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Most nation states have an anthem, defined as "a song, as of praise, devotion, or patriotism";[1] most anthems are either marches or hymns in style. A song or hymn can become a national anthem under the state's constitution, by a law enacted by its legislature, or simply by tradition.[2] A royal anthem is a patriotic song similar to a national anthem, but it specifically praises or prays for a monarch or royal dynasty. Such anthems are usually performed at public appearances by the monarch or during other events of royal importance.[3] Some states use their royal anthem as the national anthem, such as the state anthem of Jordan.

Rouget de Lisle, the composer of the French national anthem "La Marseillaise", sings it for the first time. The anthem is one of the earliest to be adopted by a modern state, in 1795.

There are multiple claimants to the position of oldest national anthem.[4] Among the national anthems, the first to be composed was the Dutch national anthem, the "Wilhelmus", which was written between 1568 and 1572.[5] This has both Dutch and English language versions and is unusual in being an acrostic in both languages. The Japanese anthem, "Kimigayo", employs the oldest lyrics of any national anthem, taking its words from the "Kokin Wakashū", which was first published in 905, yet these words were not set to music until 1880.[6] The first anthem to be officially adopted as such was the Spanish anthem "La Marcha Real", in 1770; its origins remain unclear; it is suggested that it has 16th century Venetian origins, or even that it was composed by king Frederick the Great himself; it is also one of the few national anthems that has never had official lyrics.[7] Anthems became increasingly popular among European states in the 18th century.[8] For example, the British national anthem "God Save the Queen" was first performed as "God Save the King" in 1745.[9] The French anthem "La Marseillaise" was written half a century later in 1792, and adopted in 1795.[10]

National anthems are usually written in the most common language of the state, whether de facto or official. States with multiple national languages may offer several versions of their anthem. For instance, Switzerland's national anthem has different lyrics for each of the country's four official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh.[11] One of New Zealand's two national anthems is commonly sung with the first verse in Māori ("Aotearoa") and the second in English ("God Defend New Zealand"). The tune is the same but the lyrics have different meanings. South Africa's national anthem is unique in that it is two different songs put together with five of the country's eleven official languages being used, in which each language comprises a stanza.[12]

