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Andrew Tate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Emory Andrew Tate III (born December 14, 1986) is an American-British[1] internet personality and former professional kickboxer. Following his kickboxing career, Tate began offering paid courses and memberships through his website and later rose to fame as an influencer. Tate's misogynistic[2][3][4][5] commentary on social media has resulted in bans from several platforms.

Tate boxing in 2014

Early life

Tate was born on December 14, 1986,[6] in Washington, D.C.,[7] and raised in Luton, England.[8] His African-American father, Emory Tate, was a chess International Master.[9] His mother worked as a catering assistant.[8] He is multiracial.[10] Tate learned to play chess at the age of five and competed in adult tournaments as a child.[9]

Career

Kickboxing

In 2005, Tate started practicing boxing and martial arts on the side. In November 2008, Tate was ranked 7th best light-heavyweight kickboxer in Britain in the International Sport Kickboxing Association's rankings.[11] In 2009, while employed in selling television advertising, he won the International Sport Karate Association (ISKA) Full Contact Cruiserweight championship in Derby, England, and was ranked number one in his division in Europe. Though he had won 17 of his 19 fights, he said it was his first belt and title.[12] In 2011, Tate won his first ISKA world title in a rematch against Jean-Luc Benoit via knockout, having previously lost to Benoit by decision.[13] In December 2012, Tate lost the Enfusion championship tournament to Franci Grajš.[14] Before his loss, he had won his previous 18 fights, all by knockout,[15] and was ranked second best light-heavyweight kickboxer in the world.[16] In 2013, Tate won his second ISKA world title in a 12-round match held in Châteaurenard, France, making him world champion in two different weight divisions.[17] He has since retired from combat sports.[18]

Big Brother and online ventures

In 2016, while a guest on the seventeenth season of Big Brother, Tate came under scrutiny for his homophobic and racist comments on Twitter.[19] After the release of a video in which Tate appeared to beat a woman with a belt, Tate was removed from the show after only six days of participation.[20] Both Tate and the woman said that they were friends and that the actions in the video were consensual.[8][20][21]

Tate's website offers training courses on accumulating wealth and "male–female interactions". According to the website, he also operates a webcam studio using girlfriends as employees.[20] Tate and his brother started the webcam business, employing as many as 75 webcam models[22] to sell "fake sob stories" to male callers,[23] claiming to have made millions of dollars doing so. Tate stated that the business model is a "total scam".[24]

Tate operates Hustler's University, a platform where members pay a monthly membership fee to receive instruction on topics such as dropshipping and cryptocurrency trading. The platform employed an affiliate marketing program, where members received a commission for recruiting others to the platform.[25] Tate became highly prominent during 2022 by encouraging members of Hustler's University to post large numbers of videos of him to social media platforms in an effort to maximize engagement.[8] As of August 2022, its website had amassed over 100,000 subscribers,[26] which included boys as young as 13. That same month, Stripe pulled out of processing subscriptions for the platform, and Hustler's University shut down its affiliate marketing program.[25] Daniel Angus, a professor of digital communications at Queensland University of Technology, stated the affiliate program had "all the hallmarks of a pyramid scheme".[27]

Social media presence

 
Tate during an interview in 2021

Tate received attention for his tweets describing his view of what qualifies as sexual harassment amid the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse cases and for tweeting several statements about his view that sexual assault victims share responsibility for their assaults.[20] In 2017, he was criticized for tweeting that depression "isn't real".[2][28] Three of Tate's Twitter accounts were suspended at different times. In 2021, an account that he created to evade his previous ban was verified by Twitter contrary to their policies. The account was subsequently permanently suspended, and Twitter said the verification occurred in error.[20]

