Wiki English 2022: Laal Singh Chaddha
English日本語 JapaneseVietnamese

The Akbash, Turkish: Akbaş, is a traditional Turkish breed or type of flock guardian dog from western Anatolia.[3] The word 'Akbaş' means 'white head', and thus distinguishes this dog from the Karabaş, or 'black head'.[4]: 33 [5] It was recognised by the Turkish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs in 2006; it is under the tutelage of the Köpek Irkları ve Kinoloji Federasyonu, the Turkish dog breed society, but is not recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.[3][6]

a large white dog sitting
Other namesAkbaş Çoban Köpeği
HeightDogs60–85 cm (24–33 in)[1]: 7 
Bitches50–75 cm (20–30 in)[1]: 7 
WeightDogs45–65 kg (99–143 lb)[1]: 7 
Bitches35–55 kg (77–121 lb)[1]: 7 
Coatdouble coat[2]: 90 
Colourwhite[2]: 90 
Life span10–12 years[2]: 90 
Notesrecognised by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Turkey
Dog (domestic dog)
a large white dog sitting among a flock of sheep
Guarding sheep in California


The Akbash is a traditional breed of livestock guardian dog, used to protect flocks from predators in the rugged terrain of western Anatolia.[2]: 90  It is distributed mainly in the provinces of Afyon, Ankara, Eskişehir and Manisa; some are present in the provinces of Agri, Konya, Sivas and Tunceli.[1]: 7 [7]: 5 

A standard was published by the Turkish Standards Institution in 2002, and in 2006 the Akbash was recognised by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs; it was added to the list of recognised native breeds and types, and the breed standard was published in the Resmi Gazete, the official government gazette.[7]: 5 [8][9]: 8 [10]


The Akbash is a flock guardian dog, providing protection from predators to shepherds and to their sheep; it does not have any herding ability.[1]: 7  It is large and powerful dog:[11]: 406  mean body weight is approximately 45 kg, and mean height at the withers just over 75 cm.[1]: 6 

The coat may be either long or of medium length; it is always double, and is usually white, though there may be some shading towards a biscuit colour.[12]: 70 [11]: 406  As with other white-coated flock guardian dogs, the white coat makes it easy for the shepherd to distinguish between the dog and a predator, even in the dark.[11]: 406  There is considerable feathering behind the legs, and the tail is heavily feathered.[12]: 70