UN member states and observer states

National anthems of UN member states and observer states
CountryNational anthem[a]Date adopted (de jure)LyricistComposer/ArtistAudioRef.
  Afghanistan"دا د باتورانو کور (Dā də bātorāno kor)"
("This Is the Home of the Brave")
2021Government of the Islamic Emirate of AfghanistanUnknown[15][16]
  Albania"Betimi mbi Flamur"
("The Pledge on the Flag")
1912Aleksandër Stavre DrenovaCiprian Porumbescu "Himni i Flamurit"[17]
("We Pledge")
1962Moufdi ZakariaMohamed Fawzi "Kassaman"[18]
  Andorra"El gran Carlemany"
("The Great Charlemagne")
1914Enric Marfany BonsJuan Benlloch y Vivó "El Gran Carlemany"[19]
  Angola"Angola Avante"
("Onward Angola")
1975Manuel Rui Alves MonteiroRui Mingas [pt] "Angola Avante"[20]
  Antigua and Barbuda"Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee"[b]1981Novelle Hamilton RichardsWalter Garnet Picart Chambers "Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee"[21][22]
  Argentina"Himno Nacional Argentino"
("Argentine National Anthem")
1813Vicente López y PlanesBlas Parera "Himno Nacional Argentino"[23][24]
  Armenia"Մեր Հայրենիք Mer Hayrenik"
("Our Fatherland")
1918, 1991Mikael NalbandianBarsegh Kanachyan "Mer Hayrenik"[25]
  Australia"Advance Australia Fair"[b]1984Peter Dodds McCormickPeter Dodds McCormick "Advance Australia Fair"[26][27]
  Austria"Bundeshymne der Republik Österreich"
("National Anthem of the Republic of Austria")
1947Paula von PreradovićWolfgang Amadeus Mozart/Johann Holzer [de] "National Anthem of the Republic of Austria"[28]
  Azerbaijan"Azərbaycan marşı"
("Azerbaijan's Anthem")
1918Ahmed JavadUzeyir Hajibeyov "Azərbaycan Dövlət Himni"[29][30]
  Bahamas"March On, Bahamaland"[b]1973Timothy GibsonTimothy Gibson "March On, Bahamaland"[31][32]
("Our Bahrain")
1971Mohamed Sudqi AyyashUnknown "Our Bahrain"[33]
  Bangladesh"Amar Shonar Bangla"
("My Golden Bengal")
1972Rabindranath TagoreSamar Das "Amar Shonar Bangla"[34]
  Barbados"In Plenty and In Time of Need"1966Irving BurgieC. Van Roland Edwards "In Plenty and In Time of Need"[35]
  Belarus"My Belarusy"
("We, the Belarusians")[c]
1955Michael KlimovichNestar Sakalowski "My Belarusy"[36][37]
  Belgium"La Brabançonne"
("The Brabantian")
1830Jenneval (Louis-Alexandre Dechet)François Van Campenhout "The Brabançonne"[38][39]
  Belize"Land of the Free"1981Samuel Alfred HaynesSelwyn Walford Young "Land of the Free"[40]
  Benin"L'Aube Nouvelle"
("The Dawn of a New Day")
1960Gilbert Jean DagnonGilbert Jean Dagnon "L'Aube Nouvelle"[41]
  Bhutan"Druk tsendhen"
("The Thunder Dragon Kingdom")
1953Dasho Gyaldun ThinleyAku Tongmi[42][43]
  Bolivia"Himno Nacional de Bolivia"
("National Anthem of Bolivia")
1852José Ignacio de SanjinésLeopoldo Benedetto Vincenti "Himno Nacional de Bolivia"[44]
  Bosnia and Herzegovina"Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine"
("The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina")
1999Awaiting official approvalDušan Šestić[45]
  Botswana"Fatshe leno la rona"
("Blessed Be This Noble Land")
1966Kgalemang Tumedisco MotseteKgalemang Tumedisco Motsete "Fatshe leno la rona"[46]
  Brazil"Hino Nacional Brasileiro"
("Brazilian National Anthem")
1831Joaquim Osório Duque EstradaFrancisco Manuel da Silva "Hino Nacional Brasileiro"[47]
  Brunei"Allah Peliharakan Sultan"
("God Bless the Sultan")
1951Pengiran Haji Mohamed Yusuf bin Abdul RahimBesar bin Sagap "Allah Peliharakan Sultan"[48]
  Bulgaria"Mila Rodino"
("Dear Motherland")
1964Tsvetan RadoslavovTsvetan Radoslavov "Mila Rodino"[49]
  Burkina Faso"Une Seule Nuit"
("One Single Night")
1984Thomas SankaraThomas Sankara "Une Seule Nuit"[50]
  Burundi"Burundi Bwacu"
("Our Burundi")
1962Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja and othersMarc Barengayabo[51]
  Cambodia"Nokor Reach"
("Royal Kingdom")
1941Samdach Chuon NatF. Perruchot and J. Jekyll "Nokoreach"[52]
  Cameroon"O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres"
("O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers")
1957René Djam Afame, Samuel Minkio Bamba, Moïse Nyatte Nko'o (French),
Dr Bernard Fonlon (English)
René Djam Afame "O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres"[53]
  Canada"Ô Canada"
("O Canada")[b]
1980Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French);
Robert Stanley Weir (English)
Calixa Lavallée "O Canada"[54][55][56]
  Cape Verde"Cântico da Liberdade"
("Song of Freedom")
1996Amílcar Spencer LopesAdalberto Higino Tavares Silva "Cântico da Liberdade"[57]
  Central African Republic"La Renaissance"
("The Rebirth")
1960Barthélémy BogandaHerbert Pepper "La Renaissance"[58]
  Chad"La Tchadienne"
("People of Chad")
1960Louis Gidrol and othersPaul Villard "La Tchadienne"[59]
  Chile"Himno Nacional de Chile"
("National Anthem of Chile")
1847Eusebio LilloRamón Carnicer "Himno Nacional de Chile"[60]
  China"Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ"
("March of the Volunteers")