Online, Tate initially became known among far-right circles through appearances on InfoWars and acquaintances with far-right figures such as Paul Joseph Watson, Jack Posobiec, and Mike Cernovich.[29] Tate became highly popular during summer of 2022, surpassing both Donald Trump and COVID-19 in Google searches in July.[30] By August, Tate was described by Rabbil Sikdar in The Independent as a "cult-like figure" to "young directionless men" and boys who support his anti-feminist views.[31] Tate has described himself as "absolutely a sexist" and "absolutely a misogynist".[32] He has stated that women "belong in the home", "can't drive",[33] and are "given to the man and belong to the man",[2] and claimed that men prefer dating 18- and 19-year-olds because they have had sex with fewer men.[34] Tate stated that he decided to move to Romania in part because he was less likely to be investigated for rape allegations in Eastern Europe.[24]

The White Ribbon Campaign, a nonprofit advocating against male-on-female violence, considers Tate's commentary "extremely misogynistic" and its possible long-term effects on his young male audience "concerning".[35] Hope not Hate, an anti-extremism advocacy group, has commented that Tate's social media presence might present a "dangerous slip road into the far-right" for his audience.[30] In response to criticism, Tate stated that his content includes "many videos praising women" and mainly aims at teaching his audience to avoid "toxic and low value people as a whole".[34] He further stated that he plays a "comedic character" and claimed that people believed "absolutely false narratives" about him.[36]

In August 2022, Tate was permanently banned from Instagram, where he had 4.7 million followers,[37] and Facebook for violating their policies on hate speech and dangerous organizations and individuals.[30][38][39] TikTok, where videos featuring his name as a hashtag have been viewed 13 billion times, removed his account as well after determining that it violated their policies on "content that attacks, threatens, incites violence against, or otherwise dehumanizes an individual or a group".[29][40] Shortly thereafter, YouTube also suspended his channel citing multiple violations, including hate speech and COVID-19 misinformation, and Tate subsequently deleted his channel on Twitch.[41][42] Tate responded to the bans, saying that, while most of his comments were taken out of context, he takes responsibility for how they were received.[2] Boxer and social media personality Jake Paul denounced Tate's sexism, but criticized the bans as censorship.[22] According to Media Matters for America, Tate's content continued to circulate on Facebook, Instagram, and TikTok after the bans via fan accounts.[43][44]

Criminal investigation

On April 11, 2022, Tate's house was raided by the Romanian police after the U.S. embassy alerted them that an American woman might be held at the property. The investigation was later taken over by Romania's Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism and expanded to include human trafficking and rape allegations.[8] On April 27, Romanian police said that no person had been charged or arrested in the case.[45] The investigation is ongoing as of mid-2022. Tate has denied any wrongdoing.[8]

Kickboxing record

Professional kickboxing record (incomplete) — 76 wins, 9 losses[46]

Legend:   Win   Loss   Draw/No contest   Notes

Mixed martial arts record

Professional record

Res.RecordOpponentMethodEventDateRoundTimeLocationNotes
Win2–1–0Shane KavanaghKO (punches)Ultimate Warrior Challenge 13Jun 6, 201013:00Essex, United Kingdom[6][47]
Loss1–1–0Reza MeldavianDecision (unanimous)Ultimate Warrior Challenge 4Jun 2, 200735:00Essex, United Kingdom[108][109]
Win1–0–0Matthew WilkinsDecision (unanimous)Ultimate Warrior Challenge 3Feb 24, 200725:00Essex, United Kingdom[108]

Amateur record

Res.RecordOpponentMethodEventDateRoundTimeLocationNotes
Win2–1–0Luke BarnattDecision (unanimous)Ultimate Warrior Challenge 12Mar 20, 201035:00Essex, United Kingdom[6][47][108]
Loss1–1–0William MorleyDecision (unanimous)Ultimate Warrior Challenge 2Nov 4, 200625:00Southend-on-Sea, United Kingdom[108][110]
Win1–0–0Lee MayoSubmission (guillotine choke)Ultimate Warrior Challenge 1Jun 10, 200621:05Southend-on-Sea, United Kingdom[108][111]

References

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