'S e eileamaid cheimigeach a tha ann an naitridean.[2] 'S e an comhharra ceimigeachd aige N, àireamh atamach 7. 'S e gas dà-atamach agus neo-mheatailt a tha ann.

Naitridean
Liquidnitrogen.jpg
Naitridean lionnach
Clàr pillteach
HHe
LiBeBCNOFNe
NaMgAlSiPSClAr
KCaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr
RbSrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe
CsBa*HfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn
FrRa**RfDbSgBhHsMtDsRgCnNhFlMcLvTsOg
*LaCePrNdPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu
**AcThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr
Buadhan
SamhlaN
Àireamh7
Buidheann15, Pnìocoideanan
Ùine2
Blocap
SeòrsaNeo-mheatailtean
Buadhan stuthach
DathGun dath
Teothachd leaghaidh63.15 K ​(−210.00 °C, ​−346.00 °F)
Teothachd goilidh77.355 K ​(−195.795 °C, ​−320.431 °F)
Buadhan atamach
Tomad atamach/Da14.00634–14.00728[1]
Comh-dhealbhadh atamach[He] 2s2 2p3
Cor ogsaideachaidh5, 4, 3, 2, 1, –1, –2, –3
1mh lùth aidheonachaidh/kJ mol–11402.3
2mh lùth aidheonachaidh/kJ mol–12856
3mh lùth aidheonachaidh/kJ mol–14578.1

Taisgealadh

Chaidh naitridean a lorgadh le ceimigear is lusaiche Albannach Daniel Rutherford ann an 1772. Bha Rutherford ga ghairm noxious air no fixed air. Fuair an eileamaid an t-ainm nitrogène bhon cheimigear Frangach Jean-Antoine Chaptal ann an 1790.

Cleachdadh

Cleachdar gas naitridein mar àile tàmhach, mar eisimpleir biadh a thasgadh.

Iomraidhean

  1. http://www.ciaaw.org/atomic-weights.htm
  2. naitridean”. An Seotal. Air a thogail 28mh dhen Chèitean 2017.

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