1949 (provisional)
1982 (official)
2004 (constitutional)
Tian HanNie Er "Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ"[61]
  Colombia"Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia"
("National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia")
1886Rafael NúñezOreste Sindici "Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia"[62]
  Comoros"Udzima wa ya Masiwa"
("The Union of the Great Islands")
1978Said Hachim Sidi AbderemaneSaid Hachim Sidi Abderemane and Kamildine Abdallah "Udzima wa ya Masiwa"[63]
  Democratic Republic of the Congo"Debout Congolais"
("Arise Congolese")
1960, 1997Joseph LutumbaSimon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi Londi "Debout Congolais"[64]
  Republic of the Congo"La Congolaise"
("The Congolese")
1959, 1991Jacques Tondra and Georges KibanghiJean Royer and Joseph Spadilière "La Congolaise"[65]
  Costa Rica"Himno Nacional de Costa Rica"
("National Anthem of Costa Rica")
1853José María Zeledón BrenesManuel María Gutiérrez "Himno Nacional de Costa Rica"[66]
  Croatia"Lijepa naša domovino"
("Our Beautiful Homeland")[d]
1972Antun MihanovićJosip Runjanin "Lijepa naša domovino"[67][68]
  Cuba"El Himno de Bayamo"
("The Anthem of Bayamo")
1902Perucho FigueredoPerucho Figueredo "El Himno de Bayamo"[69]
  Cyprus"Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían"
("Hymn to Liberty")[e][f]
1960Dionýsios SolomósNikolaos Mantzaros "Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían"[70]
  Czech Republic"Kde domov můj"
("Where My Home is")[g]
1918Josef Kajetán TylFrantišek Škroup "Kde domov můj"[71][72]
  Denmark"Der er et yndigt land"
("There is a lovely country")[h]
1835Adam OehlenschlägerHans Ernst Krøyer "Der er et yndigt land"[73]
  Djibouti"Djibouti"1977Aden ElmiAbdi Robleh "Djibouti"[74]
  Dominica"Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour"1978Wilfred Oscar Morgan PondLemuel McPherson Christian "Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour"[75]
  Dominican Republic"Himno Nacional"
("National Anthem")
1934Emilio Prud'HommeJosé Rufino Reyes y Siancas "Himno Nacional"[76]
  East Timor"Pátria"
2002Francisco Borja da CostaAfonso de Araujo "Pátria"[77]
  Ecuador"Salve, Oh Patria"
("We Salute You, Our Homeland")
1948Juan León MeraAntonio Neumane "Salve, Oh Patria"[78]
  Egypt"Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"
("My Country, My Country, My Country")
1979Mohamed Younis Al-Qady
(adapted from a speech by
Mustafa Kamil)
Sayed Darwish "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"[79]
  El Salvador"Himno Nacional de El Salvador"
("National Anthem of El Salvador")
1879Juan José CañasJuan Aberle "Himno Nacional de El Salvador"[80]
  Equatorial Guinea"Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad"
("Let Us Tread the Path of our Immense Happiness")
1968Atanasio Ndongo MiyoneRamiro Sánchez Lopes "Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad"[81]
  Eritrea"Ertra, Ertra, Ertra"
("Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea")
1993Solomon Tsehaye BerakiIsaac Abraham Meharezghi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion "Ertra, Ertra, Ertra"[82]
  Estonia"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm"
("My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy")
1920Johann Voldemar JannsenFredrik Pacius "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm"[83][84]
  Eswatini"Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati"
("O Lord our God of the Swazi")
1968Andrease Enoke Fanyana SimelaneDavid Kenneth Rycroft "Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati"[85]
  Ethiopia"Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya"
("March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia")
1992Dereje Melaku MengeshaSolomon Lulu Mitiku "Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya"[86][87]
  Fiji"Meda Dau Doka"
("God Bless Fiji")
1970Michael Francis Alexander PrescottCharles Austin Miles "Meda Dau Doka"[88]
  FinlandFinnish: "Maamme"
Swedish: "Vårt Land"
("Our Land")
1917[i]Johan Ludvig Runeberg (Swedish)
Paavo Cajander (Finnish)
Fredrik Pacius "Maamme"[89]
  France"La Marseillaise"
("The Marseillaise")
1795Claude Joseph Rouget de LisleClaude Joseph Rouget de Lisle "La Marseillaise"[10]
  Gabon"La Concorde"
("The Concorde")
1960Georges Aleka DamasGeorges Aleka Damas "La Concorde"[90]
  The Gambia"For The Gambia Our Homeland"1965Virginia Julie HoweJeremy Frederick Howe "For The Gambia Our Homeland"[91]
  Georgia"თავისუფლება Tavisupleba"
2004David MagradzeZakaria Paliashvili "Tavisupleda"[92]
  Germany"Lied der Deutschen"
("Song of the Germans")[j]
1922August Heinrich Hoffmann von FallerslebenJoseph Haydn "Lied der Deutschen"[93]
  Ghana"God Bless Our Homeland Ghana"1957Government committeePhilip Gbeho "God Bless Our Homeland Ghana"[94]
  Greece"Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν/Ὕμνος πρὸς τὴν ἘλευθερίανÝmnos

