 4%

1960s se lae ke 1980s ke census aur Ancyclopea ke souce se [3] ii number dewa jaae hae:

  • 36.4% Pashtun
  • 33.7% Tajik
  • 8.0% Hazara
  • 8.0% Uzbek
  • 4.1% Aimak
  • 3.3% Turkmen
  • 1.6% Baloch
  • 1.9% other

Bhasa

Persian (Dari) aur Pashto bhasa me jaada kar ke Afghanistan ke log baat kare hae. Ii duuno bhasa Indo-European bhasa ke Iranian bhasa ke palwaar ke hae. Farsi (Dari dialects) 50% aur Pashto 35%. Pashto aur Farsi ii des ke official bhasa hae. Hazaragi, jisme Hazara log baat kare hae, bhi Farsi ke ek dialect hae. Aur bhasa me hae Turkic bhasa jaise ki Uzbek aur Turkmen 9%, aur 30 aur chhota bhasa 4% jaise ki Balochi, Nuristani, Pashae, Brahui, Pamiri, Hindko. Ii des ke jaada log ek se jaada bhasa me baat kare sake hae.

References

  1. http://kabul.usembassy.gov/pr082607.html
  2. Life in Afghanistan
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v1f5/v1f5a040a.html United States}}
  4. 4.0 4.1 CIA World Factbook
  5. BBC News - Afghan poll's ethnic battleground - October 6, 2004

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