eis tīn Eleutherían"
("Hymn to Liberty" or "Hymn to Freedom")[e]

1865Dionýsios SolomósNikolaos Mantzaros "Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían"[95]
  Grenada"Hail Grenada"1974Irva Merle BaptisteLouis Arnold Masanto "Hail Grenada"[96]
  Guatemala"Himno Nacional de Guatemala"
("National Anthem of Guatemala")
1896José Joaquín PalmaRafael Álvarez Ovalle "Himno Nacional de Guatemala"[97]
1958UnknownKodofo Moussa "Liberté"[98]
  Guinea-Bissau"Esta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada"
("This Is Our Beloved Country")
1974Amílcar CabralXiao He "Esta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada"[99]
  Guyana"Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains"1966Archibald Leonard LukerRobert Cyril Gladstone Potter "Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains"[100]
  Haiti"La Dessalinienne"
("Song of Dessalines")
1904Justin LhérissonNicolas Geffrard "La Dessalinienne"[101]
  Honduras"Himno Nacional de Honduras"
("National Anthem of Honduras")
1915Augusto Constancio CoelloCarlos Hartling "Himno Nacional de Honduras"[102]
1989Ferenc KölcseyFerenc Erkel "Himnusz"[103][104]
1944Matthías JochumssonSveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson "Lofsöngur"[105]
  India"জন গণ মন Jana Gana Mana"
("Hail the ruler of all minds")
1950Rabindranath TagoreMargaret Cousins "Jana Gana Mana"[106]
  Indonesia"Indonesia Raya"
("Great Indonesia")
1945Wage Rudolf SoepratmanWage Rudolf Soepratman "Indonesia Raya"[107]
  Iran"Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran"
("National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran")
1990Sayed BagheriHassan Riyahi "Mehre Khâvarân"[108]
  Iraq"Mawtini" ("My Homeland")2004Ibrahim TouqanMohammed Flayfel "Mawtini"[109]
  Ireland"Amhrán na bhFiann"
("The Soldier's Song")
1926Peadar Kearney (English)
Liam Ó Rinn (Irish)
Peadar Kearney and Patrick Heeney "Amhrán na bhFiann"[110]
  Israel"הַתִּקְוָה Hatikvah"
("The Hope")
2004Naftali Herz ImberSamuel Cohen "HaTikvah"[111]
  Italy"Il Canto degli Italiani"
("The Song of the Italians")
1946Goffredo MameliMichele Novaro "Il Canto degli Italiani"[112][113]
  Ivory Coast"L'Abidjanaise"
("Song of Abidjan")
1960Mathieu Vangah Ekra [fr], Joachim Bony [fr]
and Pierre Marie Coty [fr]
Pierre-Michel Pango [fr] "L'Abidjanaise"[114]
  Jamaica"Jamaica, Land We Love"[b]1962Hugh SherlockRobert Lightbourne "Jamaica, Land We Love"[115]
("His Majesty's Reign")[116]
1999Traditional Waka poem from the Kokin Wakashū (first published in 905)Yoshiisa Oku and Akimori Hayashi; usually credited to Hiromori Hayashi "Kimi ga Yo"[117]
  Jordan"Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni"
("The Royal Anthem of Jordan")
1946Abdul Monem Al-RefaiAbdul Qader al-Taneer "Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni"[118]
  Kazakhstan"Meniñ Qazaqstanım"
("My Kazakhstan")
2006Zhumeken Nazhimedenov
(with modifications by
Nursultan Nazarbayev)
Shamshi Kaldayakov "Meniñ Qazaqstanım"[119]
  Kenya"Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"
("Oh God of All Creation")
1963Graham Hyslop, G. W. Senoga-Zake, Thomas Kalume, Peter Kibukosya, and Washington OmondiThe Anthem Commission "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"[120]
  Kiribati"Kunan Kiribati"
("Song of Kiribati")
1979Tamuera Ioteba UriamTamuera Ioteba Uruam "Teirake Kaini Kiribati"[121]
  North Korea"Aegukka"
("The Patriotic Song")
1947Pak SeyŏngKim Wŏn'gyun[122]
  South Korea"Aegukga"
("The Patriotic Song")
1948An Chang-hoAhn Eak-tae "Aegukga"[123]
  Kuwait"Al-Nasheed Al-Watani"
("National Anthem")
1978Ahmad Meshari Al-AdwaniIbrahim Al-Soula "Al-Nasheed Al-Watani"[124]
  Kyrgyzstan"Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni"
("National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic")
1992Djamil Sadykov and Eshmambet KuluevNasyr Davlesov and Kalyi Moldobasanov "Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni"[125]
  Laos"Pheng Xat Lao"
("Hymn of the Lao People")
1947Sisana SisaneThongdy Sounthonevichit "Pheng Xat Lao"[126]
  Latvia"Dievs, svētī Latviju!"
("God Bless Latvia")
1920Kārlis BaumanisKārlis Baumanis "Dievs, svētī Latviju!"[127]
  Lebanon"Lebanese National Anthem"1927Rashid NakhleWadia Sabra "Lebanese National Anthem"[128]
  Lesotho"Lesotho Fatše La Bontata Rona"
("Lesotho, Land of Our Fathers")
1966François CoillardFerdinand-Samuel Laur "Lesotho Fatše La Bontata Rona"[129]
  Liberia"All Hail, Liberia, Hail!"1847Daniel Bashiel WarnerOlmstead Luca "All Hail, Liberia, Hail!"[130]
  Libya"Libya, Libya, Libya"2011Al Bashir Al ArebiMohammed Abdel Wahab "Libya, Libya, Libya!"[131]
  Liechtenstein"Oben am jungen Rhein"
("High on the young Rhine")
1963Jakob Josef JauchUnknown[k] "Oben am jungen Rhein"[132]
  Lithuania"Tautiška giesmė"
("National Song")
1919Vincas KudirkaVincas Kudirka "Tautiška giesmė"[133]
  Luxembourg"Ons Heemecht"
("Our Homeland")
1993Michel LentzJean Antoine Zinnen "Ons Hémécht"[134]
  Madagascar"Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!"
("Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors")
1958Pastor RahajasonNorbert Raharisoa "Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!"[135]
  Malawi"Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi"
("God Bless Malawi")
1964Michael-Fredrick Paul SaukaMichael-Fredrick Paul Sauka "Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi"[136]
("My Country")
1957multiplePierre-Jean de Béranger "Negaraku"[137]
  Maldives"Gaumii salaam"
("National Salute")
1972Muhammad Jameel DidiPandit Wannakuwattawaduge Don Amaradeva "Gaumii salaam"[138]
  Mali"Le Mali"
1962Seydou Badian KouyateBanzumana Sissoko "Le Mali"[139]
  Malta"L-Innu Malti"
("The Maltese Hymn")
1964Dun Karm PsailaRobert Samut "L-Innu Malti"[140]
  Marshall Islands"Forever Marshall Islands"1991Amata KabuaAmata Kabua "Forever Marshall Islands"[141]
  Mauritania"Bilada-l ubati-l hudati-l kiram"
("Country of the Proud, Guiding Noblemen")
2017UnknownRageh Daoud "Bilada-l ubati-l hudati-l kiram"[142]
  Mauritius"Motherland"1968Jean Georges ProsperPhilippe Gentil (M.B.E. Esq.) "Motherland"[143]
  Mexico"Himno Nacional Mexicano"
("Mexican National Anthem")
1943Francisco González BocanegraJaime Nunó "Himno Nacional Mexicano"[144]
  Micronesia"Patriots of Micronesia"1991UnknownTraditional German song (Ich hab' mich ergeben) "Patriots of Micronesia"[145]
  Moldova"Limba noastră"
("Our Language")
1994Alexei MateeviciAlexandru Cristea "Limba noastră"[146]
  Monaco"Hymne Monégasque"
("Monégasque Anthem")
1848Louis NotariCharles Albrecht "Hymne Monégasque"[147]
  Mongolia"Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal"
("National Anthem of Mongolia")
1950Tsendiin DamdinsürenBilegiin Damdinsüren and Luvsanjambyn Mördorj "Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal"[148]
  Montenegro"Oj, svijetla majska zoro"
("O, Bright Dawn of May")
2004folk songŽarko Mirković "Oj, svijetla majska zoro"[149][150]
  Morocco"Hymne Chérifien"
("Cherifian Anthem")
1956Ali Squalli HoussainiLéo Morgan "Hymne Chérifien"[151]
  Mozambique"Pátria Amada"
(Beloved Homeland")
2002Salomão J. Manhiça and Mia CoutoJustino Sigaulane Chemane "Pátria Amada"[152]
  Myanmar"ကမ္ဘာမကျေ Kaba Ma Kyei"
("Till the End of the World")
1948Tsaya TingTsaya Ting "Kaba Ma Kyei"[153]
  Namibia"Namibia, Land of the Brave"1991Axali DoësebAxali Doëseb "Namibia, Land of the Brave"[154]
  Nauru"Nauru Bwiema"
("Song of Nauru")
1968Margaret HendrieLaurence Henry Hicks[155]
    Nepal"Sayaun Thunga Phulka"
("Made of Hundreds of Flowers")
2007Byakul MailaAmber Gurung "Sayaun Thunga Phulka"[156]
1932Philips of Marnix, or Dirck Coornhert or Petrus DathenusAdrianus Valerius "The Wilhelmus"[157]
  New Zealand"God Defend New Zealand"[b]1940 (national hymn)
1977 (national anthem)
Thomas Bracken (English version)
Thomas H. Smith (Māori version)[l]
John Joseph Woods[l] "God Defend New Zealand"[158]
  Nicaragua"Salve a ti, Nicaragua"
("Hail to Thee, Nicaragua")
1918Salomón Ibarra MayorgaLuis A. Delgadillo "Salve a ti, Nicaragua"[159]
  Niger"La Nigérienne"
("The Nigerien")
1961Maurice Albert ThirietRobert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet[160]
  Nigeria"Arise, O Compatriots"1978John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sotu Omoigui, and P. O. AderibigheNigerian Police Band, under the directorship of B. E. Odiase "Arise, O Compatriots"[161]
  North Macedonia"Denes nad Makedonija"
("Today Over Macedonia")
1992Vlado MaleskiTodor Skalovski "Denes nad Makedonija"[162]
  Norway"Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
("Yes, We Love This Country")[m]
2019[n]Bjørnstjerne BjørnsonRikard Nordraak "Ja, vi elsker dette landet"[163][164]
  Oman"Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani"
("Sultanic Salute")
1932Rashid bin Uzayyiz Al KhusaidiJames Frederick Mills, arranged by Bernard Ebbinghaus "Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani"[165]
  Pakistan"Qaumī Tarāna"
("National Anthem")
1954Hafeez JullundhriAhmed Ghulamali Chagla "Qaumī Tarāna"[166]
  Palau"Belau rekid"
("Our Palau")
1980multipleYmesei O. Ezekiel "Belau rekid"[167][168]
("Fedayeen warrior")
1996Said Al MuzayinAli Ismael "Fida'i"[169]
  Panama"Himno Istmeño"
("Hymn of the Isthmus")
1925Jeronimo de la OssaSantos Jorge "Himno Istmeño"[170]
  Papua New Guinea"O Arise, All You Sons"[b]1975Tom ShackladyTom Shacklady "O Arise, All You Sons"[171]
  Paraguay"Himno Nacional Paraguayo"
("Paraguayan National Anthem")
1933Francisco Acuña de FigueroaFrancisco José Debali "Paraguayos, República o Muerte"[172]
  Peru"Himno Nacional del Perú"
("National Anthem of Peru")
1821José de la Torre Ugarte y AlarcónJose Bernardo Alcedo "Himno Nacional del Perú"[173]
  Philippines"Lupang Hinirang"
("Chosen Land")
1898José PalmaJulián Felipe "Lupang Hinirang"[174]
  Poland"Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
("Poland Is Not Yet Lost")[o]
1728Józef WybickiUnknown "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"[175]
  Portugal"A Portuguesa"
("The Portuguese")
1911Henrique Lopes de MendonçaAlfredo Keil "A Portuguesa"[176]
  Qatar"As Salam al Amiri"
("Peace to the Amir")
1996Sheikh Mubarak bin Saïf al-ThaniAbdul Aziz Nasser Obaidan "As Salam Al Amiri"[177]
  Romania"Deșteaptă-te, române!"
("Awaken Thee, Romanian!")
1990Andrei MureșanuAnton Pann and Gheorghe Ucenescu "Deșteaptă-te, române!"[178]
  Russia"Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"
("State Hymn of the Russian Federation")
2000Sergey MikhalkovAlexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov "Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"[179]
  Rwanda"Rwanda Nziza"
("Beautiful Rwanda")
2002Faustin MurigoJean-Bosco Hashakimana "Rwanda Nziza"[180]
  Saint Kitts and Nevis"O Land of Beauty!"[b]1983Kenrick GeorgesKenrick Georges "O Land of Beauty!"[181]
  Saint Lucia"Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia"1979Charles JesseLeton Felix Thomas "Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia"[182]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines"Saint Vincent, Land so beautiful"1979Phyllis PunnettJoel Bertram Miguel "Saint Vincent, Land so Beautiful"[183][184]
  Samoa"The Banner of Freedom"1962Sauni Iiga KuresaSauni Iiga Kuresa[185]
  San Marino"Inno Nazionale della Repubblica"
("The National Anthem of the Republic")
1894No official lyricsFederico Consolo "Inno Nazionale della Repubblica"[186]
  São Tomé and Príncipe"Independência total"
("Total Independence")
1975Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito SantoManuel dos Santos Barreto de Sousa e Almeida "Independência total"[187]
  Saudi Arabia"As-Salam Al Malaki"
("The Royal Salute")
1950Ibrahim KhafajiAbdul Rahman Al-Khateeb "As-Salam Al Malaki"[188]
  Senegal"Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons"
("Strum your Koras, Strike the Balafons")
1960Léopold Sédar SenghorHerbert Pepper "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons"[189]
  Serbia"Bože pravde"
("God of Justice")
2006Jovan ĐorđevićDavorin Jenko "Bože pravde"[190]
  Seychelles"Koste Seselwa"
("Join together all Seychellois")
1996David François Marc André and George Charles Robert PayetDavid François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet "Koste Seselwa"[191]
  Sierra Leone"High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free"1961Clifford Nelson FyleJohn Akar "High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free"[192]
  Singapore"Majulah Singapura"
("Onward Singapore")
1965Zubir SaidZubir Said "Majulah Singapura"[193]
  Slovakia"Nad Tatrou sa blýska"
("Lightning Over the Tatras")[g]
1918Janko MatúškaUnknown; folk tune "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"[194][195]
("A Toast")[p]
1989France PrešerenStanko Premrl "Zdravljica"[196]
  Solomon Islands"God Save Our Solomon Islands"[b]1978Panapasa Balekana and Matila BalekanaPanapasa Balekana[197]
  Somalia"Qolobaa Calankeed"
("Praise to the Flag")
2012Abdullahi QarsheAbdullahi Qarshe "Qolobaa Calankeed"[198]
  South Africa"National anthem of South Africa"[q]1997Enoch Sontonga and C. J. LangenhovenEnoch Sontonga and Marthinus Lourens de Villiers "National Anthem of South Africa"[199]
  South Sudan"South Sudan Oyee!"2011Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011[200]Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011[200] "South Sudan Oyee!"[201]
  Spain"La Marcha Real"
("The Royal March")
Alfonso XIIIManuel de Espinosa de los Monteros "La Marcha Real"[202]
  Sri Lanka"Sri Lanka Matha"
("Mother Sri Lanka")
1951Ananda Samarakoon (Sinhala)

M. Nallathambi (Tamil)[203]

Rabindranath Tagore

Ananda Samarakoon

"Sri Lanka Matha"[204]
  Sudan"Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan"
("We Are the Army of God and of Our Land")
1956Sayyed Ahmed Mohammed SalihAhmad Murjan "Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan"[205]
  Suriname"God zij met ons Suriname"
("God Be With Our Suriname")
1959Cornelis Atses Hoekstra and Henry de ZielJohannes Corstianus de Puy "God zij met ons Suriname"[206]
  Sweden"Du gamla, du fria"
("Thou Ancient, Thou Free")[s]
1866 de facto (never adopted de jure)Richard Dybeckfolk tune "Du gamla, du fria"[207]
("Swiss Psalm")
1981Leonhard Widmer (German),
Charles Chatelanat (French),
Camillo Valsangiacomo (Italian),
and Flurin Camathias (Romansch)
Alberich Zwyssig "Schweizerpsalm"[208]
  Syria"Humāt ad-Diyār"
("Guardians of the Homeland")
1936Khalil Mardam BeyMohammed Flayfel and Ahmad Salim Flayfel "Humāt ad-Diyār"[209]
  Tajikistan"Surudi Milli"
("National Anthem")
1991Gulnazar KeldiSuleiman Yudakov "Surudi Milli"[210]
  Tanzania"Mungu ibariki Afrika"
("God Bless Africa")
1961collectivelyEnoch Sontonga "Mungu ibariki Afrika"[211]
  Thailand"Phleng Chat"
("National Song")[t]
1939Luang SaranupraphanPeter Feit "Phleng Chat"[212]
  Togo"Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux"
("Hail to Thee, Land of our Forefathers")
1960Alex Casimir-DossehAlex Casimir-Dosseh "Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux"[213]
  Tonga"Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga"
("Song of the King of the Tonga Islands")
1875Uelingatoni Ngū TupoumalohiCarl Gustav Schmitt "Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga"[214][215]
  Trinidad and Tobago"Forged from the Love of Liberty"1962Patrick CastagnePatrick Castagne "Forged from the Love of Liberty"[216]
  Tunisia"Humat al-Hima"
("Defenders of the Homeland")
1987Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafi'i and Aboul-Qacem EchebbiMohammed Abdel Wahab "Humat al-Hima"[217]
  Turkey"İstiklâl Marşı"
("The March of Independence")
1921Mehmet Akif ErsoyOsman Zeki Üngör "İstiklâl Marşı"[218]
  Turkmenistan"Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni"
("The State Anthem of Independent and Neutral Turkmenistan")
2008collectivelyVeli Mukhatov "Türkmenbaşyň guran beýik binasy"[219]
  Tuvalu"Tuvalu mo te Atua"
("Tuvalu for the Almighty")[b]
1978Afaese ManoaAfaese Manoa[220]
  Uganda"Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty"1962George Wilberforce KakomaGeorge Wilberforce Kakoma "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty"[221]
  Ukraine"Shche ne vmerla Ukraina"
("Ukraine's Glory Has Not Perished")
1917Pavlo ChubynskyMykhaylo Verbytsky "Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy"[222]
  United Arab Emirates"Ishy Biladi"
("Long Live my Homeland")
1971Arif Al Sheikh Abdullah Al HassanSaad Abdel Wahab "Ishy Biladi"[223][224]
  United Kingdom"God Save the Queen"[u][v]1745Henry CareyUnknown "God Save the Queen"[225][226]
  United States"The Star-Spangled Banner"1931Francis Scott KeyJohn Stafford Smith "The Star-Spangled Banner"[227]
  Uruguay"Himno Nacional"
("National Anthem")
1833Francisco Acuña de FigueroaFrancisco José Debali "Himno Nacional"[228]
  Uzbekistan"O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi"
("National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan")
1991Abdulla AripovMutal Burhanov "O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi"[229]
  Vanuatu"Yumi, Yumi, Yumi"
("We, We, We")
1980François Vincent AyssavFrançois Vincent Ayssav "Yumi, Yumi, Yumi"[230]
   Vatican City"Marche Pontificale"
("Pontifical Anthem and March")
1950Antonio AllegraCharles Gounod "Marche Pontificale"[231]
  Venezuela"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo"
("Glory to the Brave People")
1881Vicente SaliasJuan José Landaeta "Gloria al Bravo Pueblo"[232]
  Vietnam"Tiến Quân Ca"
("Marching Song")
1945Văn CaoVăn Cao "Tiến Quân Ca"[233]
  Yemen"National anthem of Yemen"1990Abdallah Abdulwahab NomanAyoob Tarish "National anthem of Yemen"[234][235]
  Zambia"Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free"1964collectivelyEnoch Sontonga "National anthem of Zambia"[236][237]
  Zimbabwe"Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe"
("O Lift High the Banner of Zimbabwe")
1994Solomon MutswairoFred Changundega "Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"[238]

Anthems of partially recognized states and territories

Territory[w]Territorial anthemDate adoptedLyricistOfficially known asComposerAudioRef.
1992Genady Alamiya"State Anthem of the Republic of Abkhazia"Valera Çkaduwa "Aiaaira"[239]
  Artsakh"Azat u ankakh Artsakh"
("Free and independent Artsakh")
1992Vardan Hakobyan"Unofficial State Anthem of the Republic of Artsakh"Armen Nasibyan[240]
  Kosovo"Europe"2008No official lyrics"Anthem of the Republic of Kosovo"Mendi Mengjiqi "Europe"[241]
  Northern Cyprus"İstiklâl Marşı"
("Independence March")
1921Mehmet Akif Ersoy"The Turkish Cypriot State Anthem"Zeki Üngör "İstiklâl Marşı"[242][243]
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic"Yā Banīy As-Saharā"
("O Sons of the Sahara")
1976unknown"Western Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republican Anthem"unknown "Ya Baniy As-Sahara"[244]
  Somaliland"Samo ku waar"1991Hassan Sheikh Mumin"Samo Ku Waar, Somaliland"Hassan Sheikh Mumin "Samo ku waar"[245]
  South Ossetia"Respublikæ Hussar Irystony Paddzahadon Gimn"
("National Anthem of South Ossetia")
1995Totraz Kokaev"Respwlikæ Hwßar İrisânı Pađzahadân Ģimń"Felix Alborov[246]
  Taiwan"San Min Chu-i-ge"
("Song of the Three Principles of the People")[x]
1937 (de facto)
1943 (de jure)
Sun Yat-sen"National Anthem of the Republic of China"[y]Cheng Maoyun "San Min Zhu Yi"[247]
  Transnistria"My slavim tebia, Pridnestrovie"
("We glorify you, Pridnestrovie")
1992Boris Parmenov, Vitaly Pishenko, Nicholas Bozhko"We chant thy praises of Pridnestrovia"Boris Alexandrov "My slavim tebia"[248][249]

See also


  1. ^ Only United Nations member states and observer states are included in this table.[13][14]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "God Save the Queen" is the royal anthem of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Canada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, the Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu, and one of New Zealand's two national anthems.
  3. ^ "My Belarusy" was originally adopted by the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.
  4. ^ "Lijepa naša domovino" was originally adopted by the Socialist Republic of Croatia.
  5. ^ a b "Hymn to Liberty" or "Hymn to Freedom" is the national anthem of both Cyprus and Greece.
  6. ^ By the power of the Constitution of Cyprus, the Turkish national anthem "İstiklâl Marşı" was used when a Turkish Cypriot representative was present. The practice lasted up to 1963.
  7. ^ a b Originally adopted by Czechoslovakia as a part of its hymn in 1918 (together with Slovak "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"), and latter in 1993 by the Czech Republic (already without the Slovak part).
  8. ^ "Kong Christian stod ved højen mast" ("King Christian stood by the lofty mast") is the second national anthem of Denmark. Both anthems have equal status.
  9. ^ First performed in 1848. National anthem status gained through convention after independence in 1917.
  10. ^ Also known as "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" ("Unity and justice and freedom"); only the third stanza of the song is the official national anthem.
  11. ^ Uses the same melody as "God Save the Queen"
  12. ^ a b c d This refers to "God Defend New Zealand", not "God Save the Queen".
  13. ^ Until the early 20th century, "Sønner av Norge" was the most recognised national anthem of Norway. Also "Norges Skaal" and "Mitt lille land" have at times been described as national anthems. Norway's unofficial royal anthem is "Kongesangen".
  14. ^ "Ja, vi elsker dette landet" was first performed in 1864, but only gradually came to replace the older national anthem "Sønner av Norge" as de facto national anthem. It was adopted as the official national anthem 11 December 2019.
  15. ^ Also known by its incipit: "Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła, kiedy my żyjemy" ("Poland Is Not Yet Lost, So long as we still live").
  16. ^ "Zdravljica" was originally adopted by the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. Only the seventh stanza of the song is used as the national anthem.
  17. ^ The "National Anthem of South Africa" is a hybrid of "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" ("God Bless Africa") and "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika"
    ("The Call of South Africa").
  18. ^ Declared official "Honor March" by Charles III in 1770, abolished 1820-1823, adopted as official anthem under Isabel II (r. 1833–1868), co-official during 1873-1874 and again abolished 1931-1939. Re-introduced in 1939.
  19. ^ Sweden's royal anthem is "Kungssången".
  20. ^ Thailand's royal anthem is "Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami".
  21. ^ Royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom, but no official status as national anthem.
  22. ^ Anthems of the Countries of the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), sometimes described as "national anthems", are not listed here. As non-sovereign states, they are listed at List of regional anthems.
  23. ^ This list is for those who have declared independence and are partially recognized.
  24. ^ "National Banner Song" is used as the alternate state anthem for Taiwan at international sporting events such as the Olympic Games and World Baseball Classic.
  25. ^ The official state name of Taiwan is the "Republic of China